|Detection of Human CD157 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human kidney (cortex) tissue. PVDF Membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human CD157 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4736) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for CD157 at approximately 45 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.|
CD157, also known as bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (BST-1), is a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol anchored membrane protein that belongs to the CD38 family (1). CD157 was discovered in a bone marrow stromal cell line where it facilitates pre-B-cell growth (2, 3). Along with CD38, CD157 is a bifunctional ectoenzyme that exhibits both ADP-ribosyl cyclase and cyclic ADP ribose hydrolase activities (2). It may play a role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) due to its enhanced expression in RA‑derived bone marrow stromal cell lines (3). CD157 has been predicted to function as a cell surface receptor and an immunoregulatory molecule (4).
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