|Detection of CD58/LFA‑3 in Human Peripheral Blood Monocytes by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood monocytes were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD58/LFA‑3 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB1689A, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC0041A, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
T cells require a signal induced by the engagement of the T cell receptor and a “co-stimulatory” signal(s) through distinct T cell surface molecules for optimal T cell expansion and activation. Many cell-bound receptor-ligand pairs have now been shown to be involved in T cell co-stimulation including CD58/CD2 in humans and CD48/CD2 in mice and rats. CD58, also known as lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-3), is a 210 amino acid protein that belongs to the CD2 family of the immunoglobulin superfamily (1). CD58 is widely expressed on hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic human cells and has been found on leukocytes, erythrocytes, endothelial cells, epithelial cells and fibroblasts of human origin (2). No mouse or rat homolog of CD58 has as of yet been identified. CD58 has only one known ligand, CD2. CD2 is expressed on T cells, NK cells and dendritic cells (2‑4). CD2 ligation by CD58 has been shown to mediate T cell adhesion, T cell activation, T cell cytokine production and T cell and NK cell cytotoxic activity (1, 3, 5, 6). In dendritic cells, CD2 engagement increases MHC Class II, CD40, CD80, CD86, CD58 and CCR7 and induces IL-1 beta and IL-12 cytokine secretion (4).