Detection of Human EGLN2/PHD1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF Membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Human EGLN2/PHD1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6394) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for EGLN2/PHD1 at approximately 48 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
EGLN2 (EGL/EGg Laying-Nine #2; also known as PHD1 and HPH3) is a 43 kDa member of the EglN family of proteins. It is ubiquitously expressed and found principally in the nucleus. EGLN2 hydroxylates proline on HIF-1 alpha. HIF-1 is an alpha / beta heterodimeric transcriptional activator that upregulates genes involved in mitigating the effects of hypoxia. Normally, and in the presence of abundant oxygen, the HIF-1 alpha -chain is hydroxylated by PHD family members, which results in its ubiquitylation and degradation. Under low oxygen tension, EGLN2 activity is decreased, the HIF-1 alpha subunit is retained, and HIF-1 activates genes. Human EGLN2 is 407 amino acids (aa) in length (SwissProt #:Q96KS0). It contains one iron 2-oxoglutarate (Fe2OG) dioxygenase domain (aa 278-376) plus an iron-binding (His297 and His358), and a 2-oxoglutarate-binding (Arg367) site. There is one alternative start site at Met34 that generates a 40 kDa isoform. In addition, there is another potential splice form that shows a 16 aa substitution for aa 1-281. Full-length human EGLN2 shares 91% aa sequence identity with mouse EGLN2.
Egl Nine Homolog 2/Prolyl Hydroxylase Domain-containing Protein 1
Entrez Gene IDs:
112398 (Human); 112406 (Mouse); 308457 (Rat)
DKFZp434E026; EC 1.14.11; EC 1.14.11.-; egl nine homolog 2 (C. elegans); egl nine homolog 2; EGLN2; EIT6; Estrogen-induced tag 6; FLJ95603; HIFPH1 EGL nine (C.elegans) homolog 2; HIFPH1; HIF-PH1; HIF-prolyl hydroxylase 1; HPH-1; HPH-3; Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase 1; PHD1; Prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing protein 1
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