Detection of IL‑1 RI in HUVEC Human Cells by Flow Cytometry. HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells were stained with Goat Anti-Human IL‑1 RI PE‑conjugated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB269P, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # IC108P, open histogram). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: IL-1 RI
Two distinct types of receptors that bind the pleiotropic cytokines IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta have been described. The IL-1 receptor Type I is an 80 kDa transmembrane protein that is expressed predominantly by T cells, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. IL-1 receptor Type II is a 68 kDa transmembrane protein found on B lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes, large granular leukocytes and endothelial cells. Both receptors are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily and show approximately 28% sequence identity in their extracellular domains. The two receptor types do not heterodimerize into a receptor complex.
An IL-1 receptor accessory protein that can heterodimerize with the Type I receptor in the presence of IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta but not IL-1ra, was identified (1). This Type I receptor complex appears to mediate all the known IL-1 biological responses. The receptor Type II has a short cytoplasmic domain and does not transduce IL-1 signals. In addition to the membrane-bound form of IL-1 RII, a naturally-occurring soluble form of IL-1 RII has been described. It has been suggested that the Type II receptor, either as the membrane-bound or as the soluble form, serves as a decoy for IL-1 and inhibits IL-1 action by blocking the binding of IL-1 to the signaling Type I receptor complex. Recombinant IL-1 soluble receptor Type I is a potent antagonist of IL-1 action.
Greenfeder, S. et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270:13757.
Interleukin 1 Receptor I
Entrez Gene IDs:
3554 (Human); 16177 (Mouse)
CD121 antigen-like family member A; CD121a antigen; CD121a; IL-1 RI; IL1R; IL1R1; IL1RI; IL-1RI; IL1RT1; IL-1RT1; IL-1RT-1; Interleukin 1 Receptor 1; interleukin 1 receptor, type I; interleukin receptor 1; interleukin-1 receptor type 1; p80
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