Measured by its ability to neutralize LAP TGF‑ beta 1 inhibition of TGF‑ beta 1 growth inhibition in the HT‑2 mouse T cell line. Tsang, M. et al. (1995) Cytokine 7:389. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 1-5 µg/mL in the presence of 500 ng/mL Recombinant Human LAP TGF‑ beta 1 and 1 ng/mL Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 1.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
LAP (TGF-beta 1) in HEK293 Human Cell Line.
LAP (TGF-beta 1) was detected in immersion fixed HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line using Mouse Anti-Human LAP (TGF-beta 1) Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB246) at 3 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 493-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (green; Catalog # NL009) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
LAP TGF‑ beta 1 Inhibition of TGF‑ beta 1 Activity and Neutralization by Human LAP TGF‑ beta 1 Antibody.
Recombinant Human LAP TGF‑ beta 1 (Catalog # 246-LP) inhibits Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B) growth inhibition activity in the HT‑2 mouse T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Inhibition of Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 1 (1 ng/mL) activity elicited by Recombinant Human LAP TGF‑ beta 1 (500 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Human LAP TGF‑ beta 1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB246). The ND50 is typically 1-5 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: LAP (TGF-beta 1)
The TGF-beta family includes several related proteins (70-80% sequence homology) from mammalian, avian, or Xenopus systems that are now designated TGF-beta 1, TGF‑ beta 2, TGF-beta 1.2, TGF-beta 3, TGF-beta 4, and TGF-beta 5. These proteins are secreted by cells in the form of an inactive complex, referred to as latent TGF-beta, that consists of TGF-beta associated non-covalently with a Latency-associated peptide (LAP). These two proteins are synthesized as a single pro-peptide that is cleaved in a post Golgi compartment prior to secretion. Different TGF-beta family members are naturally associated with their own distinct LAPs.
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