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Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 Protein

  • Purity
    >97%, by SDS-PAGE with silver staining.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured by its ability to inhibit the IL-4-dependent proliferation of HT‑2 mouse T cells. Tsang, M. et al. (1995) Cytokine 7:389. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.04-0.2 ng/mL.
  • Source
    Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived Ala279-Ser390
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    12.8 (monomer) kDa
    12 kDa, reducing conditions
    24 kDa, non-reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
Reconstitution Purified recombinant human TGF-beta 1 is an extremely hydrophobic protein that adheres strongly to surfaces. To ensure recovery, reconstitute at 20 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing 1 mg/mL human or bovine serum albumin.
Reconstitution Reconstitute 2 µg vials at 20 µg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin. Reconstitute 10 µg or larger vials at 100 µg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
1 ug/lane of Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing single bands at 12 kDa and 24 kDa, respectively.
Recombinant Human TGF-beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B) inhibits Recombinant Mouse IL-4 (Catalog # 404-ML) induced proliferation in the HT-2 mouse T cell line. The ED50 for this effect is typically 0.04-0.2 ng/mL.
Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) was induced in the A549 human lung carcinoma cell line with cell culture media supplemented with Recombinant Human (rh)TGF-beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B). Control cells were cultured without rhTGF-beta 1. EMT induction was confirmed at 48 h by flow cytometric staining for E-Cadherin (filled; Catalog # FAB18381P), an epithelial cell marker, or an isotype control(Catalog # 240-B). TGF-beta 1 decreased the expression of E-Cadherin.
Background: TGF-beta 1
TGF-beta 1 (transforming growth factor beta 1) is one of three closely related mammalian members of the large TGF-beta superfamily that share a characteristic cystine knot structure (1‑7). TGF-beta 1, -2 and -3 are highly pleiotropic cytokines that are proposed to act as cellular switches that regulate processes such as immune function, proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (1‑4). Each TGF-beta isoform has some non‑redundant functions; for TGF-beta 1, mice with targeted deletion show defects in hematopoiesis and endothelial differentiation, and die of overwhelming inflammation (2). Human TGF‑ beta 1 cDNA encodes a 390 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 29 aa signal peptide and a 361 aa proprotein (8). A furin‑like convertase processes the proprotein to generate an N‑terminal 249 aa latency‑associated peptide (LAP) and a C‑terminal 112 aa mature TGF‑ beta 1 (8, 9). Disulfide‑linked homodimers of LAP and TGF‑ beta 1 remain non‑covalently associated after secretion, forming the small latent TGF‑ beta 1 complex (8‑10). Covalent linkage of LAP to one of three latent TGF‑ beta binding proteins (LTBPs) creates a large latent complex that may interact with the extracellular matrix (9, 10). TGF‑ beta is activated from latency by pathways that include actions of the protease plasmin, matrix metalloproteases, thrombospondin 1 and a subset of integrins (10). Mature human TGF‑ beta 1 shares 100% aa identity with pig, dog and cow TGF‑ beta 1, and 99% aa identity with mouse, rat and horse TGF‑ beta 1. It demonstrates cross‑species activity (1). TGF‑ beta 1 signaling begins with high‑affinity binding to a type II ser/thr kinase receptor termed TGF‑ beta RII. This receptor then phosphorylates and activates a second ser/thr kinase receptor, TGF‑ beta RI (also called activin receptor‑like kinase (ALK) ‑5), or alternatively, ALK‑1. This complex phosphorylates and activates Smad proteins that regulate transcription (3, 11, 12). Contributions of the accessory receptors betaglycan (also known as TGF‑ beta  RIII) and endoglin, or use of Smad‑independent signaling pathways, allow for disparate actions observed in response to TGF‑ beta in different contexts (11).
  • References:
    1. Derynck, R. and K. Miyazono (2008) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 29.
    2. Dunker, N. and K. Krieglstein (2000) Eur. J. Biochem. 267:6982.
    3. Wahl, S.M. (2006) Immunol. Rev. 213:213.
    4. Chang, H. et al. (2002) Endocr. Rev. 23:787.
    5. Lin, J.S. et al. (2006) Reproduction 132:179.
    6. Hinck, A.P. et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35:8517.
    7. Mittl, P.R.E. et al. (1996) Protein Sci. 5:1261.
    8. Derynck, R. et al. (1985) Nature 316:701.
    9. Miyazono, K. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:6407.
    10. Oklu, R. and R. Hesketh (2000) Biochem. J. 352:601.
    11. de Caestecker, M. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:1.
    12. Zuniga, J.E. et al. (2005) J. Mol. Biol. 354:1052.
  • Long Name:
    Transforming Growth Factor beta 1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7040 (Human); 21803 (Mouse); 59086 (Rat); 397078 (Porcine); 100033900 (Equine);
  • Alternate Names:
    TGFB1; CEDLAP; DPD1; latency-associated peptide; TGFB; TGFbeta; TGF-beta 1 protein; TGF-beta-1; transforming growth factor beta-1; transforming growth factor, beta 1
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

Showing Results 1 - 10 of 209
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Sample Type
  1. The anti-proliferative function of the TGF-beta1 signaling pathway involves the repression of the oncogenic TBX2 by its homologue TBX3.
    Authors: Li J, Ballim D, Rodriguez M, Cui R, Goding C, Teng H, Prince S
    J Biol Chem, 2014;289(51):35633-43.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  2. 4-1BB ligand signaling to T cells limits T cell activation.
    Authors: Eun S, Lee S, Xu Y, Croft M
    J Immunol, 2015;194(1):134-41.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Angiotensin II-dependent TGF-beta signaling contributes to Loeys-Dietz syndrome vascular pathogenesis.
    Authors: Gallo E, Loch D, Habashi J, Calderon J, Chen Y, Bedja D, van Erp C, Gerber E, Parker S, Sauls K, Judge D, Cooke S, Lindsay M, Rouf R, Myers L, ap Rhys C, Kent K, Norris R, Huso D, Dietz H
    J Clin Invest, 2014;124(1):448-60.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Canonical transforming growth factor-beta signaling regulates disintegrin metalloprotease expression in experimental renal fibrosis via miR-29.
    Authors: Ramdas V, McBride M, Denby L, Baker A
    Am J Pathol, 2013;183(6):1885-96.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  5. Musashi-2 controls cell fate, lineage bias, and TGF-beta signaling in HSCs.
    Authors: Park S, Deering R, Lu Y, Tivnan P, Lianoglou S, Al-Shahrour F, Ebert B, Hacohen N, Leslie C, Daley G, Lengner C, Kharas M
    J Exp Med, 2014;211(1):71-87.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  6. MicroRNA-22 is a master regulator of bone morphogenetic protein-7/6 homeostasis in the kidney.
    Authors: Long, Jianyin, Badal, Shawn S, Wang, Yin, Chang, Benny H, Rodriguez, Antony, Danesh, Farhad R
    J Biol Chem, 2013;288(51):36202-14.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: cell culture
  7. Lumican, an extracellular matrix proteoglycan, is a novel requisite for hepatic fibrosis.
    Authors: Krishnan A, Li X, Kao W, Viker K, Butters K, Masuoka H, Knudsen B, Gores G, Charlton M
    Lab Invest, 2012;92(12):1712-25.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  8. MiR-1 and miR-200 inhibit EMT via Slug-dependent and tumorigenesis via Slug-independent mechanisms.
    Authors: Liu Y, Yin J, Abou-Kheir W, Hynes P, Casey O, Fang L, Yi M, Stephens R, Seng V, Sheppard-Tillman H, Martin P, Kelly K
    Oncogene, 2013;32(3):296-306.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Cell Culture Substrate
  9. Transforming growth factor β-1 stimulates profibrotic epithelial signaling to activate pericyte-myofibroblast transition in obstructive kidney fibrosis.
    Am J Pathol, 2013;182(1):118-31.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  10. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) directly and indirectly promotes tumor angiogenesis.
    Authors: Kudo, Yasusei, Iizuka, Shinji, Yoshida, Maki, Tsunematsu, Takaaki, Kondo, Tomoyuki, Subarnbhesaj, Ajiravud, Deraz, Elsayed, Siriwardena, Samadara, Tahara, Hidetosh, Ishimaru, Naozumi, Ogawa, Ikuko, Takata, Takashi
    J Biol Chem, 2012;287(46):38716-28.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  11. Conversion of peripheral CD4+CD25- naive T cells to CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells by TGF-beta induction of transcription factor Foxp3.
    Authors: Chen, WanJun, Jin, Wenwen, Hardegen, Neil, Lei, Ke-Jian, Li, Li, Marinos, Nancy, McGrady, George, Wahl, Sharon M
    J Exp Med, 2003;198(12):1875-86.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  12. An essential role for Scurfin in CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells.
    Authors: Khattri, Roli, Cox, Tom, Yasayko, Sue-Ann, Ramsdell, Fred
    Nat Immunol, 2003;4(4):337-42.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  13. TGF beta1-Induced Baf60c Regulates both Smooth Muscle Cell Commitment and Quiescence.
    Authors: Sohni A, Mulas F, Ferrazzi F, Luttun A, Bellazzi R, Huylebroeck D, Ekker S, Verfaillie C
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(10):e47629.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  14. Non-Canonical Smads Phosphorylation Induced by the Glutamate Release Inhibitor, Riluzole, through GSK3 Activation in Melanoma.
    Authors: Abushahba W, Olabisi O, Jeong B, Boregowda R, Wen Y, Liu F, Goydos J, Lasfar A, Cohen-Solal K
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(10):e47312.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  15. Signalling pathways mediating specific synergistic interactions between GDF9 and BMP15.
    Authors: Mottershead D, Ritter L, Gilchrist R
    Mol Hum Reprod, 2012;18(3):121-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  16. Laminin-411 Is a Vascular Ligand for MCAM and Facilitates TH17 Cell Entry into the CNS.
    Authors: Flanagan K, Fitzgerald K, Baker J
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(7):e40443.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  17. T-Lymphocytes Enable Osteoblast Maturation via IL-17F during the Early Phase of Fracture Repair.
    Authors: Nam D, Mau E, Wang Y, Wright D, Silkstone D, Whetstone H, Whyne C, Alman B
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(6):e40044.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  18. Antigen-independent differentiation and maintenance of effector-like resident memory T cells in tissues.
    Authors: Casey KA, Fraser KA, Schenkel JM, Moran A, Abt MC, Beura LK, Lucas PJ, Artis D, Wherry EJ, Hogquist K, Vezys V, Masopust D
    J. Immunol., 2012;188(10):4866-75.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  19. Glycotranscriptome study reveals an enzymatic switch modulating glycosaminoglycan synthesis during B-cell development and activation.
    Authors: Duchez S, Pascal V, Cogne N, Jayat-Vignoles C, Julien R, Cogne M
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2011;41(12):3632-44.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  20. Identification of TROP2 (TACSTD2), an EpCAM-like molecule, as a specific marker for TGF-beta1-dependent human epidermal Langerhans cells.
    Authors: Eisenwort G, Jurkin J, Yasmin N, Bauer T, Gesslbauer B, Strobl H
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2011;131(10):2049-57.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  21. Targeting of SMAD5 links microRNA-155 to the TGF-beta pathway and lymphomagenesis.
    Authors: Rai D, Kim SW, McKeller MR
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2010;107(7):3111-6.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Identification of retinoic acid in a high content screen for agents that overcome the anti-myogenic effect of TGF-beta-1.
    Authors: Krueger C, Hoffmann FM
    PLoS ONE, 2010;5(11):e15511.
  23. Effects of high mobility group box protein-1, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-6 on cartilage matrix metabolism in three-dimensional equine chondrocyte cultures.
    Authors: Ley C, Svala E, Nilton A, Lindahl A, Eloranta ML, Ekman S, Skioldebrand E
    Connect. Tissue Res., 2011;52(4):290-300.
    Species: Equine
    Application: Bioassay
  24. Recombinant expression, purification, and functional characterisation of connective tissue growth factor and nephroblastoma-overexpressed protein.
    Authors: Bohr W, Kupper M, Hoffmann K, Weiskirchen R
    PLoS ONE, 2010;5(12):e16000.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  25. Co-adjuvant effects of retinoic acid and IL-15 induce inflammatory immunity to dietary antigens.
    Authors: DePaolo RW, Abadie V, Tang F
    Nature, 2011;471(7337):220-4.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  26. Loss of CD4+ T cell IL-6R expression during inflammation underlines a role for IL-6 trans signaling in the local maintenance of Th17 cells.
    Authors: Jones GW, McLoughlin RM, Hammond VJ, Parker CR, Williams JD, Malhotra R, Scheller J, Williams AS, Rose-John S, Topley N, Jones SA
    J. Immunol., 2010;184(4):2130-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  27. Transforming growth factor beta1 inhibits cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-dependent cAMP-stimulated alveolar epithelial fluid transport via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent mechanism.
    Authors: Roux J, Carles M, Koh H, Goolaerts A, Ganter MT, Chesebro BB, Howard M, Houseman BT, Finkbeiner W, Shokat KM, Paquet AC, Matthay MA, Pittet JF
    J. Biol. Chem., 2010;285(7):4278-90.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  28. Membrane protein GARP is a receptor for latent TGF-beta on the surface of activated human Treg.
    Authors: Stockis J, Colau D, Coulie PG, Lucas S
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2009;39(12):3315-22.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  29. Reciprocal developmental pathways for the generation of pathogenic effector TH17 and regulatory T cells.
    Authors: Bettelli E, Carrier Y, Gao W, Korn T, Strom TB, Oukka M, Weiner HL, Kuchroo VK
    Nature, 2006;441(7090):235-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  30. Role of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 in allergic airway remodeling.
    Authors: Veraldi KL, Gibson BT, Yasuoka H, Myerburg MM, Kelly EA, Balzar S, Jarjour NN, Pilewski JM, Wenzel SE, Feghali-Bostwick CA
    Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2009;180(7):611-7.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  31. Glial cell type-specific subcellular localization of 14-3-3 zeta: an implication for JCV tropism.
    Authors: Lamba S, Ravichandran V, Major EO
    Glia, 2009;57(9):971-7.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  32. The transcription factor PU.1 is required for the development of IL-9-producing T cells and allergic inflammation.
    Authors: Chang HC, Sehra S, Goswami R, Yao W, Yu Q, Stritesky GL, Jabeen R, McKinley C, Ahyi AN, Han L, Nguyen ET, Robertson MJ, Perumal NB, Tepper RS, Nutt SL, Kaplan MH
    Nat. Immunol., 2010;11(6):527-34.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  33. CD69+ CD4+ CD25- T cells, a new subset of regulatory T cells, suppress T cell proliferation through membrane-bound TGF-beta 1.
    Authors: Han Y, Guo Q, Zhang M, Chen Z, Cao X
    J. Immunol., 2009;182(1):111-20.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  34. Angiopoietin-like 7 secretion is induced by glaucoma stimuli and its concentration is elevated in glaucomatous aqueous humor.
    Authors: Kuchtey J, Kallberg ME, Gelatt KN, Rinkoski T, Komaromy AM, Kuchtey RW
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2008;49(8):3438-48.
  35. Activation of Toll-like receptor 3 augments myofibroblast differentiation.
    Authors: Sugiura H, Ichikawa T, Koarai A, Yanagisawa S, Minakata Y, Matsunaga K, Hirano T, Akamatsu K, Ichinose M
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2009;40(6):654-62.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  36. Glioblastoma-secreted factors induce IGFBP7 and angiogenesis by modulating Smad-2-dependent TGF-beta signaling.
    Authors: Pen A, Moreno MJ, Durocher Y, Deb-Rinker P, Stanimirovic DB
    Oncogene, 2008;27(54):6834-44.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Normally occurring NKG2D+CD4+ T cells are immunosuppressive and inversely correlated with disease activity in juvenile-onset lupus.
    Authors: Dai Z, Turtle CJ, Booth GC, Riddell SR, Gooley TA, Stevens AM, Spies T, Groh V
    J. Exp. Med., 2009;206(4):793-805.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  38. Osteoactivin is a novel osteoclastic protein and plays a key role in osteoclast differentiation and activity.
    Authors: Sheng MH, Wergedal JE, Mohan S, Lau KH
    FEBS Lett., 2008;582(10):1451-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  39. In vivo investigations on anti-fibrotic potential of proteasome inhibition in lung and skin fibrosis.
    Authors: Fineschi S, Bongiovanni M, Donati Y, Djaafar S, Naso F, Goffin L, Argiroffo CB, Pache JC, Dayer JM, Ferrari-Lacraz S, Chizzolini C
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2008;39(4):458-65.
  40. Equine umbilical cord blood contains a population of stem cells that express Oct4 and differentiate into mesodermal and endodermal cell types.
    Authors: Reed SA, Johnson SE
    J. Cell. Physiol., 2008;215(2):329-36.
    Species: Equine
    Application: Bioassay
  41. Fibrogenic fibroblasts increase intercellular adhesion strength by reinforcing individual OB-cadherin bonds.
    Authors: Pittet P, Lee K, Kulik AJ, Meister JJ, Hinz B
    J. Cell. Sci., 2008;121(0):877-86.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  42. Induction of a distinct CD8 Tnc17 subset by transforming growth factor-beta and interleukin-6.
    Authors: Liu SJ, Tsai JP, Shen CR, Sher YP, Hsieh CL, Yeh YC, Chou AH, Chang SR, Hsiao KN, Yu FW, Chen HW
    J. Leukoc. Biol., 2007;82(2):354-60.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  43. Collagen I promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in lung cancer cells via transforming growth factor-beta signaling.
    Authors: Shintani Y, Maeda M, Chaika N, Johnson KR, Wheelock MJ
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2007;38(1):95-104.
  44. Cyclic stretch controls the expression of CD40 in endothelial cells by changing their transforming growth factor-beta1 response.
    Authors: Korff T, Aufgebauer K, Hecker M
    Circulation, 2007;116(20):2288-97.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  45. High levels of GDF15 in thalassemia suppress expression of the iron regulatory protein hepcidin.
    Authors: Tanno T, Bhanu NV, Oneal PA, Goh SH, Staker P, Lee YT, Moroney JW, Reed CH, Luban NL, Wang RH, Eling TE, Childs R, Ganz T, Leitman SF, Fucharoen S, Miller JL
    Nat. Med., 2007;13(9):1096-101.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  46. Bone response and mechanical strength of rabbit femoral defects filled with injectable CaP cements containing TGF-beta 1 loaded gelatin microparticles.
    Authors: Link DP, van den Dolder J, van den Beucken JJ, Wolke JG, Mikos AG, Jansen JA
    Biomaterials, 2007;29(6):675-82.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: In Vivo
  47. TGF-beta and IL-6 drive the production of IL-17 and IL-10 by T cells and restrain T(H)-17 cell-mediated pathology.
    Authors: McGeachy MJ, Bak-Jensen KS, Chen Y, Tato CM, Blumenschein W, McClanahan T, Cua DJ
    Nat. Immunol., 2007;8(12):1390-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  48. Activation of transforming growth factor-beta by the integrin alphavbeta8 delays epithelial wound closure.
    Authors: Neurohr C, Nishimura SL, Sheppard D
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2006;35(2):252-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  49. Advanced glycation end products decrease mesangial cell MMP-7: a role in matrix accumulation in diabetic nephropathy?
    Authors: McLennan SV, Kelly DJ, Schache M, Waltham M, Dy V, Langham RG, Yue DK, Gilbert RE
    Kidney Int., 2007;72(4):481-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  50. Transforming growth factor-beta stimulates intestinal epithelial focal adhesion kinase synthesis via smad- and p38-dependent mechanisms.
    Authors: Walsh MF, Ampasala DR, Hatfield J, Vander Heide R, Suer S, Rishi AK, Basson MD
    Am. J. Pathol., 2008;173(2):385-99.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  51. Fibroblasts derive from hepatocytes in liver fibrosis via epithelial to mesenchymal transition.
    Authors: Zeisberg M, Yang C, Martino M, Duncan MB, Rieder F, Tanjore H, Kalluri R
    J. Biol. Chem., 2007;282(32):23337-47.
  52. Microsatellite unstable colorectal cancer cell lines with truncating TGFbetaRII mutations remain sensitive to endogenous TGFbeta.
    Authors: Baker K, Raut P, Jass JR
    J. Pathol., 2007;213(3):257-65.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  53. IL-17E upregulates the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in lung fibroblasts.
    Authors: Létuvé S, Lajoie-Kadoch S, Audusseau S, Rothenberg ME, Fiset PO, Ludwig MS, Hamid Q
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2006;117(3):590-6.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  54. Differential gene expression and regulation of the bone morphogenetic protein antagonists follistatin and gremlin in normal and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes and synovial fibroblasts.
    Authors: Tardif G, Hum D, Pelletier JP, Boileau C, Ranger P, Martel-Pelletier J
    Arthritis Rheum., 2004;50(8):2521-30.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  55. Isolation of a novel population of multipotent adult stem cells from human hair follicles.
    Authors: Yu H, Fang D, Kumar SM, Li L, Nguyen TK, Acs G, Herlyn M, Xu X
    Am. J. Pathol., 2006;168(6):1879-88.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  56. Expression of PDGF and their receptors in human retinal pigment epithelial cells and fibroblasts: regulation by TGF-beta.
    Authors: Nagineni CN, Kutty V, Detrick B, Hooks JJ
    J. Cell. Physiol., 2005;203(1):35-43.
  57. Specific signals involved in the long-term maintenance of radiation-induced fibrogenic differentiation: a role for CCN2 and low concentration of TGF-beta1.
    Authors: Haydont V, Riser BL, Aigueperse J, Vozenin-Brotons MC
    Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2008;294(6):C1332-41.
  58. Suppression of in vivo tumorigenicity of rat hepatoma cell line KDH-8 cells by soluble TGF-beta receptor type II.
    Authors: Zhao W, Kobayashi M, Ding W, Yuan L, Seth P, Cornain S, Wang J, Okada F, Hosokawa M
    Cancer Immunol. Immunother., 2002;51(7):381-8.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  59. Metastable tolerance to rhesus monkey renal transplants is correlated with allograft TGF-beta 1+CD4+ T regulatory cell infiltrates.
    Authors: Torrealba JR, Katayama M, Fechner JH, Jankowska-Gan E, Kusaka S, Schultz JM, Hu H, Hamawy MM, Jonker M, Wubben J, Doxiadis G, Bontrop R, Burlingham WJ, Knechtle SJ
    J. Immunol., 2004;172(9):5753-64.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  60. Normalizing the bone marrow microenvironment with p38 inhibitor reduces multiple myeloma cell proliferation and adhesion and suppresses osteoclast formation.
    Authors: Nguyen AN, Stebbins EG, Henson M, O&amp;amp;apos;Young G, Choi SJ, Quon D, Damm D, Reddy M, Ma JY, Haghnazari E, Kapoun AM, Medicherla S, Protter A, Schreiner GF, Kurihara N, Anderson J, Roodman GD, Navas TA, Higgins LS
    Exp. Cell Res., 2006;312(10):1909-23.
  61. Wnt3a gradient converts radial to bilateral feather symmetry via topological arrangement of epithelia.
    Authors: Yue Z, Jiang TX, Widelitz RB, Chuong CM
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2006;103(0):951-5.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: In Vivo
  62. Transforming growth factor-beta1 regulation of growth zone chondrocytes is mediated by multiple interacting pathways.
    Authors: Rosado E, Schwartz Z, Sylvia VL, Dean DD, Boyan BD
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2002;1590(1):1-15.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  63. Induction of a hypertrophic growth status of coronary smooth muscle cells is associated with an overexpression of TGF-beta.
    Authors: Schmidt A, Gopfert C, Vlodavsky I, Volker W, Buddecke E
    Eur. J. Cell Biol., 2002;81(3):138-44.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  64. Transforming growth factor beta signaling overcomes dasatinib resistance in lung cancer.
    Authors: Gordian E, Li J, Pevzner Y, Mediavilla-Varela M, Luddy K, Ohaegbulam K, Daniel K, Haura E, Munoz-Antonia T
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(12):e114131.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  65. Bradykinin potentiates cytokine-induced prostaglandin biosynthesis in osteoblasts by enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase 2, resulting in increased RANKL expression.
    Authors: Brechter AB, Lerner UH
    Arthritis Rheum., 2007;56(3):910-23.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  66. Vascular endothelial growth factor can signal through platelet-derived growth factor receptors.
    Authors: Ball SG, Shuttleworth CA, Kielty CM
    J. Cell Biol., 2007;177(3):489-500.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  67. Identification of Axl as a downstream effector of TGF-beta1 during Langerhans cell differentiation and epidermal homeostasis.
    J. Exp. Med., 2012;209(11):2033-47.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  68. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor regulates human extravillous cytotrophoblast development during conversion to the invasive phenotype.
    Authors: Leach RE, Kilburn B, Wang J, Liu Z, Romero R, Armant DR
    Dev. Biol., 2004;266(2):223-37.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  69. Targeting Axl with an high-affinity inhibitory aptamer.
    Authors: Cerchia, Laura, Esposito, Carla L, Camorani, Simona, Rienzo, Anna, Stasio, Loredana, Insabato, Luigi, Affuso, Andrea, de Franciscis, Vittorio
    Mol Ther, 2012;20(12):2291-303.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  70. Identification of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) as an instructive factor for human epidermal Langerhans cell differentiation.
    Authors: Yasmin N, Bauer T, Modak M, Wagner K, Schuster C, Koffel R, Seyerl M, Stockl J, Elbe-Burger A, Graf D, Strobl H
    J Exp Med, 2013;210(12):2597-610.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  71. An autocrine TGF-beta/ZEB/miR-200 signaling network regulates establishment and maintenance of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
    Authors: Gregory PA, Bracken CP, Smith E, Bert AG, Wright JA, Roslan S, Morris M, Wyatt L, Farshid G, Lim YY, Lindeman GJ, Shannon MF, Drew PA, Khew-Goodall Y, Goodall GJ
    Mol. Biol. Cell, 2011;22(10):1686-98.
    Species: Canine
    Application: Bioassay
  72. Foxm1 transcription factor is required for lung fibrosis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.
    Authors: Balli D, Ustiyan V, Zhang Y, Wang I, Masino A, Ren X, Whitsett J, Kalinichenko V, Kalin T
    EMBO J, 2013;32(2):231-44.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  73. Interleukin-4 induces the activation and collagen production of cultured human intrahepatic fibroblasts via the STAT-6 pathway.
    Authors: Aoudjehane L, Pissaia A, Scatton O, Podevin P, Massault PP, Chouzenoux S, Soubrane O, Calmus Y, Conti F
    Lab. Invest., 2008;88(9):973-85.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  74. Basigin/CD147 promotes renal fibrosis after unilateral ureteral obstruction.
    Authors: Kato N, Kosugi T, Sato W, Ishimoto T, Kojima H, Sato Y, Sakamoto K, Maruyama S, Yuzawa Y, Matsuo S, Kadomatsu K
    Am. J. Pathol., 2011;178(2):572-9.
  75. IL-22 regulates the expression of genes responsible for antimicrobial defense, cellular differentiation, and mobility in keratinocytes: a potential role in psoriasis.
    Authors: Wolk K, Witte E, Wallace E, Docke WD, Kunz S, Asadullah K, Volk HD, Sterry W, Sabat R
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2006;36(5):1309-23.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  76. Transcriptional regulation of SM22alpha by Wnt3a: convergence with TGFbeta(1)/Smad signaling at a novel regulatory element.
    Authors: Shafer SL, Towler DA
    J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2009;46(5):621-35.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  77. Transglutaminase 2 limits murine peritoneal acute gout-like inflammation by regulating macrophage clearance of apoptotic neutrophils.
    Authors: Rose DM, Sydlaske AD, Agha-Babakhani A, Johnson K, Terkeltaub R
    Arthritis Rheum., 2006;54(10):3363-71.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  78. TNF-like ligand 1A (TL1A) gene knockout leads to ameliorated collagen-induced arthritis in mice: implication of TL1A in humoral immune responses.
    Authors: Wang X, Hu Y, Charpentier T, Lamarre A, Qi S, Wu J, Luo H
    J Immunol, 2013;191(11):5420-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: cell culture
  79. Integrin alpha3beta1 potentiates TGFbeta-mediated induction of MMP-9 in immortalized keratinocytes.
    Authors: Lamar JM, Iyer V, DiPersio CM
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2007;128(3):575-86.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  80. Regulation of SDF-1 (CXCL12) production by osteoblasts; a possible mechanism for stem cell homing.
    Authors: Jung Y, Wang J, Schneider A, Sun YX, Koh-Paige AJ, Osman NI, McCauley LK, Taichman RS
    Bone, 2006;38(4):497-508.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  81. alpha vbeta 6 Integrin promotes the invasion of morphoeic basal cell carcinoma through stromal modulation.
    Authors: Marsh D, Dickinson S, Neill GW, Marshall JF, Hart IR, Thomas GJ
    Cancer Res., 2008;68(9):3295-303.
  82. NFIL3/E4BP4 controls type 2 T helper cell cytokine expression.
    Authors: Kashiwada M, Cassel SL, Colgan JD
    EMBO J., 2011;30(10):2071-82.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  83. Tumor Microenvironment Macrophage Inhibitory Factor Directs the Accumulation of Interleukin-17-producing Tumor-infiltrating Lymphocytes and Predicts Favorable Survival in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients.
    Authors: Li J, Mo H, Xiong G, Zhang L, He J, Huang Z, Liu Z, Chen Q, Du Z, Zheng L, Qian C, Zeng Y
    J Biol Chem, 2012;287(42):35484-95.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  84. A potential role of thymic stromal lymphopoietin in the recruitment of macrophages to mouse intervertebral disc cells via monocyte chemotactic protein 1 induction: implications for herniated discs.
    Authors: Ohba T, Haro H, Ando T, Koyama K, Hatsushika K, Suenaga F, Ohnuma Y, Nakamura Y, Katoh R, Ogawa H, Hamada Y, Nakao A
    Arthritis Rheum., 2008;58(11):3510-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  85. Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) sequentially shapes the NK cell repertoire during the course of asymptomatic infection and Kaposi sarcoma.
    Authors: Dupuy S, Lambert M, Zucman D, Choukem SP, Tognarelli S, Pages C, Lebbe C, Caillat-Zucman S
    PLoS Pathog., 2012;8(1):e1002486.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  86. Inhibitory effects of PPARgamma ligands on TGF-beta1-induced corneal myofibroblast transformation.
    Authors: Jeon K, Kulkarni A, Woeller C, Phipps R, Sime P, Hindman H, Huxlin K
    Am J Pathol, 2014;184(5):1429-45.
    Species: Feline
    Application: Bioassay
  87. The type I IFN induction pathway constrains Th17-mediated autoimmune inflammation in mice.
    Authors: Guo B, Chang EY, Cheng G
    J. Clin. Invest., 2008;118(5):1680-90.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  88. GLI1 is regulated through Smoothened-independent mechanisms in neoplastic pancreatic ducts and mediates PDAC cell survival and transformation.
    Authors: Nolan-Stevaux O, Lau J, Truitt ML, Chu GC, Hebrok M, Fernandez-Zapico ME, Hanahan D
    Genes Dev., 2009;23(1):24-36.
  89. Chondrocyte response to growth factors is modulated by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibition.
    Authors: Studer RK, Bergman R, Stubbs T, Decker K
    Arthritis Res. Ther., 2004;6(1):R56-R64.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: Bioassay
  90. Tumor-specific Th17-polarized cells eradicate large established melanoma.
    Authors: Muranski P, Boni A, Antony PA, Cassard L, Irvine KR, Kaiser A, Paulos CM, Palmer DC, Touloukian CE, Ptak K, Gattinoni L, Wrzesinski C, Hinrichs CS, Kerstann KW, Feigenbaum L, Chan CC, Restifo NP
    Blood, 2008;112(2):362-73.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  91. Tyrosine 23 phosphorylation-dependent cell-surface localization of annexin A2 is required for invasion and metastases of pancreatic cancer.
    Authors: Zheng L, Foley K, Huang L, Leubner A, Mo G, Olino K, Edil BH, Mizuma M, Sharma R, Le DT, Anders RA, Illei PB, Van Eyk JE, Maitra A, Laheru D, Jaffee EM
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(4):e19390.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  92. Repeated exposure induces periportal fibrosis in Schistosoma mansoni-infected baboons: role of TGF-beta and IL-4.
    Authors: Farah IO, Mola PW, Kariuki TM, Nyindo M, Blanton RE, King CL
    J. Immunol., 2000;164(10):5337-43.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  93. Cytokine milieu modulates release of thymic stromal lymphopoietin from human keratinocytes stimulated with double-stranded RNA.
    Authors: Kinoshita H, Takai T, Le TA, Kamijo S, Wang XL, Ushio H, Hara M, Kawasaki J, Vu AT, Ogawa T, Gunawan H, Ikeda S, Okumura K, Ogawa H
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2009;123(1):179-86.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  94. Activin A skews macrophage polarization by promoting a proinflammatory phenotype and inhibiting the acquisition of anti-inflammatory macrophage markers.
    Authors: Sierra-Filardi E, Puig-Kroger A, Blanco FJ, Nieto C, Bragado R, Palomero MI, Bernabeu C, Vega MA, Corbi AL
    Blood, 2011;117(19):5092-101.
  95. Contribution of IL-17-producing gamma delta T cells to the efficacy of anticancer chemotherapy.
    Authors: Ma Y, Aymeric L, Locher C, Mattarollo SR, Delahaye NF, Pereira P, Boucontet L, Apetoh L, Ghiringhelli F, Casares N, Lasarte JJ, Matsuzaki G, Ikuta K, Ryffel B, Benlagha K, Tesniere A, Ibrahim N, Dechanet-Merville J, Chaput N, Smyth MJ, Kroemer G, Zitvogel L
    J. Exp. Med., 2011;208(3):491-503.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  96. Prostaglandin E2 regulates Th17 cell differentiation and function through cyclic AMP and EP2/EP4 receptor signaling.
    Authors: Boniface K, Bak-Jensen KS, Li Y, Blumenschein WM, McGeachy MJ, McClanahan TK, McKenzie BS, Kastelein RA, Cua DJ, de Waal Malefyt R
    J. Exp. Med., 2009;206(3):535-48.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  97. Down-regulation of Kruppel-like Factor-4 (KLF4) by MicroRNA-143/145 Is Critical for Modulation of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Phenotype by Transforming Growth Factor-{beta} and Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4.
    Authors: Davis-Dusenbery BN, Chan MC, Reno KE, Weisman AS, Layne MD, Lagna G, Hata A
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(32):28097-110.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  98. C-reactive protein promotes diabetic kidney disease in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes.
    Authors: Liu F, Chen HY, Huang XR, Chung AC, Zhou L, Fu P, Szalai AJ, Lan HY
    Diabetologia, 2011;54(10):2713-23.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  99. Midkine-deficiency delays chondrogenesis during the early phase of fracture healing in mice.
    Authors: Haffner-Luntzer, Melanie, Heilmann, Aline, Rapp, Anna Eli, Beie, Simon, Schinke, Thorsten, Amling, Michael, Ignatius, Anita, Liedert, Astrid
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(12):e116282.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  100. Proteinase-activated receptor (PAR)-2 activation impacts bone resorptive properties of human osteoarthritic subchondral bone osteoblasts.
    Authors: Amiable N, Tat SK, Lajeunesse D, Duval N, Pelletier JP, Martel-Pelletier J, Boileau C
    Bone, 2009;44(6):1143-50.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  101. Induction of latency-associated peptide (transforming growth factor-beta(1)) expression on CD4+ T cells reduces Toll-like receptor 4 ligand-induced tumour necrosis factor-alpha production in a transforming growth factor-beta-dependent manner.
    Authors: Boswell S, Sharif S, Alisa A, Pereira SP, Williams R, Behboudi S
    Immunology, 2011;133(3):278-87.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  102. Myogenic growth factors can decrease extraocular muscle force generation: a potential biological approach to the treatment of strabismus.
    Authors: Anderson BC, Christiansen SP, McLoon LK
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2008;49(1):221-9.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: In Vivo
  103. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 is elevated in patients with chronic liver disease and exerts fibrogenic effects on human hepatic stellate cells.
    Authors: Tacke F, Gabele E, Bataille F, Schwabe RF, Hellerbrand C, Klebl F, Straub RH, Luedde T, Manns MP, Trautwein C, Brenner DA, Scholmerich J, Schnabl B
    Dig. Dis. Sci., 2007;52(12):3404-15.
  104. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase mediates inhibition of Th17 differentiation via catabolism of endogenous aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands.
    Authors: Stephens G, Wang Q, Swerdlow B, Bhat G, Kolbeck R, Fung M
    Eur J Immunol, 2013;43(7):1727-34.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: cell culture
  105. Host-derived MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha regulate protective anti-tumor immunity to localized and metastatic B16 melanoma.
    Authors: Nakasone Y, Fujimoto M, Matsushita T, Hamaguchi Y, Huu DL, Yanaba M, Sato S, Takehara K, Hasegawa M
    Am. J. Pathol., 2012;180(1):365-74.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  106. Neuronal TGF-beta1 mediates IL-9/mast cell interaction and exacerbates excitotoxicity in newborn mice.
    Authors: Mesples B, Fontaine RH, Lelievre V, Launay JM, Gressens P
    Neurobiol. Dis., 2005;18(1):193-205.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  107. Enhanced apoptotic cell clearance capacity and B cell survival factor production by IL-10-activated macrophages: implications for Burkitt's lymphoma.
    Authors: Pound JD, Batth BK, Johannessen I, Wood K
    J. Immunol., 2005;174(5):3015-23.
  108. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 regulates integrin alphavbeta3 expression and autocrine transforming growth factor beta signaling.
    Authors: Pedroja BS, Kang LE, Imas AO, Carmeliet P, Bernstein AM
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(0):20708.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  109. Growth factor regulation of growth factors in articular chondrocytes.
    Authors: Shi S, Mercer S, Eckert GJ, Trippel SB
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(11):6697-704.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  110. Cell adhesion molecules regulate fibrotic process via Th1/Th2/Th17 cell balance in a bleomycin-induced scleroderma model.
    Authors: Yoshizaki A, Yanaba K, Iwata Y
    J. Immunol., 2010;185(4):2502-15.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  111. TLR3- and Th2 cytokine-dependent production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin in human airway epithelial cells.
    Authors: Kato A, Favoreto S, Avila PC, Schleimer RP
    J. Immunol., 2007;179(2):1080-7.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  112. Progenitor-like traits contribute to patient survival and prognosis in oligodendroglial tumors.
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2012;18(15):4122-35.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  113. Influenza promotes collagen deposition via alphavbeta6 integrin-mediated transforming growth factor beta activation.
    Authors: Jolly L, Stavrou A, Vanderstoken G, Meliopoulos V, Habgood A, Tatler A, Porte J, Knox A, Weinreb P, Violette S, Hussell T, Kolb M, Stampfli M, Schultz-Cherry S, Jenkins G
    J Biol Chem, 2014;289(51):35246-63.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  114. Differential glycosylation of TH1, TH2 and TH-17 effector cells selectively regulates susceptibility to cell death.
    Authors: Toscano MA, Bianco GA, Ilarregui JM, Croci DO, Correale J, Hernandez JD, Zwirner NW, Poirier F, Riley EM, Baum LG, Rabinovich GA
    Nat. Immunol., 2007;8(8):825-34.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  115. Multipotent adult progenitor cells from swine bone marrow.
    Authors: Zeng L, Rahrmann E, Hu Q, Lund T, Sandquist L, Felten M, O'Brien TD, O'Brien TD, Zhang J, Verfaillie C
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(11):2355-66.
    Species: Porcine
    Application: Bioassay
  116. IL-26 Is Overexpressed in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Induces Proinflammatory Cytokine Production and Th17 Cell Generation.
    Authors: Corvaisier M, Delneste Y, Jeanvoine H, Preisser L, Blanchard S, Garo E, Hoppe E, Barre B, Audran M, Bouvard B, Saint-Andre J, Jeannin P
    PLoS Biol, 2012;10(9):e1001395.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  117. Expression of the HGF receptor c-met by macrophages in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
    Authors: Moransard M, Sawitzky M, Fontana A, Suter T
    Glia, 2010;58(5):559-71.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  118. Quantification, localization, and expression of IGF-I and TGF-beta1 during growth factor-stimulated fracture healing.
    Authors: Brenner N, Huning M, Stange R
    Calcif. Tissue Int., 2004;74(4):388-97.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  119. Regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in human colon cancer by insulin-like growth factor-I.
    Authors: Akagi Y, Liu W, Zebrowski B, Xie K, Ellis LM
    Cancer Res., 1998;58(17):4008-14.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  120. Transcription factor Dlx2 protects from TGFbeta-induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis.
    Authors: Yilmaz M, Maass D, Tiwari N, Waldmeier L, Schmidt P, Lehembre F, Christofori G
    EMBO J., 2011;30(21):4489-99.
    Species: Mouse
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  121. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 augment transforming growth factor-beta actions in human renal carcinoma cells.
    Authors: Rosendahl AH, Forsberg G
    Kidney Int., 2006;70(9):1584-90.
  122. CD69 regulates type I IFN-induced tolerogenic signals to mucosal CD4 T cells that attenuate their colitogenic potential.
    Authors: Radulovic K, Manta C, Rossini V, Holzmann K, Kestler HA, Wegenka UM, Nakayama T, Niess JH
    J. Immunol., 2012;188(4):2001-13.
    Species: Mouse
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  123. Vitamin A metabolites induce gut-homing FoxP3+ regulatory T cells.
    Authors: Kang SG, Lim HW, Andrisani OM, Broxmeyer HE, Kim CH
    J. Immunol., 2007;179(6):3724-33.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  124. Homeostatic role of transforming growth factor-beta in the oral cavity and esophagus of mice and its expression by mast cells in these tissues.
    Authors: Vitsky A, Waire J, Pawliuk R, Bond A, Matthews D, Lacasse E, Hawes ML, Nelson C, Richards S, Piepenhagen PA, Garman RD, Andrews L, Thurberg BL, Lonning S, Ledbetter S, Ruzek MC
    Am. J. Pathol., 2009;174(6):2137-49.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  125. Engagement of the type I interferon receptor on dendritic cells inhibits T helper 17 cell development: role of intracellular osteopontin.
    Authors: Shinohara ML, Kim JH, Garcia VA, Cantor H
    Immunity, 2008;29(1):68-78.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  126. Crucial role of interleukin-7 in T helper type 17 survival and expansion in autoimmune disease.
    Authors: Liu X, Leung S, Wang C, Tan Z, Wang J, Guo TB, Fang L, Zhao Y, Wan B, Qin X, Lu L, Li R, Pan H, Song M, Liu A, Hong J, Lu H, Zhang JZ
    Nat. Med., 2010;16(2):191-7.
    Species: Mouse
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  127. Development and characterisation of an assay for furin activity.
    Authors: Bourne GL, Grainger DJ
    J. Immunol. Methods, 2011;364(1):101-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  128. Role of Smad proteins in resistance to BMP-induced growth inhibition in B-cell lymphoma.
    Authors: Huse K, Bakkebo M, Walchli S, Oksvold M, Hilden V, Forfang L, Bredahl M, Liestol K, Alizadeh A, Smeland E, Myklebust J
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(10):e46117.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  129. Impairment of the antifibrotic effect of hepatocyte growth factor in lung fibroblasts from African Americans: possible role in systemic sclerosis.
    Authors: Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Highland KB, Hant F, Nietert PJ, Singleton CB, Feghali-Bostwick CA, Silver RM
    Arthritis Rheum., 2007;56(7):2432-42.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  130. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor deficiency in T cells suppresses the development of collagen-induced arthritis.
    Authors: Nakahama T, Kimura A, Nguyen NT, Chinen I, Hanieh H, Nohara K, Fujii-Kuriyama Y, Kishimoto T
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2011;108(34):14222-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  131. Role of IGF-1 pathway in lung fibroblast activation.
    Authors: Hung C, Rohani M, Lee S, Chen P, Schnapp L
    Respir Res, 2013;14(0):102.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: cell culture
  132. Epidermal receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand controls Langerhans cells numbers and proliferation.
    Authors: Barbaroux JB, Beleut M, Brisken C, Mueller CG, Groves RW
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(2):1103-8.
    Species: Human
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  133. Loss of transforming growth factor counteraction on interleukin 1 mediated effects in cartilage of old mice.
    Authors: Scharstuhl A, van Beuningen HM, Vitters EL, van der Kraan PM, van den Berg WB
    Ann. Rheum. Dis., 2002;61(12):1095-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  134. Protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha mediates profibrotic signaling in lung fibroblasts through TGF-beta responsiveness.
    Authors: Aschner Y, Khalifah A, Briones N, Yamashita C, Dolgonos L, Young S, Campbell M, Riches D, Redente E, Janssen W, Henson P, Sap J, Vacaresse N, Kapus A, McCulloch C, Zemans R, Downey G
    Am J Pathol, 2014;184(5):1489-502.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  135. Role of Tim-3/galectin-9 inhibitory interaction in viral-induced immunopathology: shifting the balance toward regulators.
    Authors: Sehrawat S, Suryawanshi A, Hirashima M, Rouse BT
    J. Immunol., 2009;182(5):3191-201.
    Species: Mouse
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  136. Transforming growth factor beta1 expression and activation is increased in the alcoholic rat lung.
    Authors: Bechara RI, Brown LA, Roman J, Joshi PC, Guidot DM
    Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2004;170(2):188-94.
    Species: Mink
    Application: Bioassay
  137. The encephalitogenicity of T(H)17 cells is dependent on IL-1- and IL-23-induced production of the cytokine GM-CSF.
    Authors: El-Behi M, Ciric B, Dai H
    Nat. Immunol., 2011;12(6):568-75.
  138. Differentiation of human circulating fibrocytes as mediated by transforming growth factor-beta and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma.
    Authors: Hong KM, Belperio JA, Keane MP, Burdick MD, Strieter RM
    J. Biol. Chem., 2007;282(31):22910-20.
  139. Chemerin expression marks early psoriatic skin lesions and correlates with plasmacytoid dendritic cell recruitment.
    Authors: Albanesi C, Scarponi C, Pallotta S, Daniele R, Bosisio D, Madonna S, Fortugno P, Gonzalvo-Feo S, Franssen JD, Parmentier M, De Pita O, Girolomoni G, Sozzani S
    J. Exp. Med., 2009;206(1):249-58.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  140. Staphylococcal nuclease domain containing-1 (SND1) promotes migration and invasion via angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and TGFbeta signaling.
    Authors: Santhekadur P, Akiel M, Emdad L, Gredler R, Srivastava J, Rajasekaran D, Robertson C, Mukhopadhyay N, Fisher P, Sarkar D
    FEBS Open Bio, 2014;4(0):353-61.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  141. Natural and induced CD4+CD25+ cells educate CD4+CD25- cells to develop suppressive activity: the role of IL-2, TGF-beta, and IL-10.
    Authors: Zheng SG, Wang JH, Gray JD, Soucier H, Horwitz DA
    J. Immunol., 2004;172(9):5213-21.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  142. The anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic role of mesenchymal stem cells in corneal wound healing following chemical injury.
    Authors: Oh JY, Kim MK, Shin MS, Lee HJ, Ko JH, Wee WR, Lee JH
    Stem Cells, 2008;26(4):1047-55.
    Species: Rat
    Application: ELISA development
  143. Mast cell-dependent contraction of human airway smooth muscle cell-containing collagen gels: influence of cytokines, matrix metalloproteases, and serine proteases.
    Authors: Margulis A, Nocka KH, Brennan AM, Deng B, Fleming M, Goldman SJ, Kasaian MT
    J. Immunol., 2009;183(3):1739-50.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  144. Abnormal activation and cytokine spectra in lymph nodes of people chronically infected with HIV-1.
    Authors: Biancotto A, Grivel JC, Iglehart SJ, Vanpouille C, Lisco A, Sieg SF, Debernardo R, Garate K, Rodriguez B, Margolis LB, Lederman MM
    Blood, 2007;109(10):4272-9.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  145. A profibrotic function of IL-12p40 in experimental pulmonary fibrosis.
    Authors: Huaux F, Arras M, Tomasi D, Barbarin V, Delos M, Coutelier JP, Vink A, Phan SH, Renauld JC, Lison D
    J. Immunol., 2002;169(5):2653-61.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  146. H3K9 methylation is a barrier during somatic cell reprogramming into iPSCs.
    Authors: Chen, Jiekai, Liu, He, Liu, Jing, Qi, Jing, Wei, Bei, Yang, Jiaqi, Liang, Hanquan, Chen, You, Chen, Jing, Wu, Yaran, Guo, Lin, Zhu, Jieying, Zhao, Xiangjie, Peng, Tianran, Zhang, Yixin, Chen, Shen, Li, Xuejia, Li, Dongwei, Wang, Tao, Pei, Duanqing
    Nat Genet, 2013;45(1):34-42.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  147. Regulating human Th17 cells via differential expression of IL-1 receptor.
    Authors: Lee WW, Kang SW, Choi J
    Blood, 2010;115(3):530-40.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  148. Robust tumor immunity to melanoma mediated by interleukin-9-producing T cells.
    Nat. Med., 2012;1248(0):18.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  149. IL-22 increases the innate immunity of tissues.
    Authors: Wolk K, Kunz S, Witte E, Friedrich M, Asadullah K, Sabat R
    Immunity, 2004;21(2):241-54.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  150. Induction of osteoclast-associated receptor, a key osteoclast costimulation molecule, in rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Herman S, Muller RB, Kronke G, Zwerina J, Redlich K, Hueber AJ, Gelse H, Neumann E, Muller-Ladner U, Schett G
    Arthritis Rheum., 2008;58(10):3041-50.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  151. The role of the activin system in keloid pathogenesis.
    Authors: Mukhopadhyay A, Chan SY, Lim IJ, Phillips DJ, Phan TT
    Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2006;292(4):C1331-8.
  152. Kallikrein expression and cathelicidin processing are independently controlled in keratinocytes by calcium, vitamin D(3), and retinoic acid.
    Authors: Morizane S, Yamasaki K, Kabigting FD, Gallo RL
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2010;130(5):1297-306.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  153. Glycogene expression alterations associated with pancreatic cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition in complementary model systems.
    Authors: Maupin KA, Sinha A, Eugster E, Miller J, Ross J, Paulino V, Keshamouni VG, Tran N, Berens M, Webb C, Haab BB
    PLoS ONE, 2010;5(9):e13002.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  154. Evidence of a role for B cell-activating factor of the TNF family in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps.
    Authors: Kato A, Peters A, Suh L, Carter R, Harris KE, Chandra R, Conley D, Grammer LC, Kern R, Schleimer RP
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2008;121(6):1385-92, 1392.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  155. Protein phosphatase 5 modulates SMAD3 function in the transforming growth factor-beta pathway.
    Authors: Bruce D, Macartney T, Yong W, Shou W, Sapkota G
    Cell Signal, 2012;24(11):1999-2006.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  156. Activin A functions as a Th2 cytokine in the promotion of the alternative activation of macrophages.
    Authors: Ogawa K, Funaba M, Chen Y, Tsujimoto M
    J. Immunol., 2006;177(10):6787-94.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  157. Widespread potential for growth-factor-driven resistance to anticancer kinase inhibitors.
    Authors: Wilson TR, Fridlyand J, Yan Y, Penuel E, Burton L, Chan E, Peng J, Lin E, Wang Y, Sosman J, Ribas A, Li J, Moffat J, Sutherlin DP, Koeppen H, Merchant M, Neve R, Settleman J
    Nature, 2012;487(7408):505-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  158. Expression of S100A6 in cardiac myocytes limits apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
    Authors: Tsoporis JN, Izhar S, Parker TG
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(44):30174-83.
  159. Cross-talk between paracrine-acting cytokine and chemokine pathways promotes malignancy in benign human prostatic epithelium.
    Authors: Ao M, Franco OE, Park D, Raman D, Williams K, Hayward SW
    Cancer Res., 2007;67(9):4244-53.
  160. Rapid analysis of inflammatory cytokines in cerebrospinal fluid using chip-based immunoaffinity electrophoresis.
    Authors: Phillips TM
    Electrophoresis, 2004;25(10):1652-9.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Standard
  161. A Local Paracrine and Endocrine Network Involving TGF beta, Cox-2, ROS, and Estrogen Receptor beta Influences Reactive Stromal Cell Regulation of Prostate Cancer Cell Motility.
    Authors: Grubisha MJ, Cifuentes ME, Hammes SR, Defranco DB
    Mol. Endocrinol., 2012;26(6):940-54.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  162. TIM-3: a novel regulatory molecule of alloimmune activation.
    Authors: Boenisch O, D'Addio F, Watanabe T, Elyaman W, Magee CN, Yeung MY, Padera RF, Rodig SJ, Murayama T, Tanaka K, Yuan X, Ueno T, Jurisch A, Mfarrej B, Akiba H, Yagita H, Najafian N
    J. Immunol., 2010;185(10):5806-19.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  163. Nuclear function of Smad7 promotes myogenesis.
    Authors: Miyake T, Alli NS, McDermott JC
    Mol. Cell. Biol., 2010;30(3):722-35.
  164. Transforming growth factor-alpha: a major human serum factor that promotes human keratinocyte migration.
    Authors: Li Y, Fan J, Chen M, Li W, Woodley DT
    J. Invest. Dermatol., 2006;126(9):2096-105.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  165. Antitumor activity of ALK1 in pancreatic carcinoma cells.
    Authors: Ungefroren H, Schniewind B, Groth S, Chen WB, Muerkoster SS, Kalthoff H, Fandrich F
    Int. J. Cancer, 2007;120(8):1641-51.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  166. Local delivery of growth factors from coated titanium plates increases osteotomy healing in rats.
    Authors: Wildemann B, Bamdad P, Holmer Ch, Haas NP, Raschke M, Schmidmaier G
    Bone, 2004;34(5):862-8.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  167. Xanthine oxidoreductase promotes the inflammatory state of mononuclear phagocytes through effects on chemokine expression, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma sumoylation, and HIF-1alpha.
    Authors: Gibbings S, Elkins ND, Fitzgerald H, Tiao J, Weyman ME, Shibao G, Fini MA, Wright RM
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(2):961-75.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  168. Estrogen modulates cutaneous wound healing by downregulating macrophage migration inhibitory factor.
    Authors: Ashcroft GS, Mills SJ, Lei K, Gibbons L, Jeong MJ, Taniguchi M, Burow M, Horan MA, Wahl SM, Nakayama T
    J. Clin. Invest., 2003;111(9):1309-18.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  169. Crucial role of the protein C pathway in governing microvascular inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease.
    Authors: Scaldaferri F, Sans M, Vetrano S, Graziani C, De Cristofaro R, Gerlitz B, Repici A, Arena V, Malesci A, Panes J, Grinnell BW, Danese S
    J. Clin. Invest., 2007;117(7):1951-60.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  170. Interleukin-17 and interferon-gamma are produced concomitantly by human coronary artery-infiltrating T cells and act synergistically on vascular smooth muscle cells.
    Authors: Eid RE, Rao DA, Zhou J, Lo SF, Ranjbaran H, Gallo A, Sokol SI, Pfau S, Pober JS, Tellides G
    Circulation, 2009;119(10):1424-32.
  171. Colorectal cancer cells activate adjacent fibroblasts resulting in FGF1/FGFR3 signaling and increased invasion.
    Authors: Henriksson ML, Edin S, Dahlin AM, Oldenborg PA, Oberg Å, Van Guelpen B, Rutegard J, Stenling R, Palmqvist R
    Am. J. Pathol., 2011;178(3):1387-94.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  172. HIV-1 replication in Langerhans and interstitial dendritic cells is inhibited by neutralizing and Fc-mediated inhibitory antibodies.
    Authors: Peressin M, Holl V, Schmidt S, Decoville T, Mirisky D, Lederle A, Delaporte M, Xu K, Aubertin AM, Moog C
    J. Virol., 2011;85(2):1077-85.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  173. Ocular regulatory T cells distinguish monophasic from recurrent autoimmune uveitis.
    Authors: Ke Y, Jiang G, Sun D, Kaplan HJ, Shao H
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2008;49(9):3999-4007.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  174. Human tumors instigate granulin-expressing hematopoietic cells that promote malignancy by activating stromal fibroblasts in mice.
    Authors: Elkabets M, Gifford AM, Scheel C, Nilsson B, Reinhardt F, Bray MA, Carpenter AE, Jirstrom K, Magnusson K, Ebert BL, Ponten F, Weinberg RA, McAllister SS
    J. Clin. Invest., 2011;121(2):784-99.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  175. Regulation of the IL-21 gene by the NF-kappaB transcription factor c-Rel.
    Authors: Chen G, Hardy K, Bunting K
    J. Immunol., 2010;185(4):2350-9.
  176. Nonmyelinating Schwann cells maintain hematopoietic stem cell hibernation in the bone marrow niche.
    Authors: Yamazaki S, Ema H, Karlsson G, Yamaguchi T, Miyoshi H, Shioda S, Taketo MM, Karlsson S, Iwama A, Nakauchi H
    Cell, 2011;147(5):1146-58.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  177. Production of interleukin 22 but not interleukin 17 by a subset of human skin-homing memory T cells.
    Authors: Duhen T, Geiger R, Jarrossay D, Lanzavecchia A, Sallusto F
    Nat. Immunol., 2009;10(8):857-63.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  178. The injury response of oligodendrocyte precursor cells is induced by platelets, macrophages and inflammation-associated cytokines.
    Authors: Rhodes KE, Raivich G, Fawcett JW
    Neuroscience, 2006;140(1):87-100.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  179. Transforming growth factor-beta1 sensitivity is altered in Abl-Myc- and Raf-Myc-induced mouse pre-B-cell tumors.
    Authors: Letterio J, Rudikoff E, Voong N, Bauer SR
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(12):2611-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  180. Lung-derived mesenchymal stromal cell post-transplantation survival, persistence, paracrine expression, and repair of elastase-injured lung.
    Authors: Hoffman AM, Paxson JA, Mazan MR, Davis AM, Tyagi S, Murthy S, Ingenito EP
    Stem Cells Dev., 2011;20(10):1779-92.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  181. Both Th1 and Th17 are immunopathogenic but differ in other key biological activities.
    Authors: Cox CA, Shi G, Yin H, Vistica BP, Wawrousek EF, Chan CC, Gery I
    J. Immunol., 2008;180(11):7414-22.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  182. Coordinated functions of E-cadherin and transforming growth factor beta receptor II in vitro and in vivo.
    Authors: Andl CD, Fargnoli BB, Okawa T, Bowser M, Takaoka M, Nakagawa H, Klein-Szanto A, Hua X, Herlyn M, Rustgi AK
    Cancer Res., 2006;66(20):9878-85.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  183. IL-2 is essential for TGF-beta to convert naive CD4+CD25- cells to CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and for expansion of these cells.
    Authors: Zheng SG, Wang J, Wang P, Gray JD, Horwitz DA
    J. Immunol., 2007;178(4):2018-27.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  184. Dual roles of IL-4 in lung injury and fibrosis.
    Authors: Huaux F, Liu T, McGarry B, Ullenbruch M, Phan SH
    J. Immunol., 2003;170(4):2083-92.
    Species: Mouse
  185. Effective chemoimmunotherapy with anti-TGFbeta antibody and cyclophosphamide in a mouse model of breast cancer.
    Authors: Chen X, Yang Y, Zhou Q, Weiss J, Howard O, McPherson J, Wakefield L, Oppenheim J
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(1):e85398.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  186. Th2 cytokine regulation of type I collagen gel contraction mediated by human lung mesenchymal cells.
    Authors: Liu X, Kohyama T, Wang H, Zhu YK, Wen FQ, Kim HJ, Romberger DJ, Rennard SI
    Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2002;282(5):L1049-56.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  187. Interferon-gamma reverses the immunosuppressive and protumoral properties and prevents the generation of human tumor-associated macrophages.
    Authors: Duluc D, Corvaisier M, Blanchard S, Catala L, Descamps P, Gamelin E, Ponsoda S, Delneste Y, Hebbar M, Jeannin P
    Int. J. Cancer, 2009;125(2):367-73.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  188. The CC chemokine eotaxin/CCL11 has a selective profibrogenic effect on human lung fibroblasts.
    Authors: Puxeddu I, Bader R, Piliponsky AM, Reich R, Levi-Schaffer F, Berkman N
    J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 2005;117(1):103-10.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  189. Antibody-mediated blockade of integrin alpha v beta 6 inhibits tumor progression in vivo by a transforming growth factor-beta-regulated mechanism.
    Authors: Van Aarsen LA, Leone DR, Ho S, Dolinski BM, McCoon PE, LePage DJ, Kelly R, Heaney G, Rayhorn P, Reid C, Simon KJ, Horan GS, Tao N, Gardner HA, Skelly MM, Gown AM, Thomas GJ, Weinreb PH, Fawell SE, Violette SM
    Cancer Res., 2008;68(2):561-70.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  190. Hic-5 promotes invadopodia formation and invasion during TGF-beta-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
    Authors: Pignatelli J, Tumbarello DA, Schmidt RP, Turner CE
    J. Cell Biol., 2012;197(3):421-37.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  191. CYP7B expression and activity in fibroblast-like synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis: regulation by proinflammatory cytokines.
    Authors: Dulos J, van der Vleuten MA, Kavelaars A, Heijnen CJ, Boots AM
    Arthritis Rheum., 2005;52(3):770-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  192. The transforming growth factor-beta/Smad2,3 signalling axis is impaired in experimental pulmonary hypertension.
    Authors: Zakrzewicz A, Kouri FM, Nejman B, Kwapiszewska G, Hecker M, Sandu R, Dony E, Seeger W, Schermuly RT, Eickelberg O, Morty RE
    Eur. Respir. J., 2007;29(6):1094-104.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  193. Imbalance between pSmad3 and Notch induces CDK inhibitors in old muscle stem cells.
    Authors: Carlson ME, Hsu M, Conboy IM
    Nature, 2008;454(7203):528-32.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  194. Neuropilin-2 Is upregulated in lung cancer cells during TGF-beta1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
    Authors: Nasarre P, Gemmill R, Potiron V, Roche J, Lu X, Baron A, Korch C, Garrett-Mayer E, Lagana A, Howe P, Drabkin H
    Cancer Res, 2013;73(23):7111-21.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  195. TLR2-activated human langerhans cells promote Th17 polarization via IL-1beta, TGF-beta and IL-23.
    Authors: Aliahmadi E, Gramlich R, Grutzkau A, Hitzler M, Kruger M, Baumgrass R, Schreiner M, Wittig B, Wanner R, Peiser M
    Eur. J. Immunol., 2009;39(5):1221-30.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  196. The sensing of environmental stimuli by follicular dendritic cells promotes immunoglobulin A generation in the gut.
    Authors: Suzuki K, Maruya M, Kawamoto S
    Immunity, 2010;33(1):71-83.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  197. Vaccination route that induces transforming growth factor beta production fails to elicit protective immunity against Leishmania donovani infection.
    Authors: Bhowmick S, Mazumdar T, Ali N
    Infect. Immun., 2009;77(4):1514-23.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  198. Isoform specificity of commercially-available anti-TGF-beta antibodies.
    Authors: Mozes MM, Hodics T, Kopp JB
    J. Immunol. Methods, 1999;225(1):87-93.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  199. Deficient TACI expression on B lymphocytes of newborn mice leads to defective Ig secretion in response to BAFF or APRIL.
    Authors: Kanswal S, Katsenelson N, Selvapandiyan A, Bram RJ, Akkoyunlu M
    J. Immunol., 2008;181(2):976-90.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  200. Essential role of Smad3 in infarct healing and in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling.
    Authors: Bujak M, Ren G, Kweon HJ, Dobaczewski M, Reddy A, Taffet G, Wang XF, Frangogiannis NG
    Circulation, 2007;116(19):2127-38.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  201. Growth factors stimulate neointimal cells in vitro and increase the thickness of the neointima formed at the neck of porcine aneurysms treated by embolization.
    Authors: Desfaits AC, Raymond J, Muizelaar JP
    Stroke, 2000;31(0):498-507.
  202. Imatinib mesylate and AMN107 inhibit PDGF-signaling in orbital fibroblasts: a potential treatment for Graves' ophthalmopathy.
    Authors: van Steensel L, Paridaens D, Schrijver B, Dingjan GM, van Daele PL, van Hagen PM, van den Bosch WA, Drexhage HA, Hooijkaas H, Dik WA
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2009;50(7):3091-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  203. TLR-stimulated CD34 stem cell-derived human skin-like and monocyte-derived dendritic cells fail to induce Th17 polarization of naive T cells but do stimulate Th1 and Th17 memory responses.
    Authors: Duraisingham SS, Hornig J, Gotch F, Patterson S
    J. Immunol., 2009;183(4):2242-51.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  204. Human rhinoviruses induce IL-35-producing Treg via induction of B7-H1 (CD274) and sialoadhesin (CD169) on DC.
    Authors: Jindra C
    Eur J Immunol, 2010;40(2):321-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  205. The effect of conditional EFNB1 deletion in the T cell compartment on T cell development and function.
    Authors: Jin W, Qi S, Luo H
    BMC Immunol., 2011;12(0):68.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  206. Stromal-derived factor 1 inhibits the cycling of very primitive human hematopoietic cells in vitro and in NOD/SCID mice.
    Authors: Cashman J, Clark-Lewis I, Eaves A, Eaves C
    Blood, 2002;99(3):792-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  207. A GMCSF and IL-15 fusokine leads to paradoxical immunosuppression in vivo via asymmetrical JAK/STAT signaling through the IL-15 receptor complex.
    Authors: Rafei M, Wu JH, Annabi B, Lejeune L, Francois M, Galipeau J
    Blood, 2007;109(5):2234-42.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  208. Gene expression profiles of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells are modified by cell culture density.
    Authors: Kim D, Lee M, Yoo K, Lee T, Kim H, Jang I, Chun Y, Kim H, Park S, Lee S, Son M, Jung H, Sung K, Koo H
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(1):e83363.
    Species: Human
    Application: cell culture
  209. Pathogenic conversion of Foxp3+ T cells into TH17 cells in autoimmune arthritis.
    Authors: Komatsu N, Okamoto K, Sawa S, Nakashima T, Oh-hora M, Kodama T, Tanaka S, Bluestone J, Takayanagi H
    Nat Med, 2014;20(1):62-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
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