Human LYVE-1 Antibody AF2089: R&D Systems

Human LYVE-1 Antibody

(8 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human LYVE-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 35% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse LYVE-1 and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human CD44 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human LYVE-1
    Ser24-Thr238
    Accession # Q9Y5Y7
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.30 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.25-1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
    In a functional ELISA, 0.4 - 2 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 250 ng/mL of biotinylated Hyaluronan to immobilized Recombinant Human LYVE-1 (Catalog # 2089-LY) coated at 5 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 20 μg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
LYVE‑1 in Human Tonsil. LYVE‑1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using 15 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human LYVE‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2089) overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained with the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Detection of Human LYVE‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human liver and spleen tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.25-1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human LYVE‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2089) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for LYVE‑1 at approximately 60 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 8.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: LYVE-1
Lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan (HA) receptor-1 (LYVE-1) is a receptor of HA, a linear high molecular weight polymer composed of alternating units of D‑glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. HA is found in the extracellular matrix of most animal tissues and in body fluids. It modulates cell behavior and functions during tissue remodeling, development, homeostasis, and disease (1). The turnover of HA (several grams/day in humans) occurs primarily in the lymphatics and liver, the two major clearance systems that catabolize approximately 85% and 15% of HA, respectively (1-3). LYVE-1 shares 41% homology with the other known HA receptor, CD44 (4). The homology between the two proteins increases to 61% within the HA binding domain. The HA binding domain, known as the link module, is a common structural motif found in other HA binding proteins such as link protein, aggrecan and versican (1, 5). Human and mouse LYVE-1 share 69% amino acid sequence identity.

LYVE-1 is primarily expressed on both the luminal and abluminal surfaces of lymphatic vessels (4, 5). In addition, LYVE-1 is also present in normal hepatic blood sinusoidal endothelial cells (6). LYVE-1 mediates the endocytosis of HA and may transport HA from tissue to lymph by transcytosis, delivering HA to lymphatic capillaries for removal and degradation in the regional lymph nodes (5, 7, 8). Because of its restricted expression patterns, LYVE-1, along with other lymphatic proteins such as VEGF R3, podoplanin and the homeobox protein propero-related (Prox-1), constitute a set of markers useful for distinguishing between lymphatic and blood microvasculature (4, 5, 9-11).

  • References:
    1. Knudson, C.B. and W. Knudson (1993) FASEB J. 7:1233.
    2. Evered, D and J. Whelan (1989) Ciba Found. Symp. 143:1.
    3. Laurent, T.C. and J.R.F. Fraser (1992) FASEB J. 6:2397.
    4. Banerji, S. et al. (1999) J. Cell Biol. 144:789.
    5. Prevo, R. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:19420.
    6. Jackson, D.J. et al. (2001)Trends Immunol. 22:317.
    7. Zhou, B. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:37733.
    8. Achen, M. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:548.
    9. Breiteneder-Gellef, S. et al. (1999) Am. J. Pathol. 154:385.
    10. Wiggle, J.T. and G. Oliver (1999) Cell 98:769.
  • Long Name:
    Lymphatic Vessel Endothelial Hyaluronan Receptor 1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    10894 (Human); 114332 (Mouse); 293186 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    cell surface retention sequence binding protein-1; Cell surface retention sequence-binding protein 1; CRSBP1; CRSBP-1; extracellular link domain containing 1; extracellular link domain-containing 1; Extracellular link domain-containing protein 1; HAR; Hyaluronic acid receptor; lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1; lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronic acid receptor 1; LYVE1; LYVE-1; LYVE-1XLKD1; XLKD1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

8 Citations: Showing 1 - 8
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Lymphatic endothelial progenitors originate from plastic myeloid cells activated by toll-like receptor-4
    Authors: LD Volk-Drape, KL Hall, AC Wilber, S Ran
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(6):e0179257.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  2. TGF-?1 Is Present at High Levels in Wound Fluid from Breast Cancer Patients Immediately Post-Surgery, and Is Not Increased by Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT)
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(9):e0162221.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  3. Automated Analysis and Classification of Histological Tissue Features by Multi-Dimensional Microscopic Molecular Profiling.
    Authors: Riordan D, Varma S, West R, Brown P
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(7):e0128975.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
  4. Adrenomedullin blockade suppresses growth of human hormone-independent prostate tumor xenograft in mice.
    Authors: Berenguer-Daize C, Boudouresque F, Bastide C, Tounsi A, Benyahia Z, Acunzo J, Dussault N, Delfino C, Baeza N, Daniel L, Cayol M, Rossi D, El Battari A, Bertin D, Mabrouk K, Martin P, Ouafik L
    Clin Cancer Res, 2013;19(22):6138-50.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  5. An in vivo platform for tumor biomarker assessment.
    Authors: Servais EL, Suzuki K, Colovos C
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(10):e26722.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  6. Effects of acute exercise, exercise training, and diabetes on the expression of lymphangiogenic growth factors and lymphatic vessels in skeletal muscle.
    Authors: Kivela R, Silvennoinen M, Lehti M, Kainulainen H, Vihko V
    Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol., 2007;293(4):H2573-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
  7. The role of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1/ very late activation antigen 4 in endothelial progenitor cell recruitment to rheumatoid arthritis synovium.
    Authors: Silverman MD, Haas CS, Rad AM, Arbab AS, Koch AE
    Arthritis Rheum., 2007;56(6):1817-26.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
  8. Notch alters VEGF responsiveness in human and murine endothelial cells by direct regulation of VEGFR-3 expression.
    Authors: Shawber CJ, Funahashi Y, Francisco E, Vorontchikhina M, Kitamura Y, Stowell SA, Borisenko V, Feirt N, Podgrabinska S, Shiraishi K, Chawengsaksophak K, Rossant J, Accili D, Skobe M, Kitajewski J
    J. Clin. Invest., 2007;117(11):3369-82.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
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