Human Midkine Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF258
Product Details
Citations (1)
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Human Midkine Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human Midkine in Western blots. In this format, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human Pleiotrophin is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant human Midkine (R&D Systems, Catalog # 258-MD)
Lys23-Asp143
Accession # P21741
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Human Midkine (Catalog # 258-MD)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Midkine

Midkine (MK) is a 15 kDa heparin-binding molecule originally cloned during a search for genes preferentially transcribed during retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation. Midkine belongs to a family of neurotrophic and developmentally-regulated heparin-binding molecules consisting of midkine, pleiotrophin (PTN/HBNF/OSF-1/HNGF-8) and the avian midkine homolog, RI-HB (for retinoic acid-inducible heparin-binding protein).

Midkine is a highly basic, nonglycosylated polypeptide that contains five intrachain disulfide bonds. The predicted molecular weight is approximately 13.3 kDa, based on a mature peptide length of 118 amino acid residues in the mouse and 121 amino acid residues in the human. Across species, MK shows 87% identity between the human and murine proteins. Between family members, human MK is approximately 50% identical to human PTN, with conservation of all 10 cysteines. Initial structure-function studies indicate that the C-terminal half of MK contains the principal heparin-binding site plus the molecule’s antigenicity and neurite-promoting sequences; while both the C- and N-termini are necessary for the molecule’s neurotrophic effects. Cells known to produce MK include endothelial cells, fetal astrocytes, renal proximal tubule epithelial cells and Wilms’ (kidney) tumor cells. MK has also been identified in the senile plaques of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. The pattern of expression of midkine during development strongly suggests a role for this factor both in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and in development of the nervous system.

References
  1. Bohlen, P. and I. Kovesdi (1991) Prog. Growth Factor Res. 3:143.
  2. Muramatsu, T. (1993) Int. J. Dev. Biol. 37:183.
Entrez Gene IDs
4192 (Human); 17242 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
Amphiregulin-associated protein; ARAP; MDK; MEK; Midgestation and kidney protein; midkine (neurite growth-promoting factor 2); Midkine; MK1; MKARAP; NEGF2; NEGF2FLJ27379; Neurite outgrowth-promoting factor 2; Neurite outgrowth-promoting protein

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Citation for Human Midkine Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. High levels of urinary midkine in various cancer patients.
    Authors: Ikematsu S, Okamoto K, Yoshida Y, Oda M, Sugano-Nagano H, Ashida K, Kumai H, Kadomatsu K, Muramatsu H, Takashi Muramatsu S, Sakuma
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2003;306(2):329-32.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Urine
    Applications: Western Blot

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