Human Notch-1 Alexa Fluor® 405-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # P46531
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
Human Notch-1 is a 300 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is one of four human Notch homologues involved in developmental processes (1‑3). Notch signaling is important for maintaining stem cells and inducing differentiation, especially in the nervous system and lymphoid tissues (2‑4). Notch can specify binary cell fates; for example, promoting T‑ over B‑cell development from a common precursor (2). More than 50% of human T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T‑ALL) have activating mutations of Notch1 (1, 5). Human Notch-1 is synthesized as a 2556 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains an 18 aa signal sequence, a 1718 aa extracellular domain (ECD) with 36 EGF-like repeats and three Lin-12/Notch repeats (LNR), a 23 aa transmembrane (TM) segment and a 785 aa cytoplasmic domain containing six ankyrin repeats, a glutamine-rich domain and a PEST sequence. The 11th and 12th EGF-like repeats bind ligands including Jagged and Delta-like families in humans (6). O-fucosylation by Fringe family members at a site within this region can inhibit the interaction of Notch with Jagged ligands, thereby promoting Delta-like ligand interactions (7). Notch-1 receptor undergoes post-translational furin-type proteolytic cleavage, forming a heterodimer through interaction of a hydrophobic area C-terminal to the LNR on the 1647 aa ligand-binding extracellular region with the 891 aa transmembrane/cytoplasmic portion (8, 9). Upon ligand binding, additional sequential proteolysis by TNF-converting enzyme (ADAM-17) and the presenilin-dependent gamma -secretase results in the release of the Notch intracellular domain (NICD) which translocates into the nucleus, activating transcription of Notch-responsive genes (10). Human Notch-1 ECD aa 19 - 526, including the first 13 EGF repeats, shows 91% aa identity with corresponding regions of mouse and rat, 89% with canine, and 79% with chicken Notch-1. This region also exhibits 60% aa identity with human Notch-2 and Notch-3.
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- Yoon, K. and N. Gaiano (2005) Nat. Neurosci. 8:709.
- Androutsellis-Theotokis, A. et al. (2006) Nature 442:823.
- Weng, A. P. et al. (2004) Science 306:269.
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- Logeat, F. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:8108.
- Mumm, J.S. and R. Kopan (2000) Dev. Biol. 228:151.
Product Specific Notices
This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.
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