Human TIM-3 Antibody

Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MAB2365R-100
MAB2365R-SP
Detection of TIM‑3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry.
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Human TIM-3 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human TIM-3 in direct ELISAs.
Source
Recombinant Monoclonal Rat IgG2A Clone # 344823R
Purification
Protein A or G purified from cell culture supernatant
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TIM‑3
Ser22-Arg200
Accession # Q8TDQ0.2
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Flow Cytometry
0.25 µg/106 cells
See below
CyTOF-ready
Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Example

Flow Cytometry Detection of TIM-3 antibody in Human PBMCs antibody by Flow Cytometry. View Larger

Detection of TIM‑3 in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stained with (A) Rat Anti-Human TIM-3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2365R) or (B) Rat IgG2A isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB006), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0105B) and Mouse anti-Human CD14 APC-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3832A). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TIM-3

TIM-3 (T cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin domain-3) is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules. TIMs are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with one Ig-like V-type domain and a Ser/Thr-rich mucin stalk (1-3). Mature human TIM-3 consists of a 181 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 78 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). An alternately spliced isoform is truncated following a short substitution after the Ig-like domain. Within the ECD, human TIM-3 shares 58% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat TIM-3. TIM-3 is expressed on the surface of effector T cells (CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ Tc1) but not on helper T cells (CD4+ Th2 and CD8+ Tc2) (4, 5). In chronic inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and some cancers, TIM-3 is upregulated on several other hematopoietic cell types. The Ig domain of TIM-3 interacts with a ligand on resting but not activated Th1 and Th2 cells (5, 6). The glycosylated Ig domain of TIM-3 binds cell-associated galectin-9. This induces TIM-3 Tyr phosphorylation and proapoptotic signaling (7). TIM-3 functions as a negative regulator of Th1 cell activity. Its blockade results in increased IFN-gamma production, Th1 cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (5, 6, 8), regulatory T cell development (5), and increases in macrophage and neutrophil infiltration into sites of inflammation (9).

References
  1. Anderson, A.C. and D.E. Anderson (2006) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 18:665.
  2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.
  3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.
  4. Monney, L. et al. (2002) Nature 415:536.
  5. Sanchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1093.
  6. Sabatos, C.A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1102.
  7. Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:1245.
  8. Koguchi, K. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:1413.
  9. Frisancho-Kiss, S. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 176:6411.
Long Name
T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3
Entrez Gene IDs
84868 (Human); 171285 (Mouse); 363578 (Rat); 479318 (Canine); 102141722 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
CD366; FLJ14428; HAVCR2; HAVcr-2; hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; kidney injury molecule-3; KIM-3; SPTCL; T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3; T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; TIM 3; TIM3 T-cell membrane protein 3; TIM3; TIM-3; TIMD3; TIMD-3; TIMD3KIM-3

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