Human VEGF R3/Flt-4 Antibody

(9 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human VEGF R3 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse VEGF R3 is observed and less than 2% cross-reactivity with recombinant human VEGF R1 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human VEGF R3
    Tyr25-Ile776
    Accession # P35916
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Human VEGF R3/Flt‑4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 349-F4)
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
VEGF R3/Flt‑4 in Human Cervical Squamous Metaplasia. VEGF R3/Flt‑4 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human cervical squamous metaplasia using Human VEGF R3/Flt‑4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF349) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: VEGF R3/Flt-4

VEGF R2 (KDR/Flk-1), VEGF R1 (Flt-1) and VEGF R3 (Flt-4) belong to the class III subfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). All three receptors contain seven immunoglobulin-like repeats in their extracellular domains and kinase insert domains in their intracellular regions. The expression of VEGF R1, 2, and 3 is almost exclusively restricted to the endothelial cells. These receptors are likely to play essential roles in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis.

VEGF R3 cDNA encodes a 1298 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 24 aa residue signal peptide. Mature VEGF R3 is composed of a 751 aa residue extracellular domain, a 22 aa residue transmembrane domain and a 482 aa residue cytoplasmic domain. Both VEGF-C and VEGF-D have been shown to bind and activate VEGF R3 (Flt-4). VEGF R3 is widely expressed in the early embryo but becomes restricted to lymphatic endothelia at later stages of development. It is likely that VEGF R3 may be important for lymph angiogenesis.

  • References:
    1. Ferra, N. and R. Davis-Smyth (1997) Endocrine Reviews 18:4.
  • Long Name:
    Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 3
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2324 (Human); 14257 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    EC 2.7.10; EC 2.7.10.1; FLT4; Flt-4; fms-related tyrosine kinase 4; LMPH1A; PCLFLT41; soluble VEGFR3 variant 1; soluble VEGFR3 variant 2; soluble VEGFR3 variant 3; Tyrosine-protein kinase receptor FLT4; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3; VEGF R3; VEGFR3; VEGFR-3; VEGFR3Fms-like tyrosine kinase 4
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

9 Citations: Showing 1 - 9
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Lymphatic endothelial progenitors originate from plastic myeloid cells activated by toll-like receptor-4
    Authors: LD Volk-Drape, KL Hall, AC Wilber, S Ran
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(6):e0179257.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  2. TGF-?1 Is Present at High Levels in Wound Fluid from Breast Cancer Patients Immediately Post-Surgery, and Is Not Increased by Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT)
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(9):e0162221.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  3. Primary Tumor-Secreted Lymphangiogenic Factors Induce Pre-Metastatic Lymphvascular Niche Formation at Sentinel Lymph Nodes in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
    Authors: Wakisaka N, Hasegawa Y, Yoshimoto S, Miura K, Shiotani A, Yokoyama J, Sugasawa M, Moriyama-Kita M, Endo K, Yoshizaki T
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(12):e0144056.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
  4. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    Authors: Omoto, Itaru, Matsumoto, Masataka, Okumura, Hiroshi, Uchikado, Yasuto, Setoyama, Tetsuro, Kita, Yoshiaki, Owaki, Tetsuhir, Kijima, Yuko, Shinchi, Hiroyuki, Ishigami, Sumiya, Ueno, Shinichi, Natsugoe, Shoji
    Oncol Lett, 2014;7(4):1027-1032.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  5. VEGF-D promotes tumor growth and lymphatic spread in a mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Authors: Thelen A, Scholz A, Benckert C, Von Marschall Z, Schroder M, Wiedenmann B, Neuhaus P, Rosewicz S, Jonas S
    Int. J. Cancer, 2008;122(11):2471-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  6. Cyclooxygenase-2 induces EP1- and HER-2/Neu-dependent vascular endothelial growth factor-C up-regulation: a novel mechanism of lymphangiogenesis in lung adenocarcinoma.
    Authors: Su JL, Shih JY, Yen ML, Jeng YM, Chang CC, Hsieh CY, Wei LH, Yang PC, Kuo ML
    Cancer Res., 2004;64(2):554-64.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  7. All three receptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are expressed on B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells.
    Authors: Bairey O, Boycov O, Kaganovsky E, Zimra Y, Shaklai M, Rabizadeh E
    Leuk. Res., 2004;28(3):243-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: ICC
  8. Malignant mesothelioma growth inhibition by agents that target the VEGF and VEGF-C autocrine loops.
    Authors: Masood R, Kundra A, Zhu S, Xia G, Scalia P, Smith DL, Gill PS
    Int. J. Cancer, 2003;104(5):603-10.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: IP
  9. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-D and its receptor, VEGF receptor 3, as a prognostic factor in endometrial carcinoma.
    Authors: Yokoyama Y, Charnock-Jones DS, Licence D, Yanaihara A, Hastings JM, Holland CM, Emoto M, Sakamoto A, Sakamoto T, Maruyama H, Sato S, Mizunuma H, Smith SK
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2003;9(4):1361-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
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Normal Goat IgG Control

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Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

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