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Mouse CTLA-4 APC-conjugated Antibody

  • Specificity
    Detects mouse CTLA-4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, this antibody does not cross-react with recombinant mouse (rm) CD28, recombinant human CTLA-4, rmICOS, or rmPD-1.
  • Label
    Allophycocyanin
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Flow Cytometry
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
  • Stability & Storage
    Store the unopened product at 2 - 8° C. Do not use past expiration date. Protect from light.
Background: Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated Molecule 4

CTLA-4 and CD28, together with their ligands B7-1 and B7-2, constitute one of the dominant costimulatory pathways that regulate T and B cell responses. CTLA-4 and CD28 are structurally homologous molecules that are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene superfamily. Both CTLA-4 and CD28 are composed of a single Ig V‑like extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain and an intracellular domain. CTLA-4 and CD28 are both expressed on the cell surface as disulfide-linked homodimers or as monomers. The genes encoding these two molecules are closely linked on human chromosome 2. CTLA-4 was originally identified as a gene that was specifically expressed by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. However, CTLA-4 transcripts have since been found in both Th1 and Th2, and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell clones. Whereas, CD28 expression is constitutive on the surfaces of 95% of CD4+ T cells and 50% of CD8+ T cells and is down regulated upon T cell activation, CTLA-4 expression is upregulated rapidly following T cell activation and peaks approximately 24 hours following activation. Although both CTLA-4 and CD28 can bind to the same ligands, CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 and B7-2 with 20-100-fold higher affinity than CD28. The physiological role of CTLA-4 in T cell costimulation is currently being studied. Recombinant human or mouse CTLA-4/Fc chimera preparations produced at R&D Systems have been shown to bind both B7-1 and B7-2 with high affinity and to inhibit CD28 signalling competitively.

  • References:
    1. Lenschow, D.J. et al. (1996) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 14:233.
    2. Hathcock, K.S. and R.J. Hodes (1996) Advances in Immunol. 62:131.
    3. Ward, S.G. (1996) Biochem. J. 318:361.
  • Long Name:
    Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated Molecule 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1493 (Human); 12477 (Mouse);
  • Alternate Names:
    CD; CD152 antigen; CD152IDDM12; CD28; celiac disease 3; CELIAC3; CTLA-4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4; Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase-4; GRD4; GSE; ICOS; ligand and transmembrane spliced cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4
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Order Details

  • Catalog #
    FAB434A

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