Mouse CTLA-4 APC-conjugated Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse CTLA-4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, this antibody does not cross-react with recombinant mouse (rm) CD28, recombinant human CTLA-4, rmICOS, or rmPD-1.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Rat IgG2A Clone # 63828
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse CTLA-4
    Ala36-Phe161
    Accession # XP_001479180
  • Formulation
    Supplied in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
  • Label
    Allophycocyanin
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Flow Cytometry
    10 µL/106 cells
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of CTLA‑4 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes either untreated (A) or treated (B) with Conconavalin A for 72 hours were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse CTLA‑4 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB434A) and Rat Anti-Mouse CD3 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB4841P). Quadrant markers were set based on control antibody staining (Catalog # IC006A). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Protect from light. Do not freeze.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Background: CTLA-4

CTLA-4 (also known as CD152) and CD28, together with their ligands B7-1 and B7-2, constitute one of the dominant costimulatory pathways that regulate T and B cell responses. CTLA-4 and CD28 are structurally homologous molecules that are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene superfamily. Both CTLA-4 and CD28 are composed of a single Ig V‑like extracellular domain, a transmembrane domain and an intracellular domain. CTLA-4 is expressed on the cell surface as either a disulfide-linked homodimer or a 24-26 kDa monomer. CTLA-4 was originally identified as a gene that was specifically expressed by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. However, CTLA-4 transcripts have since been found in both Th1 and Th2, and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell clones. Whereas, CD28 expression is constitutive on the surfaces of 95% of CD4+ T cells and 50% of CD8+ T cells, and is down regulated upon T cell activation, CTLA-4 expression is upregulated rapidly following T cell activation and peaks approximately 24 hours following activation. Although both CTLA-4 and CD28 can bind to the same ligands, CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 and B7-2 with 20-100-fold higher affinity than CD28. The physiological role of CTLA-4 in T cell costimulation is contextually defined. Full-length CTLA-4, when induced and activated, sends an inhibitory signal to the expressing T cell. It also promotes the development of Tc17 cells. Tregs constitutively express CTLA-4, a phenotype that is essential to their function. Over amino acids (aa) 36-161, mouse CTLA-4 shares 94% and 67% aa sequence identity with rat and human CTLA-4, respectively.

  • Long Name:
    Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated Molecule 4
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    1493 (Human); 12477 (Mouse); 102115124 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
  • Alternate Names:
    CD; CD152 antigen; CD152; CD152IDDM12; CD28; celiac disease 3; CELIAC3; CTLA-4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4; Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4; cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase-4; GRD4; GSE; ICOS; ligand and transmembrane spliced cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4
Related Research Areas
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Rat IgG2A Allophycocyanin Isotype Control

Ctrl IC006A 4  
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Staining Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Flow Cytometry Staining Buffer (1X)

Flow FC001 3
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Flow Cytometry Mouse Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC003 1
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Flow Cytometry Human Lyse Buffer (10X)

Flow FC002 1
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