Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Product Details
Citations (1)
Supplemental Products

Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 in ELISAs. In sandwich immunoassays, less than 0.1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human GITR Ligand is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Antigen Affinity-purified
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 2177-GL)
Accession # Q80YG2
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.


Recommended Concentration

Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Antibody (Catalog # MAB2177)

Standard: Recombinant Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 (aa 47-173) Protein (Catalog # 2177-GL)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: GITR Ligand/TNFSF18

Glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor superfamily-related protein ligand (GITRL) is a member of the TNF superfamily (TNFSF) and has been designated TNFSF18. Mouse GITRL cDNA encodes a 173 amino acid (aa) residues type II membrane protein with a C-terminal extracellular domain of 131 aa, an N-terminal cytoplasmic domain of 23 aa and a transmembrane domain of 19 aa. It shares approximately 60% aa sequence identity with human GITRL (2). Mouse GITRL is expressed at high levels in macrophages, dendritic cells and B cells. The expression is transiently up-regulated by LPS stimulation. GITRL binds to the type I transmembrane protein GITR/TNFRSF18, which is a member of the TNF receptor superfamily that is predominantly expressed on CD25+ regulatory CD4+ T cells (Treg). GITR is also expressed on naïve CD4+ CD25- T cells, where its expression is up-regulated after antigen-driven activation (1, 2). Ligation of GITR has been found to induce nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B activation via TNF receptor-associated factor 2. GITRL provides co-stimulatory signals for activated CD4+ CD25- T cells to enhance cell proliferation and augment cytokine production. On CD4+ CD25+ Treg cells, GITRL also provides co-stimulatory signals to induce proliferation, setting Treg cells in an active/hyperproliferactive state that reverses the suppressive function of Treg cells. GITRL-GITR ligation provides important co-stimulatory signals that play important roles in modulating diverse T cell functions (1-4).

  1. Tone, M. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:15059.
  2. Ji, H. et al. (2004) J. Immunology 172:5823.
  3. Kanamaru, F. et al. (2004) J. Immunology 172:7306.
  4. Ronchetti, S. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunology 34:613.
Long Name
Glucocorticoid Induced TNF Receptor Family Related Gene Ligand
Entrez Gene IDs
8995 (Human); 240873 (Mouse); 364031 (Rat)
Alternate Names
Activation-inducible TNF-related ligand; AITRL; AITRLMGC138237; GITR Ligand; GITRL; GITRLglucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related protein ligand; Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand; hGITRLGITR ligand; TL6AITR ligand; TNFSF18; tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 18; tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18

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Citation for Mouse GITR Ligand/TNFSF18 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Ig-reactive CD4+CD25+ T cells from tolerized (New Zealand Black x New Zealand White)F1 mice suppress in vitro production of antibodies to DNA.
    Authors: La Cava A, Ebling FM, Hahn BH
    J. Immunol., 2004-09-01;173(5):3542-8.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry


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