Mouse Kremen-1 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF1647
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Mouse Kremen-1 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Mouse
Specificity
Detects mouse Kremen-1 in ELISAs and Western blots. In sandwich immunoassays, approximately 25% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) Kremen-1 is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with rhKremen-2 and recombinant mouse Kremen-2 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant mouse Kremen‑1
Ala20-Gly395
Accession # NP_115772
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Mouse Kremen‑1 (Catalog # 1647-KR)
Immunohistochemistry
5-15 µg/mL
Immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse embryo (E13.5-15.5)

Mouse Kremen-1 Sandwich Immunoassay

Recommended Concentration
Reagent
ELISA Detection (Matched Antibody Pair)
0.1-0.4 µg/mL 

Use in combination with:

Capture Reagent: Mouse Kremen‑1 Antibody (Catalog # MAB16471)

Standard: Recombinant Mouse Kremen-1 Protein (Catalog # 1647-KR)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
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Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Kremen-1

Kremen (Kringle-containing protein marking the eye and the nose) proteins are type I transmembrane proteins that contain extracellular kringle, WSC and CUB domains and an intracellular region without any conserved motifs (1). Two related members, Kremen-1 and -2, have been identified. Kremens bind a subset of the secreted Dickkopf (Dkk) proteins (Dkk-1, -2, and -4) with high affinity to modulate the canonical Wnt signaling pathway that is transduced by the ternary receptor complex composed of Wnt, the seven-transmembrane domain receptor Frizzled, and the LDL-receptor-related protein 5/6 (LRP5/6) co-receptor (2, 3). Within the Dkk family, Dkk-1 and -4 bind directly to the LRP5/6 co-receptor to antagonize the canonical Wnt/ beta -catenin signaling pathway, but not the planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway that does not involve LRP5/6 (4). In contrast, Dkk-3 has no effect on Wnt signaling and Dkk-2 can function either as an LRP agonist or antagonist, depending on whether the cell expresses Kremen (5). Kremen co-operates with Dkk to antagonize Wnt signaling via formation of a Kremen-Dkk-LRP ternary complex that triggers the internalization and clearance of the complex from the cell surface (3). All three extracellular domains but not the cytoplasmic region of a membrane anchored Kremen are needed for binding to the second cysteine-rich domain of Dkks (3). Mouse Kremen-1 cDNA encodes a 473 amino acid (aa) glycosylated protein with a putative 19 aa signal peptide, a 372 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain and a 60 aa cytoplasmic domain. In the extracellular domain, it shares 92% and 41% amino acid sequence identity with human Kremen-1 and mouse Kremen-2, respectively. Mouse Kremen-1 is widely expressed in diverse embryonic (apical ectodermal ridge of the developing fore- and hindlimb buds, telencephalon and the first brachial arch, myotome and sensory tissues) and adult (lung, heart, kidney, skeletal muscle and testis) tissues (1).

Long Name
Kringle-containing Transmembrane Protein 1
Entrez Gene IDs
83999 (Human); 84035 (Mouse)
Alternate Names
EC 3.4.21; FLJ31863; KREMEM1; kremen protein 1; KREMEN; Kremen1; Kremen-1; kringle containing transmembrane protein 1; kringle containing transmembrane protein; Kringle domain-containing transmembrane protein 1; kringle-coding gene marking the eye and the nose; Kringle-containing protein marking the eye and the nose; KRM1; KRM1Dickkopf receptor

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