Mouse PD-1 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q02242
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of mouse PD‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of EL‑4 mouse lymphoblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Rat Anti-Mouse PD‑1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB77381) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF005). Specific bands were detected for PD‑1 at approximately 55 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Detection of PD-1 in HEK293 Human Cell Line Transfected with Mouse PD-1 and eGFP by Flow Cytometry. HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line transfected with either (A) mouse PD-1 or (B) irrelevant transfectants and eGFP was stained with Rat Anti-Mouse PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB77381) followed by APC-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113). Quadrant markers were set based on isotype control antibody staining (Catalog # MAB006). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Programmed Death-1 (PD-1) is a type I transmembrane protein belonging to the CD28/CTLA-4 family of immunoreceptors that mediate signals for regulating immune responses (1). Other members of this family include CD28, CTLA-4, and ICOS (2-4). PD-1 is most closely related to CTLA-4 and shares approximately 24% amino acid (aa) sequence identity. The mouse PD-1 gene encodes a 288 aa protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide, a 149 aa extracellular region with one immunoglobulin-like V-type domain, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 98 aa cytoplasmic region. The cytoplasmic tail contains two tyrosine residues that form the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif (ITSM) that are important in mediating PD-1 signaling. Mouse and human PD-1 share approximately 69% aa sequence identity. Two B7 family proteins, PD-L1 (also called B7-H1) and PD-L2, have been identified as PD-1 ligands (5, 6). PD-1 is expressed on activated T cells, B cells, myeloid cells, and on a subset of thymocytes. PD-1 deficient mice have a defect in peripheral tolerance and spontaneously develop autoimmune diseases. Binding of PD-1 to PD-L1 or PD-L2 results in the inhibition of TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production as well as BCR-mediated signaling. PD-1 likely has an inhibitory role in regulating immune responses (1-4).
- Ishida, Y. et al. (1992) EMBO J. 11:3887.
- Sharpe, A.H. and G.J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
- Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
- Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:265.
- Latchman Y. et al. (2001) Nat. Immun. 2:261.
- Tamura, H. et al. (2001) Blood 97:1809.
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