Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
MGD150
GDF-15 ELISA Kit ELISA
2 Images
Product Details
Procedure
Citations (10)
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews (1)

Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit Summary

Assay Type
Solid Phase Sandwich ELISA
Format
96-well strip plate
Assay Length
4.5 hours
Sample Type & Volume Required Per Well
Cell Culture Supernates (50 uL), Serum (50 uL), EDTA Plasma (50 uL), Heparin Plasma (50 uL), Urine (10 uL)
Sensitivity
2.2 pg/mL
Assay Range
7.8 - 500 pg/mL (Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma, Urine)
Specificity
Natural mouse and rat GDF-15, recombinant mouse mature GDF-15, precursor GDF-15, and GDF-15/BMP-2 heterodimer. It does not detect monomeric recombinant mouse GDF-15.
Cross-reactivity
< 0.5% cross-reactivity observed with available related molecules.< 50% cross-species reactivity observed with species tested.
Interference
No significant interference observed with available related molecules.

Product Summary

The Quantikine Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Immunoassay is a 4.5 hour solid-phase ELISA designed to measure mouse and rat GDF-15 in cell culture supernates, serum, plasma, and urine. It contains E. coli-expressed recombinant mouse GDF-15 and antibodies raised against the recombinant factor. This immunoassay has been shown to accurately quantitate the recombinant factor. Results obtained using natural mouse or rat GDF-15 showed linear curves that were parallel to the standard curves obtained using the Quantikine kit standards. These results indicate that this kit can be used to determine relative mass values for naturally occurring mouse and rat GDF-15.

Precision

Intra-Assay Precision (Precision within an assay) Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess intra-assay precision
Inter-Assay Precision (Precision between assays) Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty separate assays to assess inter-assay precision. Assays were performed by at least three technicians using two lots of components

Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma, Urine

Intra-Assay Precision Inter-Assay Precision
Sample 1 2 3 1 2 3
n 20 20 20 20 20 20
Mean 25.6 60 190 26.7 63.1 196
Standard Deviation 0.69 1.42 5.49 1.62 2.84 10.7
CV% 2.7 2.4 2.9 6.1 4.5 5.5

Recovery

The recovery of GDF-15 spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated.

Sample Type Average % Recovery Range %
Mouse Cell Culture Media (n=4) 102 91-110
Mouse EDTA Plasma (n=4) 95 81-109
Mouse Heparin Plasma (n=4) 95 87-104
Mouse Serum (n=4) 91 82-101
Mouse Urine (n=4) 97 88-106

Linearity

To assess the linearity of the assay, samples containing and/or spiked with high concentrations of GDF-15 in each matrix were diluted with Calibrator Diluent and assayed.
Mouse/Rat GDF-15 ELISA Linearity

Data Examples

Mouse/Rat GDF-15 ELISA Standard Curve

Product Datasheets

Preparation and Storage

Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: GDF-15

Growth/differentiation factors (GDF-1 to GDF-15) are members of the BMP family of TGF-beta superfamily proteins. They are produced as inactive preproproteins which are then cleaved and assembled into active secreted homodimers. GDF dimers are disulfide-linked with the exception of GDF-3 and -9. GDF proteins are important during embryonic development, particularly in the skeletal, nervous, and muscular systems.

Long Name:
Growth Differentiation Factor 15
Entrez Gene IDs:
9518 (Human); 23886 (Mouse); 29455 (Rat)
Alternate Names:
GDF15; GDF-15; growth differentiation factor 15; growth/differentiation factor 15; Macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1; MIC-1; MIC-1NSAID-activated gene 1 protein; MIC1Prostate differentiation factor; NAG-1; NAG-1NSAID-regulated gene 1 protein; NSAID (nonsteroidal inflammatory drug)-activated protein 1; PDF; PDFGDF-15; PLAB; PLABNRG-1; Placental bone morphogenetic protein; Placental TGF-beta; PTGF-beta; PTGFBPTGF-beta
⚠ WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including N,N-Dimethylforamide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer. For more information, go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.

Assay Procedure

Refer to the product for complete assay procedure.

Bring all reagents and samples to room temperature before use. It is recommended that all samples, standards, and controls be assayed in duplicate.
  1.   Prepare all reagents, standard dilutions, and samples as directed in the product insert.
  2.   Remove excess microplate strips from the plate frame, return them to the foil pouch containing the desiccant pack, and reseal.

  3. 50 µL Assay Diluent
  4.   Add 50 µL of Assay Diluent to each well.

  5. 50 µL Standard, Control, or Sample
  6.   Add 50 µL of Standard, Control, or sample to each well. Cover with a plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 2 hours on a horizontal orbital microplate shaker.
  7.   Aspirate each well and wash, repeating the process 3 times for a total of 4 washes.

  8. 100 µL Conjugate
  9.   Add 100 µL of Conjugate to each well. Cover with a new plate sealer, and incubate at room temperature for 2 hours on the shaker.
  10.   Aspirate and wash 4 times.

  11. 100 µL Substrate Solution
  12.   Add 100 µL Substrate Solution to each well. Incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes on the benchtop. PROTECT FROM LIGHT.

  13. 100 µL Stop Solution
  14.   Add 100 µL of Stop Solution to each well. Read at 450 nm within 30 minutes. Set wavelength correction to 540 nm or 570 nm.

Citations for Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

10 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
Filter your results:

Filter by:

  1. GDF15 deficiency promotes high fat diet-induced obesity in mice
    Authors: T Tran, J Yang, J Gardner, Y Xiong
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(8):e0201584.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Serum
  2. Supraphysiologic Administration of GDF11 Induces Cachexia in Part by Upregulating GDF15
    Authors: JE Jones, SM Cadena, C Gong, X Wang, Z Chen, SX Wang, C Vickers, H Chen, E Lach-Trifi, JR Hadcock, DJ Glass
    Cell Rep, 2018;22(6):1522-1530.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Plasma
  3. Induction of Growth Differentiation Factor 15 in Skeletal Muscle of Old Taurine Transporter Knockout Mouse
    Authors: T Ito, Y Nakanishi, N Yamaji, S Murakami, SW Schaffer
    Biol. Pharm. Bull., 2018;41(3):435-439.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Serum
  4. Partial involvement of Nrf2 in skeletal muscle mitohormesis as an adaptive response to mitochondrial uncoupling
    Authors: V Coleman, P Sa-Nguanmo, J Koenig, TJ Schulz, T Grune, S Klaus, AP Kipp, M Ost
    Sci Rep, 2018;8(1):2446.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Plasma
  5. Fasting exacerbates hepatic growth differentiation factor 15 to promote fatty acid ?-oxidation and ketogenesis via activating XBP1 signaling in liver
    Authors: M Zhang, W Sun, J Qian, Y Tang
    Redox Biol, 2018;16(0):87-96.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
  6. GDF15 is elevated in mice following retinal ganglion cell death and in glaucoma patients
    Authors: N Ban, CJ Siegfried, JB Lin, YB Shui, J Sein, W Pita-Thoma, A Sene, A Santeford, M Gordon, R Lamb, Z Dong, SC Kelly, V Cavalli, J Yoshino, RS Apte
    JCI Insight, 2017;2(9):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Aqueous humor
  7. Oral Treatment with the Ghrelin Receptor Agonist HM01 Attenuates Cachexia in Mice Bearing Colon-26 (C26) Tumors
    Authors: FO Villars, C Pietra, C Giuliano, TA Lutz, T Riediger
    Int J Mol Sci, 2017;18(5):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Plasma
  8. Mitochonic Acid 5 (MA-5) Facilitates ATP Synthase Oligomerization and Cell Survival in Various Mitochondrial Diseases
    Authors: T Matsuhashi, T Sato, SI Kanno, T Suzuki, A Matsuo, Y Oba, M Kikusato, E Ogasawara, T Kudo, K Suzuki, O Ohara, H Shimbo, F Nanto, H Yamaguchi, D Saigusa, Y Mukaiyama, A Watabe, K Kikuchi, H Shima, E Mishima, Y Akiyama, Y Oikawa, HO Hsin-Jung, Y Akiyama, C Suzuki, M Uematsu, M Ogata, N Kumagai, M Toyomizu, A Hozawa, N Mano, Y Owada, S Aiba, T Yanagisawa, Y Tomioka, S Kure, S Ito, K Nakada, KI Hayashi, H Osaka, T Abe
    EBioMedicine, 2017;0(0):.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Serum
  9. Loss of Hepatic Mitochondrial Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation Confers Resistance to Diet-Induced Obesity and Glucose Intolerance
    Authors: J Lee, J Choi, ES Selen Alpe, L Zhao, T Hartung, S Scafidi, RC Riddle, MJ Wolfgang
    Cell Rep, 2017;20(3):655-667.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Serum
  10. Ghrelin protects against renal damages induced by angiotensin-II via an antioxidative stress mechanism in mice.
    Authors: Fujimura K, Wakino S, Minakuchi H, Hasegawa K, Hosoya K, Komatsu M, Kaneko Y, Shinozuka K, Washida N, Kanda T, Tokuyama H, Hayashi K, Itoh H
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(4):e94373.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Types: Urine

FAQs

No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you may

View all ELISA FAQs

Supplemental ELISA Products

Reviews for Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit

Average Rating: 5 (Based on 1 Review)

5 Star
100%
4 Star
0%
3 Star
0%
2 Star
0%
1 Star
0%

Have you used Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review

Filter by:


Mouse/Rat GDF-15 Quantikine ELISA Kit
By Anonymous on 02/02/2017
Sample Tested: cell media