Detects mouse S100A4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse S100A6, 8, 9, 10, 13, 16, recombinant human (rh) S100A1, 2, 7, 11, or rhS100P is observed.
Monoclonal Rat IgG2B Clone # 438709
Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
E. coli-derived recombinant mouse S100A4 Ala2-Lys101 Accession # P07091
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Mouse S100A4 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of 3T3‑L1 mouse embryonic fibroblast adipose‑like cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Rat Anti-Mouse S100A4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB4138) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF005). A specific band was detected for S100A4 at approximately 10 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
S100A4 (also named Metastasin, Mtsl and Calvasculin) is an 11 kDa member of the S100 (soluble in 100% saturated ammonium sulfate) family of proteins (1‑5). S100 family members belong to the EF-hand superfamily of Ca++-binding proteins. These participate in both calcium‑dependent and calcium‑independent protein‑protein interactions. The hallmark of this superfamily is the EF-hand motif that consists of a Ca++-binding site flanked by two alpha -helices (helix E and helix F) that were originally identified in a right-handed model of carp muscle calcium‑binding protein (6). Mouse S100A4 is 101 amino acids (aa) in length (1, 2). It contains two EF hand domains (aa 12‑47 and aa 50‑85). The first domain has a 14 aa cation-binding motif and binds Ca++ with low affinity. The second Ca++-binding motif is 12 aa in length and binds Ca++ with high affinity. S100A4 has no classical signal sequence but is secreted from cells (3, 7). Mouse S100A4 shares 93%, 96% and 89% aa identity with human, rat and canine S100A4, respectively. S100A4 exists as dimer (8, 9, 10). Extracellular S100A4 is reported to induce MMP production, activate MMPs, promote neurite outgrowth and stimulate cardiomyocyte proliferation (4, 10, 11, 12, 13). Within the cell, dimers are likely the functional unit. Here, they are constitutive homo‑ or heterodimers (with S100A1) that interact with Ca++, undergo a conformational change, and subsequently bind to cytoplasmic targets. Known targets include p53, Myosin heavy chain II, F-actin and Liprin beta 1 (4, 14). In general, it can be said that S100A4 blocks target phosphorylation and multimerization (4, 7, 14). S100A4 activity has been associated with cell transformation. It seems likely this is either coincidental, or a consequence, rather than a cause of transformation (3).
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S100 Calcium Binding Protein A4
Entrez Gene IDs:
6275 (Human); 20198 (Mouse); 24615 (Rat)
18A2; 42A; Calvasculin; CAPL; CAPLS100 calcium binding protein A4 (calcium protein, calvasculin, metastasin; fibroblast-specific protein-1,42A; FSP1; leukemia multidrug resistance associated protein; malignant transformation suppression 1; Metastasin; MTS1; murine placental homolog); P9KA; PEL98; Placental calcium-binding protein; Protein Mts1; protein S100-A4; S100 calcium binding protein A4; S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (calcium protein, calvasculin, metastasin, murine placental homolog); S100 calcium-binding protein A4
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
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