Porcine IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody
Porcine IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q29055
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Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
IL-10, initially designated cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor (CSIF), was originally identified as a product of murine T helper 2 (Th2) clones that inhibited the cytokine production by Th1 clones which are dependent upon stimulation with antigen in the presence of antigen presenting cells (APC). The human homologue of murine IL-10 was subsequently cloned by cross-hybridization. Human and murine IL-10 are 81% and 73% homologous at the nucleotide and amino acid level, respectively. Both murine and human IL-10 are also highly homologous with a previously uncharacterized open reading frame in the Epstein-Bar virus (EBV) genome, BCRF1. The BCRF1 gene product is now designated viral IL-10. Murine IL-10 is produced by Th2 cells, activated fetal thymocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, and LY-1+ (CD5+) and normal B cells. Human IL-10 has cross-species actvities and is active on mouse cells. Murine IL-10 is species-specific and does not act on human cells. Porcine IL-10 is 71% and 78% homologous with mouse and human IL-10, respectively.
IL-10 is a pleiotropic cytokine that can exert either immunostimulatory or immunosuppressive effects on a variety of cell types. It is a potent immunosuppressant of macrophage functions. In vitro, IL-10 can inhibit the accessory function and antigen-presenting capacity of monocytes by, among other effects, downregulating class II MHC expression. Thus, IL-10 can inhibit monocyte/macrophage-dependent, antigen stimulated cytokine synthesis (especially IFN-gamma ) by human PBMNC and NK, and mouse Th1 cells. Additionally, IL-10 is a potent inhibitor of monocyte/macrophage activation and its resultant cytotoxic effects. As an immunostimulatory cytokine, IL-10 can act on B cells to enhance their viability, cell proliferation, Ig secretion, and class II MHC expression. Aside from B lymphocytes, IL-10 is also a growth co-stimulator for thymocytes and mast cells, as well as an enhancer of cytotoxic T cell development.
Citations for Porcine IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Development and validation of a multiplex fluorescent microsphere immunoassay assay for detection of porcine cytokines
Authors: SA Hall, SH Ison, C Owles, J Coe, DA Sandercock, AJ Zanella
Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
Applications: ELISA Detection
Protective Role of Passively Transferred Maternal Cytokines against Bordetella pertussis Infection in Newborn Piglets
Authors: S Elahi, DR Thompson, J Van Kessel, LA Babiuk, V Gerdts
Infect. Immun., 2017;85(4):.
Sample Types: Serum
Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
The effect of activated protein C on plasma cytokine levels in a porcine model of acute endotoxemia.
Authors: Nielsen JS, Larsson A, Rix T, Nyboe R, Gjedsted J, Krog J, Ledet T, Tonnesen E
Intensive Care Med, 2007;33(6):1085-93.
Sample Types: Plasma
Applications: ELISA Development
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