Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag Protein, CF Summary
Accession # Q7Z7D3
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Human B7-H4 Antibody (Catalog # MAB6576) is immobilized at 1.0 µg/mL, 100 µL/well, the concentration of Biotinylated Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag (Catalog # AVI8870) that produces 50% of the optimal binding response is approxiamately 1.5-7.5 ng/mL.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 84-93 and 160-180 kDa, respectively.
B7-H4, also known as B7x and B7S1, is a 50-80 kDa glycosylated member of the B7 family of immunomodulatory proteins (1, 2). Mature human B7-H4 consists of a 235 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with one Ig-like V-set domain and one Ig-like C2-set domain, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 2 aa cytoplasmic tail (3-5). Within the ECD, human B7-H4 shares 90% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-H4. It shares 22% - 28% aa sequence identity with human B7-1, B7‑2, B7-H1, B7-H2, B7-H3, and PD-L2. Alternate splicing of human B7-H4 generates an additional isoform that lacks the first Ig-like domain. B7-H4 is expressed on the surface of activated lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (4-8). Its binding to activated T cells dampens T cell responses and induces cell cycle arrest in the T cell (3-5). Reverse signaling can induce either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in the B7-H4 expressing cell (9, 10). B7-H4 is up-regulated in several carcinomas in correlation with tumor progression and metastasis (2, 7, 11, 12). A soluble form of B7-H4 is elevated in the serum of ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, also in correlation with advanced disease status (13-15). Soluble B7‑H4 functions as a decoy molecule that blocks the inhibitory influence of B7-H4 on immune activation (15). Despite evidence for the involvement of B7-H4 in immune regulation, mice deficient in its expression do not show significant immune deficiencies, suggesting compensation by other molecules in vivo (16).
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