Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag Protein, CF

Biotinylated
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AVI8870-050
Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag Protein, CF Binding Activity
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Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. When Human B7-H4 Antibody (Catalog # MAB6576) is immobilized at 1.0 μg/mL, 100 μL/well, the concentration of Biotinylated Recombinant Human B7‑H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag (Catalog # AVI8870) that produces 50% of the optimal binding response is approximately 1.5-7.5 ng/mL. Measured by its ability to inhibit anti-CD3 antibody induced IL-2 or IFN-gamma secretion by human T cells. The ED50 for this effect is 0.075-0.45 μg/mL.
Source
Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived human B7-H4 protein
Human B7-H4
(Phe29-Ala258)
Accession # Q7Z7D3
IEGRMDHuman IgG1
(Pro100-Lys330)
GG Avi-tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis

Phe29

Structure / Form
Biotinylated via Avi-tag
Predicted Molecular Mass
54 kDa
SDS-PAGE
84-93 kDa, under reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

AVI8870

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Data Images

Binding Activity Binding Activity View Larger

When Human B7-H4 Antibody (Catalog # MAB6576) is immobilized at 1.0 μg/mL, 100 μL/well, the concentration of Biotinylated Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag (Catalog # AVI8870) that produces 50% of the optimal binding response is approxiamately 1.5-7.5 ng/mL.

SDS-PAGE SDS-PAGE View Larger

2 μg/lane of Recombinant Human B7-H4 Fc Chimera Avi-tag was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 84-93 and 160-180 kDa, respectively.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: B7-H4

B7-H4, also known as B7x and B7S1, is a 50-80 kDa glycosylated member of the B7 family of immunomodulatory proteins (1, 2). Mature human B7-H4 consists of a 235 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with one Ig-like V-set domain and one Ig-like C2-set domain, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 2 aa cytoplasmic tail (3-5). Within the ECD, human B7-H4 shares 90% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-H4. It shares 22% - 28% aa sequence identity with human B7-1, B7‑2, B7-H1, B7-H2, B7-H3, and PD-L2. Alternate splicing of human B7-H4 generates an additional isoform that lacks the first Ig-like domain. B7-H4 is expressed on the surface of activated lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (4-8). Its binding to activated T cells dampens T cell responses and induces cell cycle arrest in the T cell (3-5). Reverse signaling can induce either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in the B7-H4 expressing cell (9, 10). B7-H4 is up-regulated in several carcinomas in correlation with tumor progression and metastasis (2, 7, 11, 12). A soluble form of B7-H4 is elevated in the serum of ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, also in correlation with advanced disease status (13-15). Soluble B7‑H4 functions as a decoy molecule that blocks the inhibitory influence of B7-H4 on immune activation (15). Despite evidence for the involvement of B7-H4 in immune regulation, mice deficient in its expression do not show significant immune deficiencies, suggesting compensation by other molecules in vivo (16).

References
  1. Yi, K.H. and L. Chen (2009) Immunol. Rev. 229:145.
  2. Salceda, S. et al. (2005) Exp. Cell Res. 306:128.
  3. Zang, X. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:10388.
  4. Prasad, V.R. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:863.
  5. Sica, G.L. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:849.
  6. Kryczek, I. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:871.
  7. Tringler, B. et al. (2005) Clin. Cancer Res. 11:1842.
  8. Xue, Q. et al. (2010) Stem Cells Dev. 19:27.
  9. Song, H. et al. (2008) Cancer Lett. 266:227.
  10. Park, G.B. et al. (2009) Immunology 128:360.
  11. Zang, X. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104:19458.
  12. Krambeck, A.E. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103:10391.
  13. Simon, I. et al. (2006) Cancer Res. 66:1570.
  14. Thompson, R.H. et al. (2008) Cancer Res. 68:6054.
  15. Azuma, T. et al. (2009) PloS Med. 6:e1000166.
  16. Suh, W.-K., et al. (2006) Mol. Cell. Biol. 26:6403.
Long Name
B7 Homolog 4
Entrez Gene IDs
79679 (Human); 242122 (Mouse); 295322 (Rat)
Alternate Names
B7h.5; B7H4; B7-H4; B7H4T-cell costimulatory molecule B7x; B7S1; B7S1VCTN1; B7x; B7XPRO1291; FLJ22418; Immune costimulatory protein B7-H4; Protein B7S1; T cell costimulatory molecule B7x; V-set domain containing T cell activation inhibitor 1; V-set domain-containing T-cell activation inhibitor 1; Vtcn1

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