Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 His-tag Avi-tag Protein, CF

Biotinylated
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AVI9049-050
Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 His-tag Avi-tag Protein, CF Binding Activity
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Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 His-tag Avi-tag Protein, CF Summary

Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. When Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1086-PD) is immobilized at 2 µg/mL (100 µL/well), Biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-L1 His-tag Avi-tag protein binds with an ED50 of 2-12 μg/mL.
Source
Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived human PD-L1/B7-H1 protein
Human B7-H1
(Phe19-Thr239)
Accession # Q9NZQ7
HHHHHHAvi-tag

N-terminusC-terminus
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Phe19
Structure / Form
Biotinylated via Avi-tag
Predicted Molecular Mass
28 kDa
SDS-PAGE
35-41 kDa, reducing conditions

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

AVI9049

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, ≤ -20 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Data Images

Binding Activity Binding Activity View Larger

When Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1086-PD) is immobilized at 2 µg/mL, Biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-L1 His-tag Avi-tag protein binds with an ED50 of 2-12 μg/mL.

SDS-PAGE SDS-PAGE View Larger

2 μg/lane of Biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 His Tag Avi Tag was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 35-41 kDa.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: PD-L1/B7-H1

B7-H1, also known as PD-L1 and CD274, is an approximately 65-kDa transmembrane glycoprotein in the B7 family of immune regulatory molecules (1). Mature human B7-H1 consists of a 220 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two immunoglobulin-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 31 aa cytoplasmic domain (2). Within the ECD, human B7-H1 shares 73% and 74% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat B7-H1, respectively. Alternative splicing generates additional isoforms that either lack the first Ig-like domain or are truncated within the second Ig-like domain (3). B7-H1 is expressed on inflammatory-activated immune cells including macrophages, T cells, and B cells (4-7), keratinocytes (8, 9), endothelial and intestinal epithelial cells (8, 10), as well as a variety of carcinomas and melanoma (11, 12). B7-H1 binds to T cell B7-1/CD80 and PD-1 (7, 8, 12-15). It suppresses T cell activation and proliferation (5, 8, 14, 16) and induces the apoptosis of activated T cells (11). It plays a role in the development of immune tolerance by promoting T cell anergy (7, 14) and enhancing regulatory T cell development (16). B7-H1 favors the development of anti-inflammatory IL-10 and IL-22 producing dendritic cells (5, 10) and inhibits the development of Th17 cells (16). In cancer, B7-H1 provides resistance to T cell mediated lysis, enhances EMT, and enhances the tumorigenic function of Th22 cells (6, 9, 12, 15).

References
  1. Ceeraz, S. et al. (2013) Trends Immunol. 34:556.
  2. Dong, H. et al. (1999) Nat. Med. 5:1365.
  3. Frigola, X. et al. (2011) Clin. Cancer Res. 17:1915.
  4. Tamura, H. et al. (2001) Blood 97:1809.
  5. Chen, L. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:6634.
  6. Kuang, D.-M. et al. (2014) J. Clin. Invest. 124:4657.
  7. Tsushima, F. et al. (2007) Blood 110:180.
  8. Mazanet, M.M. and C.C.W. Hughes (2002) J. Immunol. 169:3581.
  9. Cao, Y. et al. (2010) Cancer Res. 71:1235.
  10. Scandiuzzi, L. et al. (2014) Cell Rep. 6:625.
  11. Dong, H. et al. (2002) Nat. Med. 8:793.
  12. Azuma, T. et al. (2008) Blood 111:3635.
  13. Butte, M.J. et al. (2008) Mol. Immunol. 45:3567.
  14. Park, J.-J. et al. (2010) Blood 116:1291.
  15. Ritprajak, P. et al. (2010) J. Immunol. 184:4918.
  16. Herold, M. et al. (2015) J. Immunol. 195:3584.
Long Name
Programmed Death Ligand 1
Entrez Gene IDs
29126 (Human); 60533 (Mouse); 499342 (Rat); 484186 (Canine); 102145573 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
B7-H; B7H1; B7-H1; B7H1PDCD1L1; CD274 antigenMGC142294; CD274 molecule; CD274; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDCD1LG1MGC142296; PDL1; PD-L1; PD-L1B7 homolog 1; PDL1PDCD1 ligand 1; programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; Programmed death ligand 1

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