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Recombinant Human VEGF 165 Protein

  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
  • Activity
    Measured in a cell proliferation assay using HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Conn, G. et al. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87:1323. The ED50 for this effect is typically 1-6 ng/mL.
  • Source
    Spodoptera frugiperda, Sf 21 (baculovirus)-derived Ala27-Arg191
  • Accession #
  • N-terminal Sequence
  • Predicted Molecular Mass
    19.2 (monomer) kDa
    20-22 kDa, reducing conditions
    39-42 kDa, non-reducing conditions
Carrier Free
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin. Alternatively, reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl containing 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS. Alternatively, reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in sterile 4 mM HCl.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Data Images
Recombinant Human VEGF165 (Catalog # 293-VE) stimulates proliferation in HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The ED50 is typically 1-6 ng/mL.
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human VEGF165 was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions, showing major bands at 20-22 kDa and 39-42 kDa, respectively. Multiple bands in gel are due to glycosylation.
Background: VEGF

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF or VEGF-A), also known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a potent mediator of both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis in the fetus and adult (1-3). It is a member of the PDGF family that is characterized by the presence of eight conserved cysteine residues and a cystine knot structure (4). Humans express alternately spliced isoforms of 121, 145, 165, 183, 189, and 206 amino acids (aa) in length (4). VEGF165 appears to be the most abundant and potent isoform, followed by VEGF121 and VEGF189 (3, 4). Isoforms other than VEGF121 contain basic heparin-binding regions and are not freely diffusible (4). Human VEGF165 shares 88% aa sequence identity with corresponding regions of mouse and rat, 96% with porcine, 95% with canine, and 93% with feline, equine and bovine VEGF, respectively. VEGF binds the type I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinases VEGF R1 (also called Flt-1) and VEGF R2 (Flk-1/KDR) on endothelial cells (4). Although VEGF affinity is highest for binding to VEGF R1, VEGF R2 appears to be the primary mediator of VEGF angiogenic activity (3, 4). VEGF165 binds the semaphorin receptor, Neuropilin-1 and promotes complex formation with VEGF R2 (5). VEGF is required during embryogenesis to regulate the proliferation, migration, and survival of endothelial cells (3, 4). In adults, VEGF functions mainly in wound healing and the female reproductive cycle (3). Pathologically, it is involved in tumor angiogenesis and vascular leakage (6, 7). Circulating VEGF levels correlate with disease activity in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (8). VEGF is induced by hypoxia and cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, oncostatin M and TNF-alpha (3, 4, 9).

  • References:
    1. Leung, D.W. et al. (1989) Science 246:1306. 
    2. Keck, P.J. et al. (1989) Science 246:1309. 
    3. Byrne, A.M. et al. (2005) J. Cell. Mol. Med. 9:777. 
    4. Robinson, C.J. and S.E. Stringer (2001) J. Cell. Sci. 114:853.
    5. Pan, Q. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:24049.
    6. Weis, S.M. and D.A. Cheresh (2005) Nature 437:497.
    7. Thurston, G. (2002) J. Anat. 200:575.
    8. Carvalho, J.F. et al. (2007) J. Clin. Immunol. 27:246.
    9. Angelo, L.S. and R. Kurzrock (2007) Clin. Cancer Res. 13:2825.
  • Long Name:
    Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    7422 (Human); 22339 (Mouse); 83785 (Rat); 281572 (Bovine); 403802 (Canine); 493845 (Feline); 30682 (Zebrafish);
  • Alternate Names:
    VAS; Vasculotropin; VEGFA; VPF; MVCD1; vascular endothelial growth factor A; Vascular permeability factor; VEGF-A; VEGFMGC70609; VPFvascular endothelial growth factor
Related Research Areas

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

Showing Results 1 - 10 of 145
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Sample Type
  1. Resveratrol attenuates diabetic nephropathy via modulating angiogenesis.
    Authors: Wen, Donghai, Huang, Xinzhong, Zhang, Min, Zhang, Liying, Chen, Jing, Gu, Yong, Hao, Chuan-Mi
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e82336.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Structure-activity relationships of benzbromarone metabolites and derivatives as EYA inhibitory anti-angiogenic agents.
    Authors: Pandey, Ram Nare, Wang, Tim Sen, Tadjuidje, Emmanuel, McDonald, Matthew, Rettie, Allan E, Hegde, Rashmi S
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e84582.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Abl family kinases regulate endothelial barrier function in vitro and in mice.
    Authors: Chislock, Elizabet, Pendergast, Ann Mari
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e85231.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  4. Detection of VEGF-A(xxx)b isoforms in human tissues.
    Authors: Bates, David O, Mavrou, Athina, Qiu, Yan, Carter, James G, Hamdollah-Zadeh, Maryam, Barratt, Shaney, Gammons, Melissa, Millar, Ann B, Salmon, Andrew H, Oltean, Sebastia, Harper, Steven J
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(7):e68399.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  5. Semaphorin 6A regulates angiogenesis by modulating VEGF signaling.
    Authors: Segarra, Marta, Ohnuki, Hidetaka, Maric, Dragan, Salvucci, Ombretta, Hou, Xu, Kumar, Anil, Li, Xuri, Tosato, Giovanna
    Blood, 2012;120(19):4104-15.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  6. Sjogren's syndrome pathological neovascularization is regulated by VEGF-A-stimulated TACE-dependent crosstalk between VEGFR2 and NF-kappaB.
    Authors: Sisto M, Lisi S, Lofrumento DD, D'Amore M, Frassanito MA, Ribatti D
    Genes Immun., 2012;13(5):411-20.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  7. Flt-1 regulates vascular endothelial cell migration via a protein tyrosine kinase-7-dependent pathway.
    Authors: Lee HK, Chauhan SK, Kay E
    Blood, 2011;117(21):5762-71.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  8. Increased VEGFR-2 Gene Copy Is Associated with Chemoresistance and Shorter Survival in Patients with Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma Who Receive Adjuvant Chemotherapy.
    Authors: Yang F, Tang X, Riquelme E, Behrens C, Nilsson MB, Giri U, Varella-Garcia M, Byers LA, Lin HY, Wang J, Raso MG, Girard L, Coombes K, Lee JJ, Herbst RS, Minna JD, Heymach JV, Wistuba II
    Cancer Res., 2011;71(16):5512-5521.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  9. Production of scFv antibody fragments from a hybridoma with functional activity against human vascular endothelial growth factor.
    Authors: Irani Y, Brereton HM, Tilton RG
    Hybridoma (Larchmt), 2009;28(3):205-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Binding Assay
  10. Glomerular endothelial glycocalyx constitutes a barrier to protein permeability.
    Authors: Singh A, Satchell SC, Neal CR
    J. Am. Soc. Nephrol., 2007;18(11):2885-93.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  11. Oligo-guanosine nucleotide induces neuropilin-1 internalization in endothelial cells and inhibits angiogenesis.
    Authors: Narazaki M, Segarra M, Hou X, Tanaka T, Li X, Tosato G
    Blood, 2010;116(16):3099-107.
  12. Heparan sulfation-dependent fibroblast growth factor signaling maintains embryonic stem cells primed for differentiation in a heterogeneous state.
    Authors: Lanner F, Lee KL, Sohl M, Holmborn K, Yang H, Wilbertz J, Poellinger L, Rossant J, Farnebo F
    Stem Cells, 2010;28(2):191-200.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  13. The hypoxia-inducible factor 1/NOR-1 axis regulates the survival response of endothelial cells to hypoxia.
    Authors: Martorell L, Gentile M, Rius J, Rodriguez C, Crespo J, Badimon L, Martinez-Gonzalez J
    Mol. Cell. Biol., 2009;29(21):5828-42.
  14. Lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis: concurrence and/or dependence? Studies in inbred mouse strains.
    Authors: Nakao S, Maruyama K, Zandi S, Melhorn MI, Taher M, Noda K, Nusayr E, Doetschman T, Hafezi-Moghadam A
    FASEB J., 2010;24(2):504-13.
  15. Isolation of an adult blood-derived progenitor cell population capable of differentiation into angiogenic, myocardial and neural lineages.
    Authors: Porat Y, Porozov S, Belkin D, Shimoni D, Fisher Y, Belleli A, Czeiger D, Silverman WF, Belkin M, Battler A, Fulga V, Savion N
    Br. J. Haematol., 2006;135(5):703-14.
  16. Low molecular weight fucoidan increases VEGF165-induced endothelial cell migration by enhancing VEGF165 binding to VEGFR-2 and NRP1.
    Authors: Lake AC, Vassy R, Di Benedetto M, Lavigne D, Le Visage C, Perret GY, Letourneur D
    J. Biol. Chem., 2006;281(49):37844-52.
  17. Vascular endothelial growth factor induces protein kinase D-dependent production of proinflammatory cytokines in endothelial cells.
    Authors: Hao Q, Wang L, Tang H
    Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2009;296(4):C821-7.
  18. Identification of protein kinase D2 as a pivotal regulator of endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis.
    Authors: Hao Q, Wang L, Zhao ZJ, Tang H
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(2):799-806.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  19. The Down syndrome critical region gene 1 short variant promoters direct vascular bed-specific gene expression during inflammation in mice.
    Authors: Minami T, Yano K, Miura M, Kobayashi M, Suehiro J, Reid PC, Hamakubo T, Ryeom S, Aird WC, Kodama T
    J. Clin. Invest., 2009;119(8):2257-70.
  20. VEGF(121)b, a new member of the VEGF(xxx)b family of VEGF-A splice isoforms, inhibits neovascularisation and tumour growth in vivo.
    Authors: Rennel ES, Varey AH, Churchill AJ, Wheatley ER, Stewart L, Mather S, Bates DO, Harper SJ
    Br. J. Cancer, 2009;101(7):1183-93.
  21. Development of anti-atherosclerotic tissue-engineered blood vessel by A20-regulated endothelial progenitor cells seeding decellularized vascular matrix.
    Authors: Zhu C, Ying D, Mi J, Li L, Zeng W, Hou C, Sun J, Yuan W, Wen C, Zhang W
    Biomaterials, 2008;29(17):2628-36.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  22. Vitreous VEGF clearance is increased after vitrectomy.
    Authors: Lee SS, Ghosn C, Yu Z, Zacharias LC, Kao H, Lanni C, Abdelfattah N, Kuppermann B, Csaky KG, D'Argenio DZ, Burke JA, Hughes PM, Robinson MR
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2010;51(4):2135-8.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: In Vivo
  23. Bone marrow cells recruited through the neuropilin-1 receptor promote arterial formation at the sites of adult neoangiogenesis in mice.
    Authors: Zacchigna S, Pattarini L, Zentilin L, Moimas S, Carrer A, Sinigaglia M, Arsic N, Tafuro S, Sinagra G, Giacca M
    J. Clin. Invest., 2008;118(6):2062-75.
  24. Association between UHMWPE particle-induced inflammatory osteoclastogenesis and expression of RANKL, VEGF, and Flt-1 in vivo.
    Authors: Ren WP, Markel DC, Zhang R, Peng X, Wu B, Monica H, Wooley PH
    Biomaterials, 2006;27(30):5161-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  25. Robo4 stabilizes the vascular network by inhibiting pathologic angiogenesis and endothelial hyperpermeability.
    Authors: Jones CA, London NR, Chen H, Park KW, Sauvaget D, Stockton RA, Wythe JD, Suh W, Larrieu-Lahargue F, Mukouyama YS, Lindblom P, Seth P, Frias A, Nishiya N, Ginsberg MH, Gerhardt H, Zhang K, Li DY
    Nat. Med., 2008;14(4):448-53.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  26. Dopamine regulates endothelial progenitor cell mobilization from mouse bone marrow in tumor vascularization.
    Authors: Chakroborty D, Chowdhury UR, Sarkar C, Baral R, Dasgupta PS, Basu S
    J. Clin. Invest., 2008;118(4):1380-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  27. Inhibitory Smad transcription factors protect arterial endothelial cells from apoptosis induced by BMP4.
    Authors: Kiyono M, Shibuya M
    Oncogene, 2006;25(54):7131-7.
  28. Enhancement of glucose transporter expression of brain endothelial cells by vascular endothelial growth factor derived from glioma exposed to hypoxia.
    Authors: Yeh WL, Lin CJ, Fu WM
    Mol. Pharmacol., 2007;73(1):170-7.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  29. Electronegative LDL impairs vascular endothelial cell integrity in diabetes by disrupting fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) autoregulation.
    Authors: Lu J, Jiang W, Yang JH, Chang PY, Walterscheid JP, Chen HH, Marcelli M, Tang D, Lee YT, Liao WS, Yang CY, Chen CH
    Diabetes, 2007;57(1):158-66.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  30. Mutant anthrax toxin B moiety (protective antigen) inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth.
    Authors: Rogers MS, Christensen KA, Birsner AE, Short SM, Wigelsworth DJ, Collier RJ, D'Amato RJ
    Cancer Res., 2007;67(20):9980-5.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  31. BIBF 1120: triple angiokinase inhibitor with sustained receptor blockade and good antitumor efficacy.
    Authors: Hilberg F, Roth GJ, Krssak M, Kautschitsch S, Sommergruber W, Tontsch-Grunt U, Garin-Chesa P, Bader G, Zoephel A, Quant J, Heckel A, Rettig WJ
    Cancer Res., 2008;68(12):4774-82.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  32. Neuropilin-1 binds to VEGF121 and regulates endothelial cell migration and sprouting.
    Authors: Pan Q, Chathery Y, Wu Y, Rathore N, Tong RK, Peale F, Bagri A, Tessier-Lavigne M, Koch AW, Watts RJ
    J. Biol. Chem., 2007;282(33):24049-56.
  33. Tal1/Scl gene transduction using a lentiviral vector stimulates highly efficient hematopoietic cell differentiation from common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Kurita R, Sasaki E, Yokoo T, Hiroyama T, Takasugi K, Imoto H, Izawa K, Dong Y, Hashiguchi T, Soda Y, Maeda T, Suehiro Y, Tanioka Y, Nakazaki Y, Tani K
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(9):2014-22.
    Species: Primate - Callitrix jacchus (common marmoset)
    Application: Bioassay
  34. Expansion of human SCID-repopulating cells under hypoxic conditions.
    Authors: Danet GH, Pan Y, Luongo JL, Bonnet DA, Simon MC
    J. Clin. Invest., 2003;112(1):126-35.
  35. Long-lasting in vitro hematopoiesis derived from primate embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Hiroyama T, Miharada K, Aoki N, Fujioka T, Sudo K, Danjo I, Nagasawa T, Nakamura Y
    Exp. Hematol., 2006;34(6):760-9.
    Species: Primate – Macaca fascicularis (Cynomolgus/Crab-eating Monkey)
    Application: Bioassay
  36. Microvascular patterning is controlled by fine-tuning the Akt signal.
    Authors: Sun JF, Phung T, Shiojima I, Felske T, Upalakalin JN, Feng D, Kornaga T, Dor T, Dvorak AM, Walsh K, Benjamin LE
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2005;102(1):128-33.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  37. Malignant mesothelioma growth inhibition by agents that target the VEGF and VEGF-C autocrine loops.
    Authors: Masood R, Kundra A, Zhu S, Xia G, Scalia P, Smith DL, Gill PS
    Int. J. Cancer, 2003;104(5):603-10.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  38. Regulation of Ang2 release by PTEN/PI3-kinase/Akt in lung microvascular endothelial cells.
    Authors: Tsigkos S, Zhou Z, Kotanidou A, Fulton D, Zakynthinos S, Roussos C, Papapetropoulos A
    J. Cell. Physiol., 2006;207(2):506-11.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  39. Preclinical evaluation of antiangiogenic thrombospondin-1 peptide mimetics, ABT-526 and ABT-510, in companion dogs with naturally occurring cancers.
    Authors: Rusk A, McKeegan E, Haviv F, Majest S, Henkin J, Khanna C
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2006;12(24):7444-55.
  40. Forward EphB4 signaling in endothelial cells controls cellular repulsion and segregation from ephrinB2 positive cells.
    Authors: Fuller T, Korff T, Kilian A, Dandekar G, Augustin HG
    J. Cell. Sci., 2003;116(0):2461-70.
  41. GM-CSF induces expression of soluble VEGF receptor-1 from human monocytes and inhibits angiogenesis in mice.
    Authors: Eubank TD, Roberts R, Galloway M, Wang Y, Cohn DE, Marsh CB
    Immunity, 2004;21(6):831-42.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  42. Expression of DC-SIGN and DC-SIGNR on human sinusoidal endothelium: a role for capturing hepatitis C virus particles.
    Authors: Lai WK, Sun PJ, Zhang J, Jennings A, Lalor PF, Hubscher S, McKeating JA, Adams DH
    Am. J. Pathol., 2006;169(1):200-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  43. Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein's signaling pathways and its retinal trophic and anti-angiogenic effects.
    Authors: Yamagata M, Rook SL, Sassa Y, Ma RC, Geraldes P, Goddard L, Clermont A, Gao B, Salti H, Gundel R, White M, Feener EP, Aiello LP, King GL
    FASEB J., 2006;20(12):2058-67.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  44. Efficacy of systemic administration of SDF-1 in a model of vascular insufficiency: support for an endothelium-dependent mechanism.
    Authors: Carr AN, Howard BW, Yang HT, Eby-Wilkens E, Loos P, Varbanov A, Qu A, DeMuth JP, Davis MG, Proia A, Terjung RL, Peters KG
    Cardiovasc. Res., 2006;69(4):925-35.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  45. Thiol regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-A and its receptors in human retinal pigment epithelial cells.
    Authors: Sreekumar PG, Kannan R, de Silva AT, Burton R, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2006;346(4):1200-6.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  46. Efficacy of systemic administration of SDF-1 in a model of vascular insufficiency: support for an endothelium-dependent mechanism.
    Authors: Carr AN, Howard BW, Yang HT, Eby-Wilkens E, Loos P, Varbanov A, Qu A, DeMuth JP, Davis MG, Proia A, Terjung RL, Peters KG
    Cardiovasc. Res., 2006;69(4):925-35.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  47. Quantitative assessment of the integrity of the blood-retinal barrier in mice.
    Authors: Derevjanik NL, Vinores SA, Xiao WH, Mori K, Turon T, Hudish T, Dong S, Campochiaro PA
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2002;43(7):2462-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  48. Role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in angiogenesis caused by ocular infection with herpes simplex virus.
    Authors: Lee S, Zheng M, Kim B, Rouse BT
    J. Clin. Invest., 2002;110(8):1105-11.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  49. Normalization of coronary microvascular reactivity and improvement in myocardial perfusion by surgical vascular endothelial growth factor therapy combined with oral supplementation of l-arginine in a porcine model of endothelial dysfunction.
    Authors: Voisine P, Bianchi C, Khan TA, Ruel M, Xu SH, Feng J, Li J, Malik T, Rosinberg A, Sellke FW
    J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., 2005;129(6):1414-20.
    Species: Porcine
    Application: In Vivo
  50. VEGF-promoted surgical angiogenesis in necrotic bone.
    Authors: Suzuki O, Bishop AT, Sunagawa T, Katsube K, Friedrich PF
    Microsurgery, 2004;24(1):85-91.
    Species: Rabbit
    Application: In Vivo
  51. Antiangiogenic gene therapy for cancer via systemic administration of adenoviral vectors expressing secretable endostatin.
    Authors: Chen CT, Lin J, Li Q, Phipps SS, Jakubczak JL, Stewart DA, Skripchenko Y, Forry-Schaudies S, Wood J, Schnell C, Hallenbeck PL
    Hum. Gene Ther., 2000;11(14):1983-96.
  52. Endothelial podosome rosettes regulate vascular branching in tumour angiogenesis.
    Authors: Seano G, Chiaverina G, Gagliardi P, di Blasio L, Puliafito A, Bouvard C, Sessa R, Tarone G, Sorokin L, Helley D, Jain R, Serini G, Bussolino F, Primo L
    Nat Cell Biol, 2014;16(10):931-41, 1-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: cell culture
  53. Multipotent adult progenitor cells from swine bone marrow.
    Authors: Zeng L, Rahrmann E, Hu Q, Lund T, Sandquist L, Felten M, O'Brien TD, O'Brien TD, Zhang J, Verfaillie C
    Stem Cells, 2006;24(11):2355-66.
    Species: Porcine
    Application: Bioassay
  54. Dentin matrix protein 1 induces membrane expression of VE-cadherin on endothelial cells and inhibits VEGF-induced angiogenesis by blocking VEGFR-2 phosphorylation.
    Authors: Pirotte S, Lamour V, Lambert V, Alvarez Gonzalez ML, Ormenese S, Noel A, Mottet D, Castronovo V, Bellahcene A
    Blood, 2011;117(8):2515-26.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  55. Neuropilin-1 regulates platelet-derived growth factor receptor signalling in mesenchymal stem cells.
    Authors: Ball SG, Bayley C, Shuttleworth CA, Kielty CM
    Biochem. J., 2010;427(1):29-40.
  56. The 12th-14th type III repeats of fibronectin function as a highly promiscuous growth factor-binding domain.
    Authors: Martino MM, Hubbell JA
    FASEB J., 2010;24(12):4711-21.
    Species: Human
    Application: Surface Plasmon Resonance
  57. Neuropilin-1 signaling through p130Cas tyrosine phosphorylation is essential for growth factor-dependent migration of glioma and endothelial cells.
    Authors: Evans IM, Yamaji M, Britton G, Pellet-Many C, Lockie C, Zachary IC, Frankel P
    Mol. Cell. Biol., 2011;31(6):1174-85.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  58. The F11 receptor (F11R/JAM-A) in atherothrombosis: overexpression of F11R in atherosclerotic plaques.
    Authors: Babinska A, Azari BM, Salifu MO, Liu R, Jiang XC, Sobocka MB, Boo D, Al Khoury G, Deitch JS, Marmur JD, Ehrlich YH, Kornecki E
    Thromb. Haemost., 2007;97(2):272-81.
  59. Hepatocyte growth factor induces retinal vascular permeability via MAP-kinase and PI-3 kinase without altering retinal hemodynamics.
    Authors: Clermont AC, Cahill M, Salti H, Rook SL, Rask-Madsen C, Goddard L, Wong JS, Bursell D, Bursell SE, Aiello LP
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2006;47(6):2701-8.
    Species: Rat
    Application: In Vivo
  60. VEGF164(165) as the pathological isoform: differential leukocyte and endothelial responses through VEGFR1 and VEGFR2.
    Authors: Usui T, Ishida S, Yamashiro K, Kaji Y, Poulaki V, Moore J, Moore T, Amano S, Horikawa Y, Dartt D, Golding M, Shima DT, Adamis AP
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2004;45(2):368-74.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  61. Expression of the cysteine protease legumain in vascular lesions and functional implications in atherogenesis.
    Authors: Clerin V, Shih HH, Deng N, Hebert G, Resmini C, Shields KM, Feldman JL, Winkler A, Albert L, Maganti V, Wong A, Paulsen JE, Keith JC, Vlasuk GP, Pittman DD
    Atherosclerosis, 2008;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  62. Excess placental soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) may contribute to endothelial dysfunction, hypertension, and proteinuria in preeclampsia.
    Authors: Maynard SE, Min JY, Merchan J, Lim KH, Mondal S, Stillman IE, Epstein FH, Karumanchi SA
    J. Clin. Invest., 2003;111(5):649-58.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  63. Ultrasensitive flow-based immunoassays using single-molecule counting.
    Authors: Todd J, Freese B, Lu A, Held D, Morey J, Livingston R, Goix P
    Clin. Chem., 2007;53(11):1990-5.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  64. Plasma levels of soluble Tie2 and vascular endothelial growth factor distinguish critical limb ischemia from intermittent claudication in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
    Authors: Findley CM, Mitchell RG, Duscha BD, Annex BH, Kontos CD
    J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., 2008;52(5):387-93.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  65. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) is a novel anti-angiogenic and anti-tumorigenic mediator secreted by dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dB-cAMP)-differentiated glioblastoma cells.
    Authors: Moreno MJ, Ball M, Andrade MF, McDermid A, Stanimirovic DB
    Glia, 2006;53(8):845-57.
  66. Thrombopoietin enhances generation of CD34+ cells from human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Srivastava AS, Nedelcu E, Esmaeli-Azad B, Mishra R, Carrier E
    Stem Cells, 2007;25(6):1456-61.
  67. Modulation of angiogenesis by a tetrameric tripeptide that antagonizes vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1.
    Authors: Ponticelli S, Marasco D, Tarallo V, Albuquerque RJ, Mitola S, Takeda A, Stassen JM, Presta M, Ambati J, Ruvo M, De Falco S
    J. Biol. Chem., 2008;283(49):34250-9.
  68. Expression of the CD44v2-10 isoform confers a metastatic phenotype: importance of the heparan sulfate attachment site CD44v3.
    Authors: Barbour AP, Reeder JA, Walsh MD, Fawcett J, Antalis TM, Gotley DC
    Cancer Res., 2003;63(4):887-92.
    Species: Human
    Application: Binding Assay
  69. Angioinhibitory action of NK4 involves impaired extracellular assembly of fibronectin mediated by perlecan-NK4 association.
    Authors: Sakai K, Nakamura T, Matsumoto K, Nakamura T
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(33):22491-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  70. DC-SIGN mediates cell-free infection and transmission of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 by dendritic cells.
    Authors: Jain P, Manuel SL, Khan ZK, Ahuja J, Quann K, Wigdahl B
    J. Virol., 2009;83(21):10908-21.
  71. Selective functional exhaustion of hematopoietic progenitor cells in the bone marrow of patients with postinfarction heart failure.
    Authors: Kissel CK, Lehmann R, Assmus B, Aicher A, Honold J, Fischer-Rasokat U, Heeschen C, Spyridopoulos I, Dimmeler S, Zeiher AM
    J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., 2007;49(24):2341-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  72. Neurogenic effect of vascular endothelial growth factor during germ layer formation of human embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Kim BK, Kim SE, Shim JH, Woo DH, Gil JE, Kim SK, Kim JH
    FEBS Lett., 2006;580(25):5869-74.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  73. Expression and activity of SRC regulate interleukin-8 expression in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells: implications for angiogenesis.
    Authors: Trevino JG, Summy JM, Gray MJ, Nilsson MB, Lesslie DP, Baker CH, Gallick GE
    Cancer Res., 2005;65(16):7214-22.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  74. Vascular endothelial growth factor can signal through platelet-derived growth factor receptors.
    Authors: Ball SG, Shuttleworth CA, Kielty CM
    J. Cell Biol., 2007;177(3):489-500.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  75. ADAM-17 regulates endothelial cell morphology, proliferation, and in vitro angiogenesis.
    Authors: Gooz P, Gooz M, Baldys A, Hoffman S
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2009;380(1):33-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  76. Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) promotes angiogenesis by induction of COX-2 in leukemic cells via the VEGF-R3/JNK/AP-1 pathway.
    Authors: Chien MH, Ku CC, Johansson G, Chen MW, Hsiao M, Su JL, Inoue H, Hua KT, Wei LH, Kuo ML
    Carcinogenesis, 2009;30(12):2005-13.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  77. Sensitive and multiplexed detection of proteomic antigens via quantum dot aggregation.
    Authors: Soman C, Giorgio T,
    Nanomedicine, 2009;5(4):402-9.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Quantum Dot
  78. Impairment of the antifibrotic effect of hepatocyte growth factor in lung fibroblasts from African Americans: possible role in systemic sclerosis.
    Authors: Bogatkevich GS, Ludwicka-Bradley A, Highland KB, Hant F, Nietert PJ, Singleton CB, Feghali-Bostwick CA, Silver RM
    Arthritis Rheum., 2007;56(7):2432-42.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  79. Highly invasive melanoma cells activate the vascular endothelium via an MMP-2/integrin alphavbeta5-induced secretion of VEGF-A.
    Am. J. Pathol., 2012;181(2):693-705.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  80. VEGF signaling is required for the assembly but not the maintenance of embryonic blood vessels.
    Authors: Argraves WS, Larue AC, Fleming PA, Drake CJ
    Dev. Dyn., 2002;225(3):298-304.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  81. Interleukin-27 acts as multifunctional antitumor agent in multiple myeloma.
    Authors: Cocco C, Giuliani N, Di Carlo E
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2010;16(16):4188-97.
  82. Loss of SPARC-mediated VEGFR-1 suppression after injury reveals a novel antiangiogenic activity of VEGF-A.
    Authors: Nozaki M, Sakurai E, Raisler BJ, Baffi JZ, Witta J, Ogura Y, Brekken RA, Sage EH, Ambati BK, Ambati J
    J. Clin. Invest., 2006;116(2):422-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  83. Development and validation of sandwich ELISA microarrays with minimal assay interference.
    Authors: Gonzalez RM, Seurynck-Servoss SL, Crowley SA
    J. Proteome Res., 2008;7(6):2406-14.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  84. ADAMTS5 functions as an anti-angiogenic and anti-tumorigenic protein independent of its proteoglycanase activity.
    Authors: Kumar S, Sharghi-Namini S, Rao N, Ge R
    Am J Pathol, 2012;181(3):1056-68.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  85. Antagonists to human and mouse vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 generated by directed protein evolution in vitro.
    Authors: Getmanova EV, Chen Y, Bloom L, Gokemeijer J, Shamah S, Warikoo V, Wang J, Ling V, Sun L
    Chem. Biol., 2006;13(5):549-56.
  86. Xenopus neurula left-right asymmetry is respeficied by microinjecting TGF-beta5 protein.
    Authors: Mogi K, Goto M, Ohno E, Azumi Y, Takeuchi S, Toyoizumi R
    Int. J. Dev. Biol., 2003;47(1):15-29.
    Species: Xenopus
    Application: In Vivo
  87. Evaluation of a xenogeneic VEGF vaccine in dogs with soft tissue sarcoma.
    Authors: Kamstock D, Elmslie R, Thamm D
    Cancer Immunol. Immunother., 2007;56(8):1299-309.
    Species: Canine
    Application: In Vivo
  88. Overexpression of the autoimmunity-associated phosphatase PTPN22 promotes survival of antigen-stimulated CLL cells by selectively activating AKT.
    Blood, 2012;119(26):6278-87.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  89. Induced pluripotent stem cells offer new approach to therapy in thalassemia and sickle cell anemia and option in prenatal diagnosis in genetic diseases.
    Authors: Ye L, Chang JC, Lin C, Sun X, Yu J, Kan YW
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2009;106(24):9826-30.
  90. Inhibition of hypoxia-induced increase of blood-brain barrier permeability by YC-1 through the antagonism of HIF-1alpha accumulation and VEGF expression.
    Authors: Yeh WL, Lu DY, Lin CJ, Liou HC, Fu WM
    Mol. Pharmacol., 2007;72(2):440-9.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  91. Expression of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 in human monocyte-derived mature dendritic cells contributes to their antiangiogenic property.
    Authors: Kishuku M, Nishioka Y, Abe S, Kishi J, Ogino H, Aono Y, Azuma M, Kinoshita K, Batmunkh R, Rentsenhand B, Makino H, Ranjan P, Minakuchi K, Sone S
    J. Immunol., 2009;183(12):8176-85.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  92. Human peripheral blood eosinophils induce angiogenesis.
    Authors: Puxeddu I, Alian A, Piliponsky AM, Ribatti D, Panet A, Levi-Schaffer F
    Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol., 2005;37(3):628-36.
    Species: Chicken
    Application: Bioassay
  93. Monocytes/macrophages cooperate with progenitor cells during neovascularization and tissue repair: conversion of cell columns into fibrovascular bundles.
    Authors: Anghelina M, Krishnan P, Moldovan L, Moldovan NI
    Am. J. Pathol., 2006;168(2):529-41.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  94. Ligand-induced internalization selects use of common receptor neuropilin-1 by VEGF165 and semaphorin3A.
    Authors: Narazaki M, Tosato G
    Blood, 2006;107(10):3892-901.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  95. Gas6 stimulates angiogenesis of human retinal endothelial cells and of zebrafish embryos via ERK1/2 signaling.
    Authors: Kim, Young So, Jung, Seung-Hy, Jung, Dong Ho, Choi, So-Jin, Lee, Yu-Ri, Kim, Jin Sook
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(1):e83901.
    Species: Zebrafish
    Application: In Vivo
  96. 17Beta-estradiol up-regulates vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 expression in human myometrial microvascular endothelial cells: role of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta.
    Authors: Gargett CE, Zaitseva M, Bucak K, Chu S, Fuller PJ, Rogers PA
    J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 2002;87(9):4341-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  97. Brivanib attenuates hepatic fibrosis in vivo and stellate cell activation in vitro by inhibition of FGF, VEGF and PDGF signaling.
    Authors: Nakamura I, Zakharia K, Banini B, Mikhail D, Kim T, Yang J, Moser C, Shaleh H, Thornburgh S, Walters I, Roberts L
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(4):e92273.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  98. Melanocyte-secreted fibromodulin promotes an angiogenic microenvironment.
    Authors: Adini, Irit, Ghosh, Kaustabh, Adini, Avner, Chi, Zai-Long, Yoshimura, Takeru, Benny, Ofra, Connor, Kip M, Rogers, Michael, Bazinet, Lauren, Birsner, Amy E, Bielenberg, Diane R, D'Amato, Robert J
    J Clin Invest, 2014;124(1):425-36.
    Species: Human
    Application: cell culture
  99. Age- and dose-related effects on MSC engraftment levels and anatomical distribution in the central nervous systems of nonhuman primates: identification of novel MSC subpopulations that respond to guidance cues in brain.
    Authors: Isakova IA, Baker K, Dutreil M, Dufour J, Gaupp D, Phinney DG
    Stem Cells, 2007;25(12):3261-70.
    Species: Primate - Macaca mulatta (Rhesus monkey)
    Application: Bioassay
  100. Osteoprotegerin (OPG)--a potential new role in the regulation of endothelial cell phenotype and tumour angiogenesis?
    Authors: Cross SS, Yang Z, Brown NJ, Balasubramanian SP, Evans CA, Woodward JK, Neville-Webbe HL, Lippitt JM, Reed MW, Coleman RE, Holen I
    Int. J. Cancer, 2006;118(8):1901-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  101. Vascular endothelial growth factor is crucial for erythropoietin-induced improvement of cardiac function in heart failure.
    Authors: Westenbrink BD, Ruifrok WP, Voors AA
    Cardiovasc. Res., 2010;87(1):30-9.
    Species: Rat
    Application: Bioassay
  102. A critical role of placental growth factor in the induction of inflammation and edema formation.
    Authors: Oura H, Bertoncini J, Velasco P, Brown LF, Carmeliet P, Detmar M
    Blood, 2002;101(2):560-7.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  103. Hyperoxia disrupts vascular endothelial growth factor-nitric oxide signaling and decreases growth of endothelial colony-forming cells from preterm infants.
    Authors: Fujinaga H, Baker CD, Ryan SL, Markham NE, Seedorf GJ, Balasubramaniam V, Abman SH
    Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol., 2009;297(6):L1160-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  104. A novel serum-free monolayer culture for orderly hematopoietic differentiation of human pluripotent cells via mesodermal progenitors.
    Authors: Niwa A, Heike T, Umeda K
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(7):e22261.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  105. Simple patterned nanofiber scaffolds and its enhanced performance in immunoassay.
    Authors: Wang, Jing, Kang, Qin-shu, Lv, Xiao-gua, Song, Jia, Zhan, Na, Dong, Wei-guo, Huang, Wei-hua
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e82888.
    Species: Human
    Application: micro-immunoassay development
  106. Fractalkine, a CX3C chemokine, as a mediator of ocular angiogenesis.
    Authors: You JJ, Yang CH, Huang JS, Chen MS, Yang CM
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2007;48(11):5290-8.
    Species: Bovine
    Application: Bioassay
  107. Imbalance in the expression of CXC chemokines correlates with bronchoalveolar lavage fluid angiogenic activity and procollagen levels in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
    Authors: Keane MP, Donnelly SC, Belperio JA, Goodman RB, Dy M, Burdick MD, Fishbein MC, Strieter RM
    J. Immunol., 2002;169(11):6515-21.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  108. Differential roles of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 and 2 in dendritic cell differentiation.
    Authors: Dikov MM, Ohm JE, Ray N, Tchekneva EE, Burlison J, Moghanaki D, Nadaf S, Carbone DP
    J. Immunol., 2005;174(1):215-22.
  109. Angiopoietin-4 promotes glioblastoma progression by enhancing tumor cell viability and angiogenesis.
    Authors: Brunckhorst MK, Wang H, Lu R, Yu Q
    Cancer Res., 2010;70(18):7283-93.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  110. Angiopoietin 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor modulate human glomerular endothelial cell barrier properties.
    Authors: Satchell SC, Anderson KL, Mathieson PW
    J. Am. Soc. Nephrol., 2004;15(3):566-74.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  111. Netrin-4 inhibits angiogenesis via binding to neogenin and recruitment of Unc5B.
    Authors: Lejmi E, Leconte L, Pedron-Mazoyer S, Ropert S, Raoul W, Lavalette S, Bouras I, Feron JG, Maitre-Boube M, Assayag F, Feumi C, Alemany M, Jie TX, Merkulova T, Poupon MF, Ruchoux MM, Tobelem G, Sennlaub F, Plouet J
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008;105(34):12491-6.
  112. Placental growth factor down-regulates type 1 T helper immune response by modulating the function of dendritic cells.
    Authors: Lin YL, Liang YC, Chiang BL
    J. Leukoc. Biol., 2007;82(6):1473-80.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  113. Critical role for GATA3 in mediating Tie2 expression and function in large vessel endothelial cells.
    Authors: Song H, Suehiro J, Kanki Y, Kawai Y, Inoue K, Daida H, Yano K, Ohhashi T, Oettgen P, Aird WC, Kodama T, Minami T
    J. Biol. Chem., 2009;284(42):29109-24.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  114. Pleiotrophin produced by multiple myeloma induces transdifferentiation of monocytes into vascular endothelial cells: a novel mechanism of tumor-induced vasculogenesis.
    Authors: Chen H, Campbell RA, Chang Y, Li M, Wang CS, Li J, Sanchez E, Share M, Steinberg J, Berenson A, Shalitin D, Zeng Z, Gui D, Perez-Pinera P, Berenson RJ, Said J, Bonavida B, Deuel TF, Berenson JR
    Blood, 2009;113(9):1992-2002.
  115. Modulation of endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis: a novel function for the "tandem-repeat" lectin galectin-8.
    Authors: Delgado VM, Nugnes LG, Colombo LL, Troncoso MF, Fernandez MM, Malchiodi EL, Frahm I, Croci DO, Compagno D, Rabinovich GA, Wolfenstein-Todel C, Elola MT
    FASEB J., 2011;25(1):242-54.
  116. The impact of proliferative potential of umbilical cord-derived endothelial progenitor cells and hypoxia on vascular tubule formation in vitro.
    Authors: Zhang Y, Fisher N, Newey SE
    Stem Cells Dev., 2009;18(2):359-75.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  117. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-PDGF receptor interaction activates bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells derived from chronic lymphocytic leukemia: implications for an angiogenic switch.
    Authors: Ding W, Knox TR, Tschumper RC
    Blood, 2010;116(16):2984-93.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  118. Vascular endothelial growth factor drives autocrine epithelial cell proliferation and survival in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis.
    Authors: Lee HS, Myers A, Kim J
    Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2009;180(11):1056-67.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  119. CXCR 3 activation promotes lymphocyte transendothelial migration across human hepatic endothelium under fluid flow.
    Authors: Curbishley SM, Eksteen B, Gladue RP, Lalor P, Adams DH
    Am. J. Pathol., 2005;167(3):887-99.
  120. The original Pathologische Anatomie Leiden-Endothelium monoclonal antibody recognizes a vascular endothelial growth factor binding site within neuropilin-1.
    Authors: Jaalouk DE, Ozawa MG, Sun J, Lahdenranta J, Schlingemann RO, Pasqualini R, Arap W
    Cancer Res., 2007;67(20):9623-9.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Bioassay
  121. Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 protects mice in sepsis.
    Authors: Tsao PN, Chan FT, Wei SC, Hsieh WS, Chou HC, Su YN, Chen CY, Hsu WM, Hsieh FJ, Hsu SM
    Crit. Care Med., 2007;35(8):1955-60.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  122. Plasma angiopoietin-1, angiopoietin-2 and Tie-2 in breast and prostate cancer: a comparison with VEGF and Flt-1.
    Authors: Caine GJ, Blann AD, Stonelake PS, Ryan P, Lip GY
    Eur. J. Clin. Invest., 2003;33(10):883-90.
    Species: N/A
    Application: ELISA Standard
  123. The endogenous anti-angiogenic family of splice variants of VEGF, VEGFxxxb, are down-regulated in pre-eclamptic placentae at term.
    Authors: Bates DO, MacMillan PP, Manjaly JG, Qiu Y, Hudson SJ, Bevan HS, Hunter AJ, Soothill PW, Read M, Donaldson LF, Harper SJ
    Clin. Sci., 2006;110(5):575-85.
    Species: N/A
    Application: Western Blot Control
  124. Transcriptional profiling of VEGF-A and VEGF-C target genes in lymphatic endothelium reveals endothelial-specific molecule-1 as a novel mediator of lymphangiogenesis.
    Authors: Shin JW, Huggenberger R, Detmar M
    Blood, 2008;112(6):2318-26.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  125. Colocalization of the VEGF-R2 and the common IL-3/GM-CSF receptor beta chain to lipid rafts leads to enhanced p38 activation.
    Authors: Saulle E, Riccioni R, Coppola S, Parolini I, Diverio D, Riti V, Mariani G, Laufer S, Sargiacomo M, Testa U
    Br. J. Haematol., 2009;145(3):399-411.
  126. Human cardiovascular progenitor cells develop from a KDR+ embryonic-stem-cell-derived population.
    Authors: Yang L, Soonpaa MH, Adler ED, Roepke TK, Kattman SJ, Kennedy M, Henckaerts E, Bonham K, Abbott GW, Linden RM, Field LJ, Keller GM
    Nature, 2008;453(7194):524-8.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  127. Hematopoietic stem cell cytokines and fibroblast growth factor-2 stimulate human endothelial cell-pericyte tube co-assembly in 3D fibrin matrices under serum-free defined conditions.
    Authors: Smith A, Bowers S, Stratman A, Davis G
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(12):e85147.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  128. Expression of Tie-2 and other receptors for endothelial growth factors in acute myeloid leukemias is associated with monocytic features of leukemic blasts.
    Authors: Riccioni R, Diverio D, Mariani G, Buffolino S, Riti V, Saulle E, Petrucci E, Cedrone M, Lo-Coco F, Foa R, Peschle C, Testa U
    Stem Cells, 2007;25(8):1862-71.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  129. The regulatory roles of apoptosis-inducing factor in the formation and regression processes of ocular neovascularization.
    Authors: Hisatomi T, Nakao S, Murakami Y, Noda K, Nakazawa T, Notomi S, Connolly E, She H, Almulki L, Ito Y, Vavvas DG, Ishibashi T, Miller JW
    Am. J. Pathol., 2012;181(1):53-61.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  130. Vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated decrease in plasma soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 levels as a surrogate biomarker for tumor growth.
    Authors: Ebos JM, Lee CR, Bogdanovic E, Alami J, Van Slyke P, Francia G, Xu P, Mutsaers AJ, Dumont DJ, Kerbel RS
    Cancer Res., 2008;68(2):521-9.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  131. Tumor-stromal crosstalk in invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma: a pivotal role of CCL7.
    Authors: Jung DW, Che ZM, Kim J, Kim K, Kim KY, Williams D, Kim J
    Int. J. Cancer, 2010;127(2):332-44.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  132. Endorepellin, the angiostatic module of perlecan, interacts with both the alpha2beta1 integrin and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2): a dual receptor antagonism.
    Authors: Goyal A, Pal N, Concannon M, Paul M, Doran M, Poluzzi C, Sekiguchi K, Whitelock JM, Neill T, Iozzo RV
    J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(29):25947-62.
    Species: Human
    Application: Binding Competition
  133. Interaction between Tie receptors modulates angiogenic activity of angiopoietin2 in endothelial progenitor cells.
    Authors: Kim KL, Shin IS, Kim JM, Choi JH, Byun J, Jeon ES, Suh W, Kim DK
    Cardiovasc. Res., 2006;72(3):394-402.
  134. Pericytes and endothelial precursor cells: cellular interactions and contributions to malignancy.
    Authors: Bagley RG, Weber W, Rouleau C, Teicher BA
    Cancer Res., 2005;65(21):9741-50.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  135. Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) sequentially shapes the NK cell repertoire during the course of asymptomatic infection and Kaposi sarcoma.
    Authors: Dupuy S, Lambert M, Zucman D, Choukem SP, Tognarelli S, Pages C, Lebbe C, Caillat-Zucman S
    PLoS Pathog., 2012;8(1):e1002486.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  136. Differential requirements for hematopoietic commitment between human and rhesus embryonic stem cells.
    Authors: Rajesh&lt;/LastName&gt;&lt;ForeNam D&lt;/Initial, Rajesh D, Chinnasamy N, Mitalipov SM, Wolf DP, Slukvin I, Thomson JA, Shaaban AF
    Stem Cells, 2007;25(2):490-9.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: Bioassay
  137. Neuropilin-2 interacts with VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 and promotes human endothelial cell survival and migration.
    Authors: Favier B, Alam A, Barron P, Bonnin J, Laboudie P, Fons P, Mandron M, Herault JP, Neufeld G, Savi P, Herbert JM, Bono F
    Blood, 2006;108(4):1243-50.
  138. Sulfated polysaccharides identified as inducers of neuropilin-1 internalization and functional inhibition of VEGF165 and semaphorin3A.
    Authors: Narazaki M, Segarra M, Tosato G
    Blood, 2008;111(8):4126-36.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  139. Regulation of SDF-1 (CXCL12) production by osteoblasts; a possible mechanism for stem cell homing.
    Authors: Jung Y, Wang J, Schneider A, Sun YX, Koh-Paige AJ, Osman NI, McCauley LK, Taichman RS
    Bone, 2006;38(4):497-508.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  140. Lymphatic reprogramming of microvascular endothelial cells by CEA-related cell adhesion molecule-1 via interaction with VEGFR-3 and Prox1.
    Authors: Kilic N, Oliveira-Ferrer L, Neshat-Vahid S, Irmak S, Obst-Pernberg K, Wurmbach JH, Loges S, Kilic E, Weil J, Lauke H, Tilki D, Singer BB, Ergun S
    Blood, 2007;110(13):4223-33.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  141. Anti-human activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) antibody attenuates bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9)-induced ALK1 signaling and interferes with endothelial cell sprouting.
    Authors: van Meeteren LA, Thorikay M, Bergqvist S, Pardali E, Stampino CG, Hu-Lowe D, Goumans MJ, ten Dijke P
    J. Biol. Chem., 2012;287(22):18551-61.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  142. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A stimulates Snail expression in breast tumor cells: implications for tumor progression.
    Authors: Wanami LS, Chen HY, Peiro S, Garcia de Herreros A, Bachelder RE
    Exp. Cell Res., 2008;314(13):2448-53.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  143. Specific involvement of SRC family kinase activation in the pathogenesis of retinal neovascularization.
    Authors: Werdich XQ, Penn JS
    Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci., 2006;47(11):5047-56.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
  144. Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 regulates melanoma vascular development.
    Authors: Huh SJ, Chung CY, Sharma A
    Am. J. Pathol., 2010;176(6):2948-57.
    Species: Mouse
    Application: In Vivo
  145. Inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis by soluble EphB4.
    Authors: Martiny-Baron G, Korff T, Schaffner F, Esser N, Eggstein S, Marme D, Augustin HG
    Neoplasia, 2004;6(3):248-57.
    Species: Human
    Application: Bioassay
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