>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Measured by the ability of the immobilized protein to support the adhesion and proliferation of HCT‑116 human colorectal carcinoma cells under low serum conditions. The ED50 for this effect is 2-10 µg/mL.
E. coli-derived mouse Reg4 protein Asp23-Thr157, with an N-terminal Met
Immobilized Recombinant Mouse Reg4 (Catalog # 4780-RG) stimulates proliferation of HCT‑116 human colorectal carcinoma cells under low serum conditions. The ED50 for this effect is 2-10 µg/mL.
Reg4 (regenerating islet‑derived protein 4), also called Reg IV or RELP (Reg‑like protein), is a 17 kDa secreted glycoprotein belonging to the regenerating gene (Reg) family within the calcium (C‑type) dependent lectin superfamily, although carbohydrate binding of Reg4 is calcium‑independent (1 ‑ 4). Mouse Reg4 is synthesized as a 157 amino acid (aa) precursor with a 22 aa signal sequence and a 135 aa mature chain that contains a C‑type lectin‑like domain (CTLD) and two potential N‑linked glycosylation sites. Mouse Reg4 shares 68%, 88%, 64% and 64% aa sequence identity with human, rat, canine and porcine Reg4, respectively. Like other members of the regenerating gene family, Reg4 is preferentially expressed in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (1, 2, 5). Reg4 expression is increased within or near inflammation, dysplasia and metaplasia of the GI epithelium, such as inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), colon adenocarcinoma, pancreatic cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, and is often increased in the plasma in these conditions (1 ‑ 3, 5, 6). It is especially associated with neuroendocrine tumors in the GI, as well as some prostate, parathyroid, skin Merkel cell and lung small‑cell carcinomas (6 ‑ 8). Reg4 expression is induced by growth factors and promotes phosphorylation and activation of the EGF R (5, 7, 9). Tumor cells expressing Reg4 are generally more mitogenic, metastatic and resistant to apoptosis (10 ‑ 12).
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Regenerating Islet-derived 4
Entrez Gene IDs:
83998 (Human); 67709 (Mouse); 445583 (Rat)
Gastrointestinal secretory protein; GISP; GISPREG-4; Reg IV; Reg4; regenerating gene type IV; regenerating islet-derived family, member 4; regenerating islet-derived protein 4; Regenerating islet-derived protein IV; REG-IV; RELP; RELPREG-like protein
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