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MMPs, TIMPs and Related Molecules

Matrix Metalloproteases (MMPs) play important roles in many physiological or pathological processes including embryonic development, morphogenesis, reproduction, tissue remodeling, arthritis, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Membrane-Type MMPs (MT-MMPs) have emerged as an important subgroup. MMPs function in the breakdown of extracellular matrix and in the processing of a variety of biological molecules. MMP activities are regulated at multiple levels such as the activation of proenzymes and via suppression by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs).