Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Detection of Recombinant Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC‑1 by Western Blot.
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Product Details
Citations (1)
Supplemental Products
Reviews (4)

Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) GRO beta and rhGRO gamma is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Antigen Affinity-purified
E. coli-derived recombinant human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 275-GR)
Accession # P09341
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.


Recommended Concentration
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
See below
Measured by its ability to neutralize CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC‑1-induced chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CXCR2. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.03-0.15 µg/mL in the presence of 0.01 µg/mL Recombinant Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC‑1.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Western Blot Detection of Recombinant Human CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 antibody by Western Blot. View Larger

Detection of Recombinant Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows 25 ng of Recombinant Human CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 (Catalog # 275-GR), Recombinant Mouse CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 aa 20-96 (Catalog # 453-KC), Recombinant Rat CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 (Catalog # 515-CN), Recombinant Human CXCL2/GRO beta /MIP-2/CINC-3 aa 35-107 (Catalog # 276-GB), Recombinant Human CXCL3/GRO gamma/CINC-2/DCIP-1 (Catalog # 277-GG), Recombinant Human CXCL7/NAP-2 (Catalog # 393-NP), and Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 (Catalog # 795-P4). PVDF Membrane was probed with 0.1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF275) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). A specific band was detected for CXCL1/GROa/KC/CINC-1 at approximately 11 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 3.

Neutralization Chemotaxis Induced by CXCL1/GRO alpha  and Neutralization by Human CXCL1/GRO alpha  Antibody. View Larger

Chemotaxis Induced by CXCL1/GRO alpha and Neutralization by Human CXCL1/GRO alpha Antibody. Recombinant Human CXCL1/GROa (Catalog # 275-GR) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro-B cell line transfected with human CXCR2 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human CXCL1/GROa (0.01 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Human CXCL1/GROa Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF275). The ND50 is typically 0.03-0.15 µg/mL.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CXCL1/GRO alpha/KC/CINC-1

The gene for CXCL1/GRO alpha was initially discovered in hamster cells, using subtractive hybridization techniques, as a message that is over-expressed in tumorigenic cells and in normal cells during growth stimulation. The hamster cDNA was cloned and used as a probe for the subsequent cloning of the human GRO cDNA. Independently, a cDNA encoding a secreted protein with melanoma growth stimulating activity (MGSA) was also cloned from a human melanoma cell line and found to be identical to GRO. In addition to the initially cloned GRO gene, now designated CXCL1, two additional GRO genes, GRO beta or MIP-2 alpha and GRO gamma or MIP‑2 beta, which shared 90% and 86% amino acid sequence homology, respectively, with CXCL1, have been identified. All three human GROs are members of the alpha (C-X-C) subfamily of chemokines. The three GRO cDNAs encode 107 amino acid precursor proteins from which the N-terminal 34 amino acid residues are cleaved to generate the mature GROs. There are no potential N-linked glycosylation sites in the amino acid sequences. GRO expression is inducible by serum or PDGF and/or by a variety of inflammatory mediators, such as IL-1 and TNF, in monocytes, fibroblasts, melanocytes, and epithelial cells. In certain tumor cell lines, GRO is expressed constitutively. Similar to other alpha chemokines, the three GRO proteins are potent neutrophil attractants and activators. In addition, these chemokines are also active toward basophils. All three GROs can bind with high affinity to the IL-8 receptor type B. The rat homolog of human CXCL1, CINC, is much more active than human CXCL1 on rat neutrophils, suggesting that this cytokine may have selective species specificity.

Entrez Gene IDs
2919 (Human); 14825 (Mouse); 81503 (Rat)
Alternate Names
CINC1; CINC-1; CXCL1; FSP; GRO alpha; GRO1; GROa; KC; MGSA; MGSA-a; MGSA-alpha; NAP-3; SCYB1

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Citation for Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Imbalance in the expression of CXC chemokines correlates with bronchoalveolar lavage fluid angiogenic activity and procollagen levels in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
    Authors: Keane MP, Donnelly SC, Belperio JA, Goodman RB, Dy M, Burdick MD, Fishbein MC, Strieter RM
    J. Immunol., 2002;169(11):6515-21.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: BALF
    Applications: ELISA Development


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Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

Goat IgG (H+L) Antibody


Reviews for Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody

Average Rating: 4.5 (Based on 4 Reviews)

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Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody
By Katie Myers on 11/28/2022
Application: ELISA Sample Tested: Serum Species: Primate

Worked as a capture in our NHP ELISA

Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 10/17/2018
Application: WB Sample Tested: iDC human immature myeloid dendritic cells,Jurkat human acute T cell leukemia cell line Species: Human

Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 08/17/2018
Application: ELISA Sample Tested: EDTA Plasma Species: Human

CXCL1 levels were measured in plasma samples using this antibody.

Human CXCL1/GRO alpha /KC/CINC-1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 11/22/2017
Application: ELISA Sample Tested: Serum and Plasma Species: Human

AF275 was used as both the capture and detection antibody in a sandwich ELISA for GRO-alpha. The immunoassay standard was 275-GR.