Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine HS ELISA Kit

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Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 ELISA Standard Curve
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Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine HS ELISA Kit Summary

Sample Type & Volume Required Per Well
Serum (100 uL), EDTA Plasma (100 uL), Heparin Plasma (100 uL), Saliva (10 uL)
0.063 pg/mL
Assay Range
0.1 - 8 pg/mL (Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma, Saliva)
Natural and recombinant human IL-1 beta. This assay also recognizes recombinant rhesus macaque IL-1 beta (aa 117-269).
Cross-reactivity observed with 1 or more available related molecules.< 50% cross-species reactivity observed with species tested.
No significant interference observed with available related molecules.

Product Summary

The Quantikine HS Human IL-1 beta Immunoassay is a 4 hour solid phase ELISA designed to measure human IL-1 beta levels in serum, plasma, and saliva. It contains E. coli-expressed recombinant human IL-1 beta and antibodies raised against the recombinant factor and has been shown to accurately quantitate recombinant human IL-1 beta. Results obtained using natural IL-1 beta showed linear curves that were parallel to the standard curves obtained using the Quantikine HS kit standards. These results indicate that the Quantikine HS Immunoassay kit can be used to determine relative mass values for natural human IL-1 beta. Reports indicate that ELISA kits calibrated using mature IL-1 beta as a standard will detect, but considerably underestimate, the unprocessed IL-1 beta precursor present in samples. In biological samples other than cell lysates, the precursor form of IL-1 beta is usually not the predominant form of IL-1 beta present and, additionally, is not biologically active. Therefore, results obtained using this kit should provide a useful measure of the levels of active IL-1 beta present in serum, plasma, and saliva.


Intra-Assay Precision (Precision within an assay) Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess intra-assay precision
Inter-Assay Precision (Precision between assays) Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty separate assays to assess inter-assay precision. Assays were performed by at least three technicians using two lots of components

Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma, Saliva

Intra-Assay Precision Inter-Assay Precision
Sample 1 2 3 1 2 3
n 20 20 20 20 20 20
Mean 0.315 1.3 2.52 0.27 1.36 2.6
Standard Deviation 0.014 0.05 0.06 0.029 0.101 0.163
CV% 4.4 3.9 2.4 10.7 7.4 6.3


The recovery of human IL-1 beta spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated.

Sample Type Average % Recovery Range %
EDTA Plasma (n=4) 94 87-106
Heparin Plasma (n=4) 92 89-99
Serum (n=4) 91 86-101


To assess the linearity of the assay, samples containing and/or spiked with high concentrations of human IL-1 beta were serially diluted with calibrator diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 ELISA Linearity

Data Examples

Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 ELISA Standard Curve

Product Datasheets

Preparation and Storage

The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2

IL-1 beta (Interleukin-1 beta) is produced in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. It plays a central role in immune and inflammatory responses, bone remodeling, fever, carbohydrate metabolism, and GH/IGF-I physiology. IL-1 beta dysregulation is implicated in many pathological conditions including sepsis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, acute and chronic myelogenous leukemia, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, neuronal injury, and aging-related diseases. Intracellular cleavage of the IL-1 beta precursor by Caspase-1/ICE is a key step in the inflammatory response. IL-1 beta binds to IL-1 RI and IL-1 RII. The IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1 RAcP) associates with IL-1 RI and is required for IL-1 RI signal transduction, and IL-1ra is a secreted molecule that functions as a competitive inhibitor of IL-1 bioactivity.

Long Name:
Interleukin 1 beta
Entrez Gene IDs:
3553 (Human); 16176 (Mouse); 24494 (Rat); 397122 (Porcine); 403974 (Canine); 100034237 (Equine); 100135556 (Guinea Pig)
Alternate Names:
catabolin; IL1 beta; IL-1 beta; IL-1; IL1B; IL-1b; IL1-BETA; IL-1F2; IL1F2IL-1 beta; interleukin 1, beta; interleukin-1 beta; preinterleukin 1 beta; pro-interleukin-1-beta
⚠ WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including N,N-Dimethylforamide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer. For more information, go to

Citations for Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine HS ELISA Kit

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

45 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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  1. Galectin 3 and Galectin 3 Binding Protein Improve the Risk Stratification after Myocardial Infarction
    Authors: G Gagno, L Padoan, E Stenner, A Beleù, F Ziberna, C Hiche, A Paldino, G Barbati, G Biolo, N Fiotti, T Not, AP Beltrami, G Sinagra, A Aleksova
    J Clin Med, 2019;8(5):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  2. Probiotic Lactobacillus Plantarum 299v decreases kynurenine concentration and improves cognitive functions in patients with major depression: A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled study
    Authors: L Rudzki, L Ostrowska, D Pawlak, A Ma?us, K Pawlak, N Waszkiewic, A Szulc
    Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2019;100(0):213-222.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  3. Inter-ictal assay of peripheral circulating inflammatory mediators in migraine patients under adjunctive cervical non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS): A proof-of-concept study
    Authors: SR Chaudhry, IS Lendvai, S Muhammad, P Westhofen, J Kruppenbac, L Scheef, H Boecker, D Scheele, R Hurlemann, TM Kinfe
    Brain Stimul, 2019;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  4. Association between baseline pro-inflammatory cytokines and brain activation during social exclusion in patients with vulnerability to suicide and depressive disorder
    Authors: I Conejero, I Jaussent, A Cazals, E Thouvenot, T Mura, E Le Bars, S Guillaume, S Squalli, P Courtet, E Olié
    Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2019;99(0):236-242.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  5. Osmotic and hypoxic induction of the complement factor C9 in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells: Regulation of VEGF and NLRP3 expression
    Authors: M Hollborn, C Ackmann, H Kuhrt, F Doktor, L Kohen, P Wiedemann, A Bringmann
    Mol. Vis., 2018;24(0):518-535.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
  6. Combination of Plasma Biomarkers and Clinical Data for the Detection of Myocardial Fibrosis or Aggravation of Heart Failure Symptoms in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Patients
    Authors: CK Wu, MM Su, YF Wu, JJ Hwang, LY Lin
    J Clin Med, 2018;7(11):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  7. Effects of the Ketogenic diet in overweight divers breathing Enriched Air Nitrox
    Authors: G Bosco, A Rizzato, S Quartesan, E Camporesi, D Mangar, M Paganini, L Cenci, S Malacrida, S Mrakic-Spo, S Moretti, A Paoli
    Sci Rep, 2018;8(1):2655.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  8. Prolonged mechanical ventilation worsens sepsis-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction in the rat
    Authors: M Le Dinh, S Carreira, J Obert, G Gayan-Rami, B Riou, M Beuvin, T Similowski, C Coirault, A Demoule
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(8):e0200429.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  9. Ghrelin and hormonal markers under exercise training in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: results from the Ex-DHF pilot study
    Authors: TD Trippel, V Holzendorf, M Halle, G Gelbrich, K Nolte, A Duvinage, S Schwarz, T Rutscher, J Wiora, R Wachter, C Herrmann-L, HD Duengen, G Hasenfu beta, B Pieske, F Edelmann
    ESC Heart Fail, 2017;4(1):56-65.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  10. Inflammation and Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease: Findings From the CRIC Study
    Authors: E Peyster, J Chen, HI Feldman, AS Go, J Gupta, N Mitra, Q Pan, A Porter, M Rahman, D Raj, M Reilly, MR Wing, W Yang, RR Townsend,
    Am. J. Hypertens., 2017;30(4):400-408.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  11. Interleukin-1? levels predict long-term mortality and need for heart transplantation in ambulatory patients affected by idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
    Authors: A Aleksova, AP Beltrami, C Carriere, G Barbati, P Lesizza, M Perrieri-M, M Isola, P Gentile, E Salvioni, T Not, P Agostoni, G Sinagra
    Oncotarget, 2017;8(15):25131-25140.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  12. Effect of combined consumption of Lactobacillus brevis KB290 and ?-carotene on minor diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome-like symptoms in healthy subjects: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial
    Authors: N Fuke, K Aizawa, H Suganuma, T Takagi, Y Naito
    Int J Food Sci Nutr, 2017;0(0):1-14.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  13. Aberrant Inflammasome Activation Characterizes Tuberculosis-Associated Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome
    Authors: HY Tan, YK Yong, EM Shankar, G Paukovics, R Ellegård, M Larsson, A Kamarulzam, MA French, SM Crowe
    J Immunol, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  14. Association between Inflammation and Cardiac Geometry in Chronic Kidney Disease: Findings from the CRIC Study.
    Authors: Gupta J, Dominic E, Fink J, Ojo A, Barrows I, Reilly M, Townsend R, Joffe M, Rosas S, Wolman M, Patel S, Keane M, Feldman H, Kusek J, Raj D
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0124772.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  15. Effects of Acute Endurance Exercise Performed in the Morning and Evening on Inflammatory Cytokine and Metabolic Hormone Responses.
    Authors: Kim H, Konishi M, Takahashi M, Tabata H, Endo N, Numao S, Lee S, Kim Y, Suzuki K, Sakamoto S
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(9):e0137567.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  16. High-salt intake induced visceral adipose tissue hypoxia and its association with circulating monocyte subsets in humans.
    Authors: Zhou X, Yuan F, Ji W, Guo Z, Zhang L, Lu R, Liu X, Liu H, Zhang W, Jiang T, Zhang Z, Li Y
    Obesity (Silver Spring), 2014;22(6):1470-6.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  17. Race modifies the association between adiposity and inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease: findings from the chronic renal insufficiency cohort study.
    Authors: Wing M, Yang W, Teal V, Navaneethan S, Tao K, Ojo A, Guzman N, Reilly M, Wolman M, Rosas S, Cuevas M, Fischer M, Lustigova E, Master S, Xie D, Appleby D, Joffe M, Kusek J, Feldman H, Raj D
    Obesity (Silver Spring), 2014;22(5):1359-66.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  18. Inflammatory thresholds and the species-specific effects of colonising bacteria in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    Authors: Singh R, Mackay A, Patel A, Garcha D, Kowlessar B, Brill S, Donnelly L, Barnes P, Donaldson G, Wedzicha J
    Respir Res, 2014;15(0):114.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Sputum
  19. Endothelial activation by platelets from sickle cell anemia patients.
    Authors: Proenca-Ferreira R, Brugnerotto A, Garrido V, Dominical V, Vital D, Ribeiro M, dos Santos M, Traina F, Olalla-Saad S, Costa F, Conran N
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(2):e89012.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  20. Circulating mitochondrial DNA increases with age and is a familiar trait: Implications for "inflamm-aging"
    Authors: Pinti M, Cevenini E, Nasi M, De Biasi S, Salvioli S, Monti D, Benatti S, Gibellini L, Cotichini R, Stazi M, Trenti T, Franceschi C, Cossarizza A
    Eur J Immunol, 2014;44(5):1552-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  21. An autoinflammatory neurological disease due to interleukin 6 hypersecretion.
    Authors: Salsano, Ettore, Rizzo, Ambra, Bedini, Gloria, Bernard, Loris, Dall'olio, Valentin, Volorio, Sara, Lazzaroni, Monica, Ceccherini, Isabella, Lazarevic, Dejan, Cittaro, Davide, Stupka, Elia, Paterra, Rosina, Farina, Laura, Savoiardo, Mario, Pareyson, Davide, Sciacca, Francesc
    J Neuroinflammation, 2013;10(0):29.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  22. Echocardiography, spirometry, and systemic acute-phase inflammatory proteins in smokers with COPD or CHF: an observational study.
    Authors: Beghe B, Verduri A, Bottazzi B, Stendardo M, Fucili A, Balduzzi S, Leuzzi C, Papi A, Mantovani A, Fabbri L, Ceconi C, Boschetto P
    PLoS ONE, 2013;8(11):e80166.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  23. The relationship of systemic inflammation to prior hospitalization in adult patients with cystic fibrosis.
    Authors: Ngan D, Wilcox P, Aldaabil M, Li Y, Leipsic J, Sin D, Man S
    BMC Pulm Med, 2012;12(0):3.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  24. Folic acid treatment normalizes NOS-dependence of vascular tone in the metabolic syndrome.
    Authors: Schneider MP, Schlaich MP, Harazny JM, Raff U, Ritt M, Ott C, Schmieder RE
    Obesity (Silver Spring), 2011;19(5):960-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  25. Time-course of changes in inflammatory response after whole-body cryotherapy multi exposures following severe exercise.
    Authors: Pournot H, Bieuzen F, Louis J, Fillard JR, Barbiche E, Hausswirth C
    PLoS ONE, 2011;6(7):e22748.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  26. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor blocks the production of West Nile virus-induced neuroinflammatory markers in astrocytes.
    Authors: Verma S, Kumar M, Nerurkar VR
    J. Gen. Virol., 2011;92(0):507-15.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
  27. Interleukin-1beta, C-x-C motif ligand 10, and interferon-gamma serum levels in mixed cryoglobulinemia with or without autoimmune thyroiditis.
    Authors: Antonelli A, Ferri C, Ferrari SM, De Marco S, Di Domenicantonio A, Centanni M, Pupilli C, Villa E, Menichetti F, Fallahi P
    J. Interferon Cytokine Res., 2010;30(11):835-42.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  28. Procalcitonin as an early marker of bacterial infection in neutropenic febrile children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
    Authors: Hatzistilianou M, Rekliti A, Athanassiadou F, Catriu D
    Inflamm. Res., 2010;59(5):339-47.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  29. Changes in cytokine levels during acute hyperinsulinemia in offspring of type 2 diabetic subjects.
    Authors: Ruotsalainen E, Stancakova A, Vauhkonen I, Salmenniemi U, Pihlajamaki J, Punnonen K, Laakso M
    Atherosclerosis, 2010;210(2):536-41.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  30. Maternal IL-1beta production prevents lung injury in a mouse model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
    Authors: Backstrom E, Lappalainen U, Bry K
    Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 2010;42(2):149-60.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  31. In vivo regulation of interleukin 1beta in patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes.
    Authors: Lachmann HJ, Lowe P, Felix SD, Rordorf C, Leslie K, Madhoo S, Wittkowski H, Bek S, Hartmann N, Bosset S, Hawkins PN, Jung T
    J. Exp. Med., 2009;206(5):1029-36.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  32. Two large preoperative doses of erythropoietin do not reduce the systemic inflammatory response to cardiac surgery.
    Authors: Poulsen TD, Andersen LW, Steinbruchel D, Gotze JP, Jorgensen OS, Olsen NV
    J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth., 2009;23(3):316-23.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  33. The proinflammatory environment in potential heart and lung donors: prevalence and impact of donor management and hormonal therapy.
    Authors: Venkateswaran RV, Dronavalli V, Lambert PA, Steeds RP, Wilson IC, Thompson RD, Mascaro JG, Bonser RS
    Transplantation, 2009;88(4):582-8.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  34. Positive affect and inflammation during radiation treatment for breast and prostate cancer.
    Authors: Sepah SC, Bower JE
    Brain Behav. Immun., 2009;23(8):1068-72.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  35. Serum CXCL13 positively correlates with prostatic disease, prostate-specific antigen and mediates prostate cancer cell invasion, integrin clustering and cell adhesion.
    Authors: Singh S, Singh R, Sharma PK, Singh UP, Rai SN, Chung LW, Cooper CR, Novakovic KR, Grizzle WE, Lillard JW
    Cancer Lett., 2009;283(1):29-35.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  36. Correlation between salivary IL-1beta levels and periodontal clinical status.
    Authors: Tobon-Arroyave S, Jaramillo-Gonzalez P, Isaza-Guzman D
    Arch Oral Biol, 2008;53(4):346-52.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Saliva
  37. Defining cancer cachexia in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
    Authors: Richey LM, George JR, Couch ME, Kanapkey BK, Yin X, Cannon T, Stewart PW, Weissler MC, Shores CG
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2007;13(22):6561-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  38. The influence of anger expression on wound healing.
    Authors: Gouin JP, Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Malarkey WB, Glaser R
    Brain Behav. Immun., 2007;22(5):699-708.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Tissue Secretion
  39. Expression of interleukin-18 and caspase-1 in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
    Authors: Yamanaka K, Clark R, Dowgiert R, Hurwitz D, Shibata M, Rich BE, Hirahara K, Jones DA, Eapen S, Mizutani H, Kupper TS
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2006;12(2):376-82.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
  40. Increased interleukin-18 in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and early attachment loss.
    Authors: Miranda LA, Fischer RG, Sztajnbok FR, Johansson A, Figueredo CM, Gustafsson A
    J. Periodontol., 2005;76(1):75-82.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  41. Markers of inflammation in exhaled breath condensate of young healthy smokers.
    Authors: Garey KW, Neuhauser MM, Robbins RA, Danziger LH, Rubinstein I
    Chest, 2004;125(1):22-6.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Exhaled Breath Condensate (EBC)
  42. Pathogenesis of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in cynomolgus macaques: evidence that dendritic cells are early and sustained targets of infection.
    Authors: Geisbert TW, Hensley LE, Larsen T, Young HA, Reed DS, Geisbert JB, Scott DP, Kagan E, Jahrling PB, Davis KJ
    Am. J. Pathol., 2003;163(6):2347-70.
    Species: Primate - Macaca fascicularis (Crab-eating Monkey or Cynomolgus Macaque)
    Sample Types: Serum
  43. The soluble form of IL-1 receptor accessory protein enhances the ability of soluble type II IL-1 receptor to inhibit IL-1 action.
    Authors: Smith DE, Hanna R, Della Friend, Moore H, Chen H, Farese AM, MacVittie TJ, Virca GD, Sims JE
    Immunity, 2003;18(1):87-96.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  44. Impact of an exercise-induced increase in cardiac troponin I in chronic heart failure secondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
    Authors: Schulz O, 2019, Sigusch HH
    Am. J. Cardiol., 2002;90(5):547-50.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
  45. Cytokine production in rhesus monkeys infected with Plasmodium coatneyi.
    Authors: Yang C, Xiao L, Tongren JE, Sullivan J, Lal AA, Collins WE
    Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1999;61(2):226-9.
    Species: Primate
    Sample Types: Serum


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Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine HS ELISA Kit
By Anonymous on 08/04/2017
Sample Tested: Peripheral blood neutrophils

100uL of sample (neat for my experiments) is required per well. Easy to follow instructions.