Human IL-2 Quantikine QuicKit ELISA

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Human IL-2 ELISA Standard Curve
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Product Details
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Human IL-2 Quantikine QuicKit ELISA Summary

Assay Length
80 minutes
Sample Type & Volume Required Per Well
Cell Culture Supernates (50 uL), Serum (50 uL), EDTA Plasma (50 uL), Heparin Plasma (50 uL)
2.01 pg/mL
Assay Range
31.3 - 2,000 pg/mL (Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma)
Natural and recombinant human IL-2.
< 0.5% cross-reactivity observed with available related molecules.< 50% cross-species reactivity observed with species tested.
No significant interference observed with available related molecules.

Product Summary

The Quantikine® QuicKit™ Human IL-2 Immunoassay is a one step, 80-minute solid phase ELISA designed to measure human IL-2 levels in cell culture supernates, serum, and plasma. It contains E. coli-expressed recombinant human IL-2 and antibodies raised against the recombinant protein. Results obtained for naturally occurring human IL-2 showed linear curves that were parallel to the standard curves obtained using the recombinant QuicKit™ standards. These results indicate that this kit can be used to determine relative mass values for natural IL-2.


Intra-Assay Precision (Precision within an assay) Two samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess intra-assay precision
Inter-Assay Precision (Precision between assays) Two samples of known concentration were tested in ten separate assays to assess inter-assay precision. Assays were performed by at least three technicians

Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, Plasma, EDTA Plasma, Heparin Plasma

Intra-Assay Precision Inter-Assay Precision
Sample 1 2 1 2
n 20 20 10 10
Mean (pg/mL) 217 1231 213 1331
Standard Deviation 5.7 33.1 17.1 67.7
CV% 2.6 2.7 8 5.1


The recovery of human IL-2 spiked to three levels in samples throughout the range of the assay was evaluated.

Sample Type Average % Recovery Range %
Cell Culture Media (n=4) 112 103-119
EDTA Plasma (n=2) 85 72-96
Heparin Plasma (n=2) 85 74-93
Serum (n=2) 91 73-105


To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human IL-2 in various matrices and diluted with 1X Kit Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
Human IL-2 ELISA Linearity

Scientific Data

Human IL-2 ELISA Standard Curve

Human IL-2 QuicKit Spiked Recovery Competitor Comparison IL-2 is spiked at three known concentrations throughout the range of the assay and run to measure response of the spiked sample matrix. Serum recovery is 103% compared to 113% for the top competitor. EDTA Plasma recovery is 107% compared to 111% for the top competitor. Heparin Plasma recovery is 100% compared to 102% for the top competitor. In spike and recovery experiments, natural samples are spiked with the recombinant target analyte of interest to identify interference caused by sample matrices.

Product Datasheets

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Preparation and Storage

The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Background: IL-2

Interleukin 2 (IL-2), also known as T cell growth factor (TCGF), is a 15-18 kDa variably glycosylated alpha -helical polypeptide that is a member of the Common gamma Chain ( gamma c) cytokine family (1-4). It exists as a monomer and has a notably short half-life (< 30 minutes) (1). Human IL-2 is synthesized as a 153 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 20 aa signal sequence plus a 133 aa mature region (5, 6). The mature region is alpha -helical in nature, and contains one utilized O-linked glycosylation site at Thr3 plus three cysteines, two of which form an intrachain disulfide bond that is essential for activity (7). Mature human IL-2 shares 73%, 66%, 78% and 97% aa identity with canine, rat, feline and rhesus monkey IL-2, respectively. Although human IL-2 shares only approximately 60% aa identity with the highly polymorphic mouse IL-2, human IL-2 is known to be active on mouse IL-2 responsive cells. Cells reported to secrete IL-2 include gamma δ T cells (8), activated conventional CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (1, 9), neurons (10, 11), microglia (12), and hematopoietic stem cells (13). 

The receptor for IL-2 (IL-2 R) is composed of three subunits, the 55 kDa CD25/IL-2 R alpha chain, the 70 kDa IL-2 R beta chain, and the 65 kDa Common gamma Chain (1, 3). IL-2 first binds to CD25, the binary complex then recruits IL-2 R beta and gamma c to form the quaternary signaling complex (1, 14). In addition to IL-2, IL-2 R beta is used by IL-15 in its quaternary signaling complex. gamma c also serves as a signaling receptor for IL-4, -7, -9, -15, and -21 (1, 3). 
In vitro studies have shown an important role for IL-2 in T cell activation and expansion. In vivo, IL-2 is critical for the development, maintenance and function of regulatory T cells (Treg) which provide protection against autoimmune disease. On the other hand, IL-2 can also promote autoimmune inflammation in target organs through its roles in regulating the expression of T cell trafficking genes, and production of Th2 cytokines. Within the CD8+ T cell subset, IL-2 is essential for optimal primary responses and differentiation into terminal effector cells. IL-2 also promotes the development of activated CD8+ T cells into memory cells. (1).

Long Name:
Interleukin 2
Entrez Gene IDs:
3558 (Human); 16183 (Mouse); 116562 (Rat); 396868 (Porcine); 280822 (Bovine); 403989 (Canine); 100034204 (Equine); 751114 (Feline); 100302458 (Rabbit)
Alternate Names:
Aldesleukin; IL2; IL-2; IL-2lymphokine; interleukin 2; interleukin-2; involved in regulation of T-cell clonal expansion; Proleukin; T cell growth factor; T-cell growth factor; TCGF

Assay Procedure

These assays utilize an anti-tag coated microplate. Standards, samples, and controls are added to plate, followed by subsequent addition of an antibody cocktail. Following a 1 hour incubation, plates are washed and substrate is added and incubated for 20 minutes. Stop solution is then added and plates are read using a standard microplate reader.

QuicKit ELISA assay procedure


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