Human PAWR Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human PAWR in direct ELISAs and Western blots.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human PAWR
    Arg2-Ala121
    Accession # CAD88640
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
PAWR in LNCaP Human Cell Line. PAWR was detected in immersion fixed LNCaP human prostate cancer cell line using Sheep Anti-Human PAWR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6885) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (red, upper panel; Catalog # NL010) and counterstained with DAPI (blue, lower panel). Specific staining was localized to cell surfaces and cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PAWR

PAWR (PRKC Apoptosis WT1 Regulator protein; also PAR-4) is an intracellular, 38-42 kDa pro-apoptotic protein. It is widely expressed, and serves multiple functions. WT1 protein is both a transcriptional activator and repressor. When complexed to PAWR, WT1 activation function is repressed, while its repressor activity is enhanced. Thus, PAWR generates transcriptional repression. PAWR also binds to the atypical lambda PKC and zeta PKC isotypes. Such binding inhibits PKC avtivity, blocks cell division and MAPK activation, and promotes Fas-mediated cell apoptosis. Finally, in neurons, PAWR binds to BACE1, promoting the cleavage of APP. Human PAWR is 340 amino acids (aa) in length. It contains an Ala-rich region (aa 49-120), an NLS (aa 145-161), one coiled-coil region (aa 186-206), and a Leu-zipper domain (aa 300-340). There are at least five utilized Ser/Thr phosphorylation sites. PAWR forms noncovalent homodimers and is reported to homooligomerize. There is one potential splice form that shows a three aa substitution for aa 173-340, and a P-P-A-R substitution for A102P103. Full-length PAWR shares 78% aa identity with mouse PAWR.

           

  • Long Name:
    PRKC, Apoptosis, WT1, Regulator
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    5074 (Human); 114774 (Mouse); 64513 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    PAR4; PAWR; WT1 Interacting Protein
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