Human Polycystin-1/PKD1 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Polycystin-1/PKD1 in direct ELISAs.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human Polycystin-1/PKD1
    Gly4142-Thr4303
    Accession # P98161
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
Polycystin‑1/PKD1 in Human HUVEC. Polycystin‑1/PKD1 was detected in immersion fixed HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells using Sheep Anti-Human Polycystin‑1/PKD1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6270) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL010) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cell membranes, cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticula. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Polycystin-1/PKD1
Polycystin-1 (also PKD1) is a 500-550 kDa member of the polycystin family of proteins. It is expressed in renal tubule primary cilia, and the membrane region that forms adherens junctions. Polycystin-1 binds to polycystin-2, promoting its insertion into the cell membrane, and regulating its calcium channel activity. In conjunction with polycystin-2, it detects fluid flow and converts this information into calcium signals. It also exists in the ER, where it negatively modulates polycystin-2 mediated calcium release. Mature human polycystin-1 is a 4280 amino acid (aa), 11 transmembrane glycoprotein. Its N-terminal extracellular region (aa 24-3074) is highly modular, and contains a C-type lecin domain, multiple Leu-rich repeats and PKD domains, one GPS region and a PLAT, REJ, WSC and LDLR domain. The cytoplasmic C-terminus (aa 4107-4303) contains a polycystin-2 coiled-coil interaction domain (aa 4220-4251). A percentage of polycystin-1 undergoes autoproteolysis after Leu3048, generating a presumed N-terminal fragment of ~ 350-400 kDa, and a membrane-bound C-terminal fragment of 150 kDa. Over aa 4141-4303, human polycystin-1 shares 71% aa identity with mouse polycystin-1.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    5310 (Human); 18763 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease 1 protein; PBP; Pc-1; PKD1; polycystic kidney disease 1 (autosomal dominant); polycystic kidney disease-associated protein; polycystin 1; Polycystin1; Polycystin-1; transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily P, member 1; TRPP1
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