Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Biotinylated Antibody

(2 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Mouse
  • Specificity
    Detects mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta in Western blots. In this format, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) RANTES, rhMIP-1 beta, recombinant mouse (rm) MIP-1 alpha, rhIL-8, rhGRO alpha, rhGRO beta, rhGRO gamma, rhENA‑78, rmMIP‑2, rhMCP‑1, rhMCP-2, rhMCP‑3, rhI-309, rmJE, rmC10, and rhIP-10 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta (R&D Systems, Catalog # 451-MB)
    Ala24-Asn92
    Accession # Q5QNV9
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
  • Label
    Biotin
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    0.1 µg/mL
    Recombinant Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta (Catalog # 451-MB)
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
CCL4/MIP‑1 beta in Mouse Spleen. CCL4/MIP‑1 beta was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse spleen using Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta Biotinylated Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF451) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: CCL4/MIP-1 beta
CCL4, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 beta (MIP-1 beta ), is a 12 kDa beta chemokine that is secreted at sites of inflammation by activated leukocytes, lymphocytes, vascular endothelial cells, and pulmonary smooth muscle cells (1, 2). CCL4 attracts a variety of immune cells to sites of microbial infection as well as to other pathologic inflammation such as allergic asthma and ischemic myocardium (3-8). A CCL4 deficiency in mice promotes the development of autoantibodies, possibly as a result of compromised regulatory T cell recruitment (6). CCL4 is secreted from activated monocytes as a heterodimer with CCL3/MIP-1 alpha (9). The first two N-terminal amino acids can be cleaved from human CCL4 by CD26/DPPIV (10, 11). Both the full length and truncated forms exert biological activity through CCR5, and the truncated form additionally interacts with CCR1 and CCR2 (10). In humans, the ability of CCL4 to bind CCR5 inhibits the cellular entry of M-tropic HIV-1 which utilizes CCR5 as a coreceptor (2). Both forms of CCL4 block HIV-1 infection of T cells by inducing the downregulation of CCR5 (10). Mature mouse CCL4 shares 77% and 86% aa sequence identity with human and rat CCL4, respectively.
  • References:
    1. Rot, A. and U.H. von Andrian (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:891.
    2. Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
    3. Sun, X. et al. (2006) Infec. Immun. 74:5943.
    4. Bisset, L.R. and Schmid-Grendelmeier, P. (2005) Curr. Opin. Pulm. Med. 11:35.
    5. Frangogiannis, N.G. (2004) Inflamm. Res. 53:585.
    6. Bystry, R.S. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1126.
    7. Oliveira, S.H.P. et al. (2002) J. Leukoc. Biol. 71:1019.
    8. Schall, T.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 177:1821.
    9. Guan, E. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:12404.
    10. Guan, E. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:32348.
    11. Guan, E. et al. (2004) J. Cell. Biochem. 92:53.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    6351 (Human); 20303 (Mouse); 116637 (Rat); 448786 (Canine)
  • Alternate Names:
    ACT2; ACT-2; AT744.1; C-C motif chemokine 4; CCL4; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 4; Exodus-3; G-26 T-lymphocyte-secreted protein; G-26; HC21; LAG1; LAG-1; Lymphocyte activation gene 1 protein; Macrophage inflammatory protein 1-beta; MIP1 beta; MIP-1 beta; MIP1B; MIP1B1; MIP-1-beta; MIP-1-beta(1-69); PAT 744; Protein H400; SCYA2; SCYA4; secreted protein G-26; SIS-gamma; small inducible cytokine A4 (homologous to mouse Mip-1b); Small-inducible cytokine A4; T-cell activation protein 2
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
Filter your results:

Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Regulatory effects of eotaxin on acute lung inflammatory injury.
    Authors: Guo RF, Lentsch AB, Warner RL, Huber-Lang M, Sarma JV, Hlaing T, Shi MM, Lukacs NW, Ward PA
    J. Immunol., 2001;166(8):5208-18.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: ELISA Development
  2. Role of CC chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, RANTES) in acute lung injury in rats.
    Authors: Bless NM, Huber-Lang M, Guo RF, Warner RL, Schmal H, Czermak BJ, Shanley TP, Crouch LD, Lentsch AB, Sarma V, Mulligan MS, Friedl HP, Ward PA
    J. Immunol., 2000;164(5):2650-9.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: BALF
    Application: ELISA Development
Immunohistochemistry Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

CTS015 10
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

CTS013 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mounting Medium

CTS011 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent Sampler (50 mL each)

CTS016
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

CTS014
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

NorthernLights Guard Mounting Media

NL996
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

VCTS022
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

VCTS023
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

VCTS021
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Biotinylated Control

Ctrl BAF108 19
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Staining Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Streptavidin-Phycoerythrin

Flow F0040 7
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Streptavidin-Alkaline Phosphatase

ELISA(Det) AR001 2
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

NorthernLights Streptavidin NL557

Flow, IHC, ICC NL999 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

NorthernLights Streptavidin NL637

Flow, IHC, ICC NL998 2
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

NorthernLights Streptavidin NL493

Flow, IHC, ICC NL997 1
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Streptavidin-Allophycocyanin

Flow F0050 1
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Avidin-Fluorescein

Flow F0030 1
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Supplemental Cell Selection Products
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

MagCellect Streptavidin Ferrofluid

MAG999B 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

MagCellect Streptavidin Ferrofluid

MAG999 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Supplemental ELISA Products
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Streptavidin-HRP

ELISA DY998 44
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

EvenCoat Streptavidin Coated Plates

ELISA CP004
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

EvenCoat Streptavidin Coated Plates, 5 Pack

ELISA CP003 3
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Have you used Mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Biotinylated Antibody?

Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.

Order Details

Contact Information

Calculators

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷
R&D Systems Guarantee

Monoclonal
Antibody
Panels For
Screening

Learn More
Monoclonal Antibodies

Feedback

Customer Information