Detection of CD31/PECAM‑1 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Mouse splenocytes were stained with Goat Anti-Mouse CD31/PECAM‑1 Biotinylated Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # BAF3628, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # BAF108, open histogram), followed by Streptavidin-Phycoerythrin (Catalog # F0040).
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
PECAM-1 (platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1; also known as CD31) is a 130 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein adhesion molecule in the immunoglobulin superfamily (1, 2). Expression is restricted to cells involved in circulation, especially endothelial cells, platelets, monocytes, neutrophils and lymphocyte subsets. PECAM-1 is concentrated at cell-cell junctions and is required for transendothelial migration (TEM) (1-3). The extracellular domain (ECD) of PECAM-1 has ten potential N-linked glycosylation sites and six C2-type Ig-like domains, the first of which is critical for adhesion and extravasation (3, 4). The cytoplasmic domain contains immunoregulatory tyrosine-based inhibitory and switch motifs (ITIM, ITSM) that mediate both inhibition and activation via phosphotyrosine-mediated engagement of SH2-containing signaling molecules (1, 5). Metalloproteinase-mediated ectodomain shedding occurs during apoptosis (6) but increased serum PECAM-1 ectodomain in HIV and active multiple sclerosis occurs independent of apoptosis (7, 8). In humans, expression of six isoforms with exon deletions in the cytoplasmic domain is tissue- and stage-specific, but full-length PECAM-1 is predominant. A form lacking the ITSM predominates in mouse (9). Mouse PECAM-1 ECD shows 77%, 63%, 63%, 63%, and 61% amino acid (aa) identity with rat, human, canine, porcine, and bovine PECAM-1, respectively. PECAM-1 participates with other adhesion molecules in some functions, but is the critical molecule for TEM. Homotypic PECAM-1 adhesion in trans, combined with cycling of PECAM-1 to and from surface-connected endothelial cell vesicles, leads leukocytes across endothelial tight junctions (3, 10). Homotypic adhesion and signaling functions also strongly suppress mitochondria-dependent apoptosis (11). In platelets, PECAM-1 is necessary for limiting thrombus formation (12) and promoting integrin-mediated clot retraction and platelet spreading (13), but mechanisms for these phenomena are unclear. PECAM-/- mice are deficient in chemokine-mediated chemotaxis (14).
Ilan, N. and J.A. Madri (2003) Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 15:515.
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Liao, F. et al. (1997) J. Exp. Med. 185:1349.
Nakada, M.T. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:452.
Chemnitz, J.M. et al. (2004) J. Immunol. 173:945.
Ilan, N. et al. (2001) FASEB J. 15:362.
Eugenin, E.A. et al. (2006) J. Leukoc. Biol. 79:444.
Losy, J. et al. (1999) J. Neuroimmunol. 99:169.
Wang, Y. et al. (2003) Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. 284:H1008.
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Filter-Dense Multicolor Microscopy.
Authors: Kijani S, Yrlid U, Heyden M, Levin M, Boren J, Fogelstrand P
PLoS ONE, 2015;10(3):e0119499.
Sample Type: Whole Tissue
Application: IHC - Not specified
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