Mouse IL-21 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9ES17
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of IL‑21 in Th17-stimulated Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Th17-stimulated mouse splenocytes was stained with Rat Anti-Mouse IL-21 Alexa Fluor® 488-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC594G, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC013G, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) and its receptor appear to play important roles in the regulation of the immune system. IL-21 is most related to IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15. IL-21 R, also called NILR (Novel Interleukin Receptor), is a type I cytokine receptor with 4 conserved cysteine residues and an extracellular WSXWS motif. It is most closely related to IL-2 R beta and IL-4 R alpha. Mouse IL-21 is a 146 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a 24 aa signal peptide. Mouse and human IL-21 share 57% aa identity. IL‑21 is expressed by activated T cells. Although not fully elucidated, the IL-2 R gamma ( gamma c) chain appears to play a role in IL-21 R signaling. The IL-21/IL-21 R interaction appear to play important roles in B and T cell proliferation after antigen stimulation and NK cell maturation.
- Parrish-Novak, J. et al. (2000) Nature 408:57.
- Ozaki, K. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:11439.
- Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10144.
- Asao, H. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1.
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