Mouse IL-21 APC-conjugated Antibody
Mouse IL-21 APC-conjugated Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9ES17
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of IL‑21 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes either untreated (light orange filled histogram) or treated with PMA and Calcium Ionomycin (dark orange filled histogram) were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse IL-21 APC-conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC594A, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC013A, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) and its receptor appear to play important roles in the regulation of the immune system. IL-21 is most related to IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15. IL-21 R, also called NILR (Novel Interleukin Receptor), is a type I cytokine receptor with 4 conserved cysteine residues and an extracellular WSXWS motif. It is most closely related to IL-2 R beta and IL-4 R alpha. Mouse IL-21 is a 146 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a 24 aa signal peptide. Mouse and human IL-21 share 57% aa identity. IL‑21 is expressed by activated T cells. Although not fully elucidated, the IL-2 R gamma ( gamma c) chain appears to play a role in IL-21 R signaling. The IL-21/IL-21 R interaction appear to play important roles in B and T cell proliferation after antigen stimulation and NK cell maturation.
- Parrish-Novak, J. et al. (2000) Nature 408:57.
- Ozaki, K. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:11439.
- Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10144.
- Asao, H. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1.
Citation for Mouse IL-21 APC-conjugated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
B cell priming for extrafollicular antibody responses requires Bcl-6 expression by T cells.
Authors: Lee SK, Rigby RJ, Zotos D
J. Exp. Med., 2011-06-27;208(7):1377-88.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Applications: Flow Cytometry
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