Mouse IL-21 Antibody Summary
Accession # Q9ES17
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of IL‑21 in Activated Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes were untreated (light orange filled histogram) or activated for 24 hours with 50 ng/mL PMA and 500 ng/mL Ca2+ionomycin (dark orange filled histogram) then stained with Mouse IL-21 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB594) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0061, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG F(ab')2Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) and its receptor appear to play important roles in the regulation of the immune system. IL-21 is most related to IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15. IL-21 R, also called NILR (novel interleukin receptor), is a type I cytokine receptor with 4 conserved cysteine residues and an extracellular WSXWS motif. It is most closely related to IL-2 R beta and IL-4 R alpha. Mouse IL-21 is a 146 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a 24 aa signal peptide. Mouse and human IL-21 share 57% aa identity. IL‑21 is expressed by activated T cells. Although not fully elucidated, the IL-2 R gamma ( gamma c) chain appears to play a role in IL-21 R signaling. The IL-21/IL-21 R interaction appear to play important roles in B and T cell proliferation after antigen stimulation and NK cell maturation.
- Parrish-Novak, et al. (2000) Nature 408:57.
- Ozaki, K. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:11439.
- Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10144.
- Asao, H. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1.
Citation for Mouse IL-21 Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1
Cutting edge: IL-27 induces the transcription factor c-Maf, cytokine IL-21, and the costimulatory receptor ICOS that coordinately act together to promote differentiation of IL-10-producing Tr1 cells.
Authors: Pot C, Jin H, Awasthi A
J. Immunol., 2009;183(2):797-801.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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