Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
|Detection of IL‑21 in Activated Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes were untreated (light orange filled histogram) or activated for 24 hours with 50 ng/mL PMA and 500 ng/mL Ca2+ ionomycin (dark orange filled histogram) then stained with Mouse IL‑21 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB594) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0061, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG F(ab')2 Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.|
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) and its receptor appear to play important roles in the regulation of the immune system. IL-21 is most related to IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15. IL-21 R, also called NILR (novel interleukin receptor), is a type I cytokine receptor with 4 conserved cysteine residues and an extracellular WSXWS motif. It is most closely related to IL-2 R beta and IL-4 R alpha. Mouse IL-21 is a 146 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a 24 aa signal peptide. Mouse and human IL-21 share 57% aa identity. IL‑21 is expressed by activated T cells. Although not fully elucidated, the IL-2 R gamma ( gamma c) chain appears to play a role in IL-21 R signaling. The IL-21/IL-21 R interaction appear to play important roles in B and T cell proliferation after antigen stimulation and NK cell maturation.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Showing Results 1 - 1 of 1
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
The document you requested is not available online. Please enter the Catalog Number and Lot Number below to have a document emailed to you at the address provided