Detection of IL‑21 in Mouse Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Mouse splenocytes either untreated (light orange filled histogram) or treated with PMA and Calcium Ionomycin (dark orange filled histogram) were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse IL‑21 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # IC594P, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # IC013P, open histogram). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer I (Catalog # FC005). View our protocol for Staining Intracellular Molecules.
Preparation and Storage
The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) and its receptor appear to play important roles in the regulation of the immune system. IL-21 is most closely related to IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15. IL-21 R, also called NILR (Novel Interleukin Receptor), is a type I cytokine receptor with 4 conserved cysteine residues and an extracellular WSXWS motif. It is most closely related to IL-2 R beta and IL-4 R alpha. Mouse IL-21 is a 146 amino acid (aa) residue protein with a 24 aa signal peptide. Mouse and human IL-21 share 57% aa identity. IL‑21 is expressed by activated T cells. Although not fully elucidated, the IL-2 R gamma ( gamma c) chain appears to play a role in IL-21 R signaling. The IL-21/IL-21 R interaction appears to play important roles in B and T cell proliferation after antigen stimulation and NK cell maturation.
Parrish-Novak, J. et al. (2000) Nature 408:57.
Ozaki, K. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:11439.
Dumoutier, L. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:10144.
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products.
The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed,
but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.