Mouse LAP (TGF-beta 1) Antibody Summary
Accession # P04202
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of LAP (TGF‑ beta 1) in Mouse iTreg cells by Flow Cytometry. Mouse splenocytes treated with 10 μg/mL Anti-CD3, 5 μg/mL Anti-CD28, 10 μg/mL Recombinant Human TGF‑ beta 1 (Catalog # 240-B), and 20 μg/mL Recombinant Mouse IL‑2 (Catalog # 402-IL) for 24 hours to induce T regulatory cells (iTregs) were stained with Rat Anti-Mouse CD4 PE‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB554P) and either (A) Rat Anti-Mouse LAP (TGF‑ beta 1) Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB7666) or (B) Rat IgG2A Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB006) followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113).
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: LAP (TGF-beta 1)
TGF-beta 1 (Transforming Growth Factor beta 1) is one of three closely related mammalian members of the large TGF-beta superfamily that share a characteristic cystine knot structure (1‑7). TGF-beta 1, -2 and -3 are highly pleiotropic cytokines that are proposed to act as cellular switches that regulate processes such as immune function, proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (1‑4). Each TGF-beta isoform has some non‑redundant functions; for TGF-beta 1, mice with targeted deletion show defects in hematopoiesis and endothelial differentiation, and die of overwhelming inflammation (2). Human TGF‑ beta 1 cDNA encodes a 390 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 29 aa signal peptide and a 361 aa proprotein (8). A furin‑like convertase processes the proprotein to generate an N‑terminal 249 aa Latency‑Associated Peptide (LAP) and a C‑terminal 112 aa mature TGF‑ beta 1 (8, 9). Disulfide‑linked homodimers of LAP and TGF‑ beta 1 remain non‑covalently associated after secretion, forming the small latent TGF‑ beta 1 complex (8‑10). Covalent linkage of LAP to one of three latent TGF‑ beta binding proteins (LTBPs) creates a large latent complex that may interact with the extracellular matrix (9, 10). TGF‑ beta is activated from latency by pathways that include actions of the protease plasmin, matrix metalloproteases, thrombospondin 1 and a subset of integrins (10). Mature human TGF‑ beta 1 shares 100% aa identity with pig, dog and cow TGF‑ beta 1, and 99% aa identity with mouse, rat and horse TGF‑ beta 1. It demonstrates cross‑species activity (1). TGF‑ beta 1 signaling begins with high‑affinity binding to a type II ser/thr kinase receptor termed TGF‑ beta RII. This receptor then phosphorylates and activates a second ser/thr kinase receptor, TGF‑ beta RI, also known as Activin Receptor‑Like Kinase 5(ALK‑5), or alternatively, ALK‑1. This complex phosphorylates and activates Smad proteins that regulate transcription (3, 11, 12). Contributions of the accessory receptors Betaglycan (also known as TGF‑ beta RIII) and Endoglin, or use of Smad‑independent signaling pathways, allow for disparate actions observed in response to TGF‑ beta in different contexts (11).
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- Chang, H. et al. (2002) Endocr. Rev. 23:787.
- Lin, J.S. et al. (2006) Reproduction 132:179.
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- Derynck, R. et al. (1985) Nature 316:701.
- Miyazono, K. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263:6407.
- Oklu, R. and R. Hesketh (2000) Biochem. J. 352:601.
- de Caestecker, M. et al. (2004) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 15:1.
- Zuniga, J.E. et al. (2005) J. Mol. Biol. 354:1052.
Citations for Mouse LAP (TGF-beta 1) Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 6
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Enteroendocrine cells switch hormone expression along the crypt-to-villus BMP signalling gradient
Authors: J Beumer, B Artegiani, Y Post, F Reimann, F Gribble, TN Nguyen, H Zeng, M Van den Bo, JH Van Es, H Clevers
Nat. Cell Biol., 2018;20(8):909-916.
Sample Types: Organoids
AAV serotype 8-mediated liver specific GNMT expression delays progression of hepatocellular carcinoma and prevents carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage
Authors: CC Fang, CF Wu, YJ Liao, SF Huang, M Chen, YA Chen
Sci Rep, 2018;8(1):13802.
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
Suppressive IL-17A(+)Foxp3(+) and ex-Th17 IL-17A(neg)Foxp3(+) Treg cells are a source of tumour-associated Treg cells
Authors: S Downs-Cann, S Berkey, GM Delgoffe, RP Edwards, T Curiel, K Odunsi, DL Bartlett, N Obermajer
Nat Commun, 2017;8(0):14649.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
Culture supernatant of adipose stem cells can ameliorate allergic airway inflammation via recruitment of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3 T cells
Authors: HS Yu, MK Park, SA Kang, KS Cho, SJ Mun, HJ Roh
Stem Cell Res Ther, 2017;8(1):8.
Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
Applications: Western Blot
Extracellular Adenosine Production by ecto-5'-Nucleotidase (CD73) Enhances Radiation-Induced Lung Fibrosis
Authors: F Wirsdörfer, S de Leve, F Cappuccini, T Eldh, AV Meyer, E Gau, LF Thompson, NY Chen, H Karmouty-Q, U Fischer, M Kasper, D Klein, JW Ritchey, MR Blackburn, AM Westendorf, M Stuschke, V Jendrossek
Cancer Res., 2016;76(10):3045-56.
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
RhoA/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling after growth arrest-specific protein 6/mer receptor tyrosine kinase engagement promotes epithelial cell growth and wound repair via upregulation of hepatocyte growth factor in macrophages.
Authors: Lee Y, Park H, Woo S, Park E, Kang J
J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2014;350(3):563-77.
Sample Types: Whole Cells
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