|Detection of Mouse Syndecan-2/CD362 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line, Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, and B16‑F1 mouse melanoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Mouse Syndecan-2/CD362 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6585) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for Syndecan-2/CD362 at approximately 42 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.|
|Detection of Syndecan-2/CD362 in NIH-3T3 Mouse Cell Line by Flow Cytometry. NIH-3T3 mouse cell line was stained with Sheep Anti-Mouse Syndecan-2/CD362 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6585, filled histogram) or control antibody (Catalog # 5‑001‑A, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0127). View our protocol for Staining Membrane-associated Proteins.|
|Syndecan-2/CD362 in Mouse Spinal Cord. Syndecan-2/CD362 was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse spinal cord using Sheep Anti-Mouse Syndecan-2/CD362 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6585) at 1.7 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL010) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to the dorsal horn. View our protocol for Fluorescent IHC Staining of Frozen Tissue Sections.|
Syndecan-2, previously known as fibroglycan or heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is a member of the syndecan family of type 1 transmembrane proteins capable of carrying heparan sulfate (HS) and chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans. The four vertebrate syndecans show conserved cytoplasmic domains and divergent extracellular portions (except for GAG attachment sites). Among the Syndecans, Syndecan-2 is most similar to Syndecan-4 (1‑3). Mouse Syndecan-2 is synthesized as a 202 amino acid (aa) core protein with an 18 aa signal sequence, a 127 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 25 aa transmembrane region and a 32 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). The ECD of mouse Syndecan-2 contains three closely-spaced consensus Ser-Gly sequences for the attachment of HS side chains. It shares 76%, 86%, 74% and 72% aa identity with the ECD of human, rat, porcine and bovincoe Syndecan-2, respectively. The cytoplasmic tail has both serine and tyrosine phosphorylation sites. Addition of 20 ‑ 80 disaccharides per side chain adds considerably to the size of the 22 kDa core protein. Non-covalent homodimerization of Syndecan-2, or heterodimerization with Syndecan-4, is dependent on the transmembrane domain (5, 6). Syndecan-2 is expressed in cells of mesenchymal origin, neuronal and epithelial cells, and is the predominant syndecan expressed during embryonic development. Expression is up‑regulated in several cancer cell lines (7). After induction in macrophages by inflammatory mediators, Syndecan-2 selectively binds FGF basic, VEGF and EGF (8). Syndecan-2 expressed on human primary osteoblasts binds GM‑CSF and may function as a co-receptor (9). Activated endothelial cell Syndecan-2 specifically binds IL-8 and may participate in promoting neutrophil extravasation by forming a chemotactic IL-8 gradient (10). Typically, cytokine, chemokine and extracellular matrix protein binding occurs through interaction with HS side chains, but the Syndecan-2 extracellular domain can bind TGF-beta directly via protein-protein interaction (11).
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