Mouse TIM‑1/KIM‑1/HAVCR Biotinylated Antibody
Mouse TIM‑1/KIM‑1/HAVCR Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # NP_001160104
Mouse TIM-1/KIM-1/HAVCR Sandwich Immunoassay
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
TIM-1 (T cell-immunoglobulin-mucin; also KIM-1 and HAVCR) is a 70-80 kDa, type I transmembrane glycoprotein member of the TIM family of immunoglobulin superfamily molecules (1-4). This gene family is involved in the regulation of Th1 and Th2-cell-mediated immunity. In mouse, there are eight known TIM genes (# 1-8) vs. only three genes in human (# 1, 3, and 4) (1, 2). Mouse TIM-1 and -2 are counterparts of human TIM-1 while mouse TIM-5 through 8 have no human counterparts (2). Mouse TIM-1 is synthesized as a 305 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 21 aa signal sequence, a 216 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment and a 47 aa cytoplasmic domain (5, 6). The ECD contains one V-type Ig-like domain and a mucin region characterized by multiple T-S-P motifs. The mucin region undergoes extensive O-linked glycosylation. The mouse TIM-1 gene is highly polymorphic and, based on rat, may undergo alternate splicing (4, 6). For instance, HBA mice show a 15 aa deletion in the mucin region that occurs in BALB/c mice (6). This difference is associated with a decreased susceptibility to asthma. Other polymorphisms are also documented (6). In human, TIM-1 is known to circulate as a soluble form. It undergoes constitutive cleavage by an undefined MMP, releasing a 75-85 kDa soluble molecule (5). The same thing might be expected in mouse. The ECD of mouse TIM-1 is 50%, 39%, and 80% aa identical to human, canine and rat TIM-1 ECD, respectively. The only two reported ligands for TIM-1 are TIM-4 and the hepatitis A virus (8, 9). However, others are believed to exist, and based on the ligand for TIM-3, one possibility might be an S-type lectin (10). TIM-1 ligation induces T cell proliferation and promotes cytokine production (1, 10). In particular, it induces IL-4 production, and requires the cytoplasmic tyrosine phosphorylation motif (5).
- Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:1471.
- Kuchroo, V.K. et al. (2003) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 3:454.
- Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 360:1681.
- Ichimura, T. et al. (1998) J. Biol. Chem. 273:4135.
- de Souza, A.J. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:17113.
- McIntire, J.J. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1109.
- Bailly, V. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:39739.
- Feigelstock, D. et al. (1998) J. Virol. 72:6621.
- Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:1245.
- Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:455.
Citations for Mouse TIM‑1/KIM‑1/HAVCR Biotinylated Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 3
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Kidney Injury Molecule-1 is Elevated in Nephropathy and Mediates Macrophage Activation via the Mapk Signalling Pathway
Authors: L Tian, X Shao, Y Xie, Q Wang, X Che, M Zhang, W Xu, Y Xu, S Mou, Z Ni
Cell. Physiol. Biochem, 2017;41(2):769-783.
Sample Types: Whole Tissue
KIM-1-mediated phagocytosis reduces acute injury to the kidney.
Authors: Yang L, Brooks C, Xiao S, Sabbisetti V, Yeung M, Hsiao L, Ichimura T, Kuchroo V, Bonventre J
J Clin Invest, 2015;125(4):1620-36.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: ELISA Development (Detection)
Endogenous Tim-1 (Kim-1) promotes T-cell responses and cell-mediated injury in experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis.
Authors: Nozaki Y, Nikolic-Paterson DJ, Snelgrove SL
Kidney Int., 2012;81(9):844-55.
Sample Types: Urine
Applications: ELISA Development
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