|TRAM/TICAM2 in C2C12 Mouse Cell Line. TRAM/TICAM2 was detected in immersion fixed C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line using Rat Anti-Mouse TRAM/TICAM2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB43481) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL013) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.|
The innate and adaptive immune responses depend on systems that link cell surface surveillance receptor signals to cytoplasmic proteins such as kinases, adaptors, and transcription factors. Toll-like receptors (TLR) recognize different pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), and initiate a signaling cascades mediated by a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor proteins such as MyD88, TIRAP/MAL, and TRIF. Mouse TRIF-related adaptor molecule (TRAM), is a 232 amino acid, 26 kDa (predicted), ubiquitously expressed member of the TIR domain-containing adaptor family. TRAM, also known as TIR domain-containing adapter protein 2 (TICAM2) and TIR domain-containing protein (TIRP), contains a central Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain that is most similar to that of TRIF. TRAM plays an essential role in the MyD88-independent signaling of TLR4 by binding members of the IRAK family, ultimately leading to the activation of NF kappa B. Mouse TRAM shares 75% and 77% amino acid sequence identity with human and rat TRAM, respectively.
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