Porcine IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine ELISA Kit

(23 citations)   
  • Assay Length
    4.5 hours
  • Sample Type & Volume Required Per Well
    Cell Culture Supernates (25 uL), Serum (50 uL), Heparin Plasma (50 uL)
  • Sensitivity
    13.6 pg/mL
  • Assay Range
    39.1 - 2,500 pg/mL (Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, Heparin Plasma)
  • Specificity
    Natural and recombinant porcine IL-1 beta
  • Cross-reactivity
    < 0.5% cross-reactivity observed with available related molecules.< 50% cross-species reactivity observed with species tested.
  • Interference
    No significant interference observed with available related molecules.
Product Summary
The Quantikine Porcine IL-1 beta Immunoassay is a 4.5 hour solid phase ELISA designed to measure porcine IL-1 beta in cell culture supernates, serum, and plasma. It contains E. coli-expressed recombinant mature porcine IL-1 beta and antibodies raised against the recombinant factor. This immunoassay has been shown to accurately quantitate the recombinant porcine IL-1 beta. Results obtained using natural porcine IL-1 beta show dose response curves that are parallel to the standard curves obtained using the Quantikine kit standards. These results indicate that this kit can be used to determine relative mass values for natural porcine IL-1 beta.

Intra-Assay Precision (Precision within an assay) Three samples of known concentration were tested on one plate to assess intra-assay precision.
Inter-Assay Precision (Precision between assays) Three samples of known concentration were tested in separate assays to assess inter-assay precision.
Cell Culture Supernates, Serum, Heparin Plasma
Intra-Assay Precision Inter-Assay Precision
Standard Deviation9.81740.912.220.531.7


The recovery of porcine IL-1 beta spiked to three levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated.

Sample Type Average % Recovery Range %
Cell Culture Media (n=4) 106 102-109
Heparin Plasma (n=4) 111 98-117
Serum (n=4) 111 102-117
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples containing and/or spiked with various concentrations of porcine IL-1 beta in each matrix were diluted with Calibrator Diluent and then assayed.
Porcine IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Quantikine ELISA Kit
Preparation and Storage
  • Storage
    Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2
IL-1 beta (Interleukin-1 beta) is produced in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. It plays a central role in immune and inflammatory responses, bone remodeling, fever, carbohydrate metabolism, and GH/IGF-I physiology. IL-1 beta dysregulation is implicated in many pathological conditions including sepsis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, acute and chronic myelogenous leukemia, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, neuronal injury, and aging-related diseases. Intracellular cleavage of the IL-1 beta precursor by Caspase-1/ICE is a key step in the inflammatory response. IL-1 beta binds to IL-1 RI and IL-1 RII. The IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1 RAcP) associates with IL-1 RI and is required for IL-1 RI signal transduction, and IL-1ra is a secreted molecule that functions as a competitive inhibitor of IL-1 bioactivity.
    • Long Name
      Interleukin 1 beta
    • Entrez Gene IDs
      3553 (Human); 16176 (Mouse); 24494 (Rat); 397122 (Porcine); 403974 (Canine); 100034237 (Equine); 100135556 (Guinea Pig);
    • Alternate Names
      catabolin; IL1 beta; IL-1 beta; IL-1; IL1B; IL-1B; IL1-BETA; IL-1F2; IL1F2IL-1 beta; interleukin 1, beta; interleukin-1 beta; preinterleukin 1 beta; pro-interleukin-1-beta;
    Related Research Areas

    R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

    Showing Results 1 - 10 of 23
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    Sample Type
    1. Ornithodoros moubata complement inhibitor is an equally effective C5 inhibitor in pigs and humans.
      Authors: Barratt-Due A, Thorgersen EB, Lindstad JK, Pharo A, Lissina O, Lambris JD, Nunn MA, Mollnes TE
      J. Immunol., 2011;187(9):4913-9.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    2. Plasma concentrations of inflammatory cytokines rise rapidly during ECMO-related SIRS due to the release of preformed stores in the intestine.
      Authors: McILwain RB, Timpa JG, Kurundkar AR
      Lab. Invest., 2010;90(1):128-39.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    3. Dissecting the effects of lipopolysaccharides from nonlipopolysaccharide molecules in experimental porcine meningococcal sepsis.
      Authors: Hellerud BC, Nielsen EW, Thorgersen EB, Lindstad JK, Pharo A, Tonnessen TI, Castellheim A, Mollnes TE, Brandtzaeg P
      Crit. Care Med., 2010;38(6):1467-74.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    4. CD14 inhibition efficiently attenuates early inflammatory and hemostatic responses in Escherichia coli sepsis in pigs.
      Authors: Thorgersen EB, Hellerud BC, Nielsen EW, Barratt-Due A, Fure H, Lindstad JK, Pharo A, Fosse E, Tonnessen TI, Johansen HT, Castellheim A, Mollnes TE
      FASEB J., 2010;24(3):712-22.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    5. Inhibition of complement and CD14 attenuates the Escherichia coli-induced inflammatory response in porcine whole blood.
      Authors: Thorgersen EB, Pharo A, Haverson K, Axelsen AK, Gaustad P, Kotwal GJ, Sfyroera G, Mollnes TE
      Infect. Immun., 2009;77(2):725-32.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Whole Blood
    6. Metabolic activity of the enteric microbiota influences the fatty acid composition of murine and porcine liver and adipose tissues.
      Authors: Wall R, Ross RP, Shanahan F, O'Mahony L, O'Mahony C, Coakley M, Hart O, Lawlor P, Quigley EM, Kiely B, Fitzgerald GF, Stanton C
      Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2009;89(5):1393-401.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    7. Cardiac Function and the Proinflammatory Cytokine Response After Recovery From Cardiac Arrest in Swine.
      Authors: Niemann JT, Rosborough JP, Youngquist S, Shah AP, Lewis RJ, Phan QT, Filler SG
      J. Interferon Cytokine Res., 2009;0(0):.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    8. Blood concentrations of the cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma during experimentally induced swine dysentery.
      Authors: Kruse R, Essen-Gustavsson B, Fossum C, Jensen-Waern M
      Acta Vet. Scand., 2008;50(0):32.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    9. Cytokine secretion depends on Galalpha(1,3)Gal expression in a pig-to-human whole blood model.
      Authors: Saethre M, Schneider MK, Lambris JD, Magotti P, Haraldsen G, Seebach JD, Mollnes TE
      J. Immunol., 2008;180(9):6346-53.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    10. Effects of glucocorticoids in ventilated piglets with severe pneumonia.
      Authors: Sibila O, Luna CM, Agusti C, Baquero S, Gando S, Patron JR, Morato JG, Absi R, Bassi N, Torres A
      Eur. Respir. J., 2008;32(4):1037-46.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    11. The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 is cardioprotective in a pig model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.
      Authors: Roesner JP, Petzelbauer P, Koch A, Mersmann J, Zacharowski PA, Boehm O, Reingruber S, Pasteiner W, Mascher D, Wolzt M, Barthuber C, Noldge-Schomburg GE, Scheeren TW, Zacharowski K
      Crit. Care Med., 2007;35(7):1730-5.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    12. Experimental Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia: evaluation of the associated inflammatory response.
      Authors: Sibila O, Agusti C, Torres A, Baquero S, Gando S, Patron JR, Morato JG, Goffredo DH, Bassi N, Luna CM
      Eur. Respir. J., 2007;30(6):1167-72.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    13. Macrophage transcriptional responses following in vitro infection with a highly virulent African swine fever virus isolate.
      Authors: Zhang F, Hopwood P, Abrams CC, Downing A, Murray F, Talbot R, Archibald A, Lowden S, Dixon LK
      J. Virol., 2006;80(21):10514-21.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    14. Effects of therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage and partial liquid ventilation on meconium-aspirated newborn piglets.
      Authors: Jeng MJ, Soong WJ, Lee YS, Chang HL, Shen CM, Wang CH, Yang SS, Hwang B
      Crit. Care Med., 2006;34(4):1099-105.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    15. Complete overlap of interleukin-31 receptor A and oncostatin M receptor beta in the adult dorsal root ganglia with distinct developmental expression patterns.
      Authors: Bando T, Morikawa Y, Komori T, Senba E
      Neuroscience, 2006;142(4):1263-71.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    16. Protection against acute porcine lung ischemia/reperfusion injury by systemic preconditioning via hind limb ischemia.
      Authors: Waldow T, Alexiou K, Witt W, Albrecht S, Wagner F, Knaut M, Matschke K
      Transpl. Int., 2005;18(2):198-205.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    17. Vitamin E supplementation does not mitigate the acute morbidity effects of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in nursery pigs.
      Authors: Toepfer-Berg TL, Escobar J, Van Alstine WG, Baker DH, Salak-Johnson J, Johnson RW
      J. Anim. Sci., 2004;82(7):1942-51.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    18. Decreased protein accretion in pigs with viral and bacterial pneumonia is associated with increased myostatin expression in muscle.
      Authors: Escobar J, Van Alstine WG, Baker DH
      J. Nutr., 2004;134(11):3047-53.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    19. Deciphering the involvement of innate immune factors in the development of the host response to PRRSV vaccination.
      Authors: Royaee AR, Husmann RJ, Dawson HD, Calzada-Nova G, Schnitzlein WM, Zuckermann FA, Lunney JK
      Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol., 2004;102(3):199-216.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    20. The effect of warm humidified CO2 on the dissipation of residual gas following laparoscopy in piglets.
      Authors: Glew PA, Campher MJ, Pearson K, Schofield JC, Davey AK
      J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc, 2004;11(2):204-10.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Serum
    21. Attenuation of reperfusion-induced systemic inflammation by preconditioning with nitric oxide in an in situ porcine model of normothermic lung ischemia.
      Authors: Waldow T, Alexiou K, Witt W, Wagner FM, Gulielmos V, Matschke K, Knaut M
      Chest, 2004;125(6):2253-9.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
    22. Tumour necrosis factor alpha stimulates nitric oxide production more potently than interleukin-1beta in porcine articular chondrocytes.
      Authors: Goodstone NJ, Hardingham TE
      Rheumatology (Oxford), 2002;41(8):883-91.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    23. Ex vivo adenoviral vector gene delivery results in decreased vector-associated inflammation pre- and post-lung transplantation in the pig.
      Authors: Yeung JC, Wagnetz D, Cypel M, Rubacha M, Koike T, Chun YM, Hu J, Waddell TK, Hwang DM, Liu M, Keshavjee S
      Mol. Ther., 212;20(6):1204-11.
      Species: Porcine
      Sample Type: Plasma
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