Recombinant Human B7-1/CD80 Fc Chimera Avi-tag Protein, CF Summary
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 500 μg/mL in PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage:||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
When Recombinant Human CTLA-4 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 7268-CT) is immobilized at 0.25 μg/mL, Recombinant Human B7-1/CD80 Fc Chimera Avi-tag (Catalog # AVI10107) binds with an ED50 of 0.4‑2 ng/mL.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant Human B7-1/CD80 Fc Chimera (Catalog # AVI10107) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 77-89 kDa and 150-180 kDa, respectively.
B7-1/CD80 and B7-2/CD86, together with their receptors CD28 and CTLA-4, constitute one of the dominant co-stimulatory pathways that regulate T- and B-cell responses (1). Although both CTLA-4 and CD28 can bind to the same ligands, CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 and B7-2 with a 20-100 fold higher affinity than CD28 and is involved in the down-regulation of the immune response (2-6). Mature human B7-1 consists of a 208 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with two immunoglobulin-like domains, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 25 aa cytoplasmic domain (7). Within the ECD, human B7-1 shares 50% aa sequence identity with mouse B7-1. Alternative splicing generates a 30-kDa soluble isoform that lacks the transmembrane segment and retains the ability to bind CD28 and CTLA-4 and an isoform that lacks the second Ig-like domain and the transmembrane segment (8). Both human and mouse B7-1 and B7-2 can bind to either human or mouse CD28 and CTLA-4 (1). B7-1 is expressed on activated B cells, activated T cells, and macrophages. B7-2 is constitutively expressed on interdigitating dendritic cells, Langerhans cells, peripheral blood dendritic cells, memory B cells, and germinal center B cells (2).
- Ville, S. et al. (2015) Front. Immunol. 6:411.
- Azuma, M. et al. (1993) Nature 366:76.
- Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) Science 262:909.
- Chen, C. et al. (1994) J. Immunol. 152:4929.
- Freeman, G.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 178:2185.
- Lanier, L. et al. (1995) J. Immunol. 154:97.
- Freeman, G.J. et al. (1989) J. Immunol. 143:2714.
- Kakoulidou, M. et al. (2007) Scand. J. Immunol. 66:529.
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