Recombinant Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2, Animal-Free Protein

GMP Version Available: 201-GMP
GMP
Also available, GMP IL-1beta Protein, Catalog # 201-GMP! Animal-free and manufactured under GMP guidelines for therapeutic manufacturing applications
Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AFL201
AFL201-025
R&D Systems Animal-Free Recombinant Proteins
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Recombinant Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2, Animal-Free Protein Summary

Animal Free Proteins
Animal-free proteins are particularly important for researchers concerned with experimental variables caused by trace animal components or mammalian pathogens. Our products generated under animal-free conditions share the same biological activities as those produced using our standard laboratory techniques.

Product Specifications

Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
Endotoxin Level
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
Activity
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cells. Symons, J.A. et al. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 272. The ED50 for this effect is <12 pg/mL.
The specific activity of Recombinant Human IL-1 beta is approximately 1.4 x 105 IU/μg, which is calibrated against recombinant human IL-1 beta WHO International Standard (NIBSC code: 86/680).
Source
E. coli-derived human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 protein
Ala117-Ser269
Produced using non-animal reagents in an animal-free laboratory.
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Analysis
Ala117 & Pro118
Predicted Molecular Mass
17 kDa

Product Datasheets

Carrier Free

What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

AFL201

Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage: Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 12 months, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Animal Free Proteins
Animal-free proteins are particularly important for researchers concerned with experimental variables caused by trace animal components or mammalian pathogens. Our products generated under animal-free conditions share the same biological activities as those produced using our standard laboratory techniques.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2

IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 21% amino acid (aa) identity in human. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL‑1 R3/IL‑1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1‑4). The human IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 269 aa precursor. A 116 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5‑7). The 17 kDa mature human IL-1 beta shares 96% aa sequence identity with rhesus and 67%‑78% with canine, cotton rat, equine, feline, mouse, porcine, and rat IL‑1 beta.

References
  1. Allan, S.M. et al. (2005) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 5:629.
  2. Boraschi, D. and A. Tagliabue (2006) Vitam. Horm. 74:229.
  3. Kornman, K.S. (2006) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 83:475S.
  4. Isoda, K. and F. Ohsuzu (2006) J. Atheroscler. Thromb. 13:21.
  5. March, C.J. et al. (1985) Nature 315:641.
  6. Auron, P.E. et al. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81:7907.
  7. Martinon, F. and J. Tschopp (2007) Cell Death Differ. 14:10.
Long Name
Interleukin 1 beta
Entrez Gene IDs
3553 (Human); 16176 (Mouse); 24494 (Rat); 397122 (Porcine); 403974 (Canine); 100034237 (Equine); 100135556 (Guinea Pig)
Alternate Names
catabolin; IL1 beta; IL-1 beta; IL-1; IL1B; IL-1b; IL1-BETA; IL-1F2; IL1F2IL-1 beta; interleukin 1, beta; interleukin-1 beta; preinterleukin 1 beta; pro-interleukin-1-beta

Manufacturing Specifications

Animal-Free Manufacturing Conditions
Our dedicated controlled-access animal-free laboratories ensure that at no point in production are the products exposed to potential contamination by animal components or byproducts. Every stage of manufacturing is conducted in compliance with R&D Systems' stringent Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Production and purification procedures use equipment and media that are confirmed animal-free.  

 Production

  • All molecular biology procedures use animal-free media and dedicated labware.
  • Dedicated fermentors are utilized in committed animal-free areas.

Purification

  • Protein purification columns are animal-free.
  • Bulk proteins are filtered using animal-free filters.
  • Purified proteins are stored in animal-free containers in a dedicated cold storage room.

    Quality Assurance

    • Low Endotoxin Level.
    • No impairment of biological activity.
    • High quality product obtained under stringent conditions.
    • For ex vivo research or bioproduction, additional documentation can be provided.

    Please read our complete Animal-Free Statement

    Product Specific Notices

    This product is covered by one or more of the following U.S. patents: 5,681,933 and 5,474,899.

    Citation for Recombinant Human IL-1 beta/IL-1F2, Animal-Free Protein

    R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

    1 Citation: Showing 1 - 1

    1. IL-15 promotes activation and expansion of CD8+ T cells in HIV-1 infection
      Authors: Souheil-Antoine Younes
      J Clin Invest, 2016;126(7):2745-2756.
      Species: Human
      Sample Types: Whole Cells
      Applications: Bioassay

    FAQs

    1. Does IL-1 beta induce NO in smooth muscle?

      • Yes it does, based on the literature.

    View all Proteins and Enzyme FAQs

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