Viral HCMV IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Product Details
Citations (6)
Supplemental Products

Viral HCMV IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects Viral HCMV IL-10 in Western blots.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Antigen Affinity-purified
E. coli-derived recombinant Viral HCMV IL‑10 (R&D Systems, Catalog # 117-VL)
Accession # AAF63437
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.


Recommended Concentration
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Viral HCMV IL‑10 (Catalog # 117-VL)

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-10

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a pleiotropic cytokine that plays a crucial role in regulating immune and inflammstory responses (1). It has closely related homologs in the genome of several viruses including the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a prevalent pathogen that can remain in humans as a latent infection (2). Viruses use multiple strategies to avoid detection and clearance by the host immune system. One of these strategies is to express virus-encoded host cytokine homologs, such as IL-10, to modulate the host immune system to the virus’ advantage. HCMV IL-10 is encoded from noncontiguous stretches in the viral genome and is transcribed early during infection. It shares 27% amino acid sequence identity with the endogenous human IL-10. Despite its low homology with the human protein, it can bind to the human IL-10 receptor complex and induces signal transduction. HCMV IL-10 has been shown to suppress cytokine production and inhibit proliferation of mitogen-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. HCMV IL-10 can also down regulate the antigen-presenting and accessory cell functions of human monocytes. These immunosuppressive properties of HCMV IL-10 likely contribute to immune evasion during virus infection (3).

  1. Moore, K.W. et al. (2001) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 19:683.
  2. Kotenko, S.V. et al. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:1695.
  3. Spencer, J.V. et al. (2002) J. Virol. 76:1285.
Long Name
Interleukin 10
Entrez Gene IDs
3586 (Human); 16153 (Mouse); 25325 (Rat); 397106 (Porcine); 403628 (Canine); 102133450 (Cynomolgus Monkey); 493683 (Feline); 100135553 (Guinea Pig); 2949786 (Viral)
Alternate Names
CSIF; CSIFMGC126450; Cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor; GVHDS; IL10; IL-10; IL10A; IL-10MGC126451; interleukin 10; interleukin-10; TGIF

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Citations for Viral HCMV IL-10 Biotinylated Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

6 Citations: Showing 1 - 6
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  1. Human Cytomegalovirus pUL11, a CD45 Ligand, Disrupts CD4 T Cell Control of Viral Spread in Epithelial Cells
    Authors: SA Osanyinlus, J Zischke, R Jacobs, EM Weissinger, TF Schulz, PC Kay-Fedoro
    MBio, 2022;0(0):e0294622.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Lysates
    Applications: Western Blot
  2. Challenging the Conventional Interpretation of HCMV Seronegativity
    Authors: S Waters, S Lee, A Irish, P Price
    Microorganisms, 2021;9(11):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
    Applications: ELISA Detection
  3. Common Variable Immunodeficiency patients with a phenotypic profile of immunosenescence present with thrombocytopenia
    Authors: J Stuchl?, V Kanderov , M Vlkov , I He?manov , L Sl mov , O Pel k, E Taraldsrud, D J¡lek, P Kr l¡c Kov, B Fevang, M Trkov , O Hru? k, E Fro?kov , A ?ediv , J Litzman, T Kalina
    Sci Rep, 2017;7(0):39710.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Plasma
    Applications: ELISA Development
  4. Secretory expression of biologically active human Herpes virus interleukin-10 analogues in Escherichia coli via a modified Sec-dependent transporter construct.
    Authors: Forster S, Brandt M, Mottok D, Zschuttig A, Zimmermann K, Blattner F, Gunzer F, Pohlmann C
    BMC Biotechnol, 2013;13(0):82.
    Species: Virus
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development
  5. Glioma-associated cytomegalovirus mediates subversion of the monocyte lineage to a tumor propagating phenotype.
    Authors: Dziurzynski K, Wei J, Qiao W, Hatiboglu MA, Kong LY, Wu A, Wang Y, Cahill D, Levine N, Prabhu S, Rao G, Sawaya R, Heimberger AB
    Clin. Cancer Res., 2011;17(14):4642-9.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development
  6. Human cytomegalovirus-encoded interleukin-10 homolog inhibits maturation of dendritic cells and alters their functionality.
    Authors: Chang WL, Baumgarth N, Yu D, Barry PA
    J. Virol., 2004;78(16):8720-31.
    Species: Virus
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: ELISA Development


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