Cotton Rat IL-2 Biotinylated Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
BAF579
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Cotton Rat IL-2 Biotinylated Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Cotton Rat
Specificity
Detects cotton rat IL-2 in Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant rat IL-2 is observed and less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL-2 and recombinant porcine IL-2 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
E. coli-derived recombinant cotton rat IL‑2
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Label
Biotin

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Cotton Rat IL‑2

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-2

Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a O-glycosylated four alpha -helix bundle cytokine that has potent stimulatory activity for antigen-activated T cells. It is expressed by CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, gamma δ T cells, B cells, dendritic cells, and eosinophils (1-3). Mature cotton rat IL-2 shares 67%, 70% and 78% amino acid sequence identity with human, mouse and rat IL-2, respectively. The receptor for IL-2 consists of three subunits that are present on the cell surface in varying preformed complexes (4-6). The 55 kDa IL-2 R alpha is specific for IL-2 and binds with low affinity. The 75 kDa IL-2 R beta, which is also a component of the IL-15 receptor, binds IL-2 with intermediate affinity. The 64 kDa common gamma chain  gamma c/IL-2 R gamma, which is shared with the receptors for IL-4, -7, -9, -15, and -21, does not independently interact with IL-2. Upon ligand binding, signal transduction is performed by both IL-2 R beta and gamma c. IL-2 is best known for its autocrine and paracrine activity on T cells. It drives resting T cells to proliferate and induces IL-2 and IL-2 R alpha synthesis (1, 2). It contributes to T cell homeostasis by promoting the Fas-induced death of naïve CD4+ T cells but not activated CD4+ memory lymphocytes (7). IL-2 plays a central role in the expansion and maintenance of regulatory T cells, although it inhibits the development of Th17 polarized cells (8-10). Thus, IL-2 may be a key cytokine in the natural suppression of autoimmunity (11, 12).

References
  1. Ma, A. et al. (2006) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 24:657.
  2. Gaffen, S.L. and K.D. Liu (2004) Cytokine 28:109.
  3. McKnight, A. et al. (1989) Immunogenetics 30:145.
  4. Liparoto, S.F. et al. (2002) Biochemistry 41:2543.
  5. Wang, X. et al. (2005) Science 310:1159.
  6. Bodnar, A. et al. (2008) Immunol. Lett. 116:117.
  7. Jaleco, S. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 171:61.
  8. Malek, T.R. (2003) J. Leukoc. Biol. 74:961.
  9. Laurence, A. et al. (2007) Immunity 26:371.
  10. Kryczek, I. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:6730.
  11. Afzali, B. et al. (2007) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 148:32.
  12. Fehervari, Z. et al. (2006) Trends Immunol. 27:109.
Long Name
Interleukin 2
Entrez Gene IDs
3558 (Human); 16183 (Mouse); 116562 (Rat); 396868 (Porcine); 280822 (Bovine); 403989 (Canine); 100034204 (Equine); 751114 (Feline); 100302458 (Rabbit)
Alternate Names
Aldesleukin; IL2; IL-2; IL-2lymphokine; interleukin 2; interleukin-2; involved in regulation of T-cell clonal expansion; T cell growth factor; T-cell growth factor; TCGF

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