Human C-Reactive Protein/CRP Biotinylated Antibody
Human C-Reactive Protein/CRP Biotinylated Antibody Summary
Accession # P02741
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: C-Reactive Protein/CRP
CRP is a member of the pentraxin family of proteins that are characterized by a cyclic pentameric structure. Human CRP gene encodes a 224 amino acids precursor. The mature human CRP protein has 206 amino acids that are non-covalently linked to form the pentameter. Human CRP shares 71% and 64% amino acid sequence homology with mouse and rat respectively.
CRP, synthesized by hepatocytes, is a major acute phase serum protein in human. IL-6, IL-1 and glucocorticoids are the major inducer of the CRP gene. In response to infection, inflammation or tissue damage, the level of CRP in human serum can increase 1,000-fold within 24‑48 hours. It will come back to base level of less than 1 μg/mL very fast. Human CRP is an acute-phase serum protein that plays a role in the first line in host innate host defense. Like other pentraxins, CRP exhibits Ca++ - dependent binding to ligands. Phosphocholine (PCh), a constituent of many bacterial and fungal walls, is a principal ligand of CRP. CRP also binds to the membrane of injured cells, membrane and nuclear components of necrotic and apoptotic cells. Upon binding with the ligands, CRP is recognized by C1q and initiates the activation of complement cascade. Ligand bound CRP also binds to Fc gamma RI and Fc gamma RIIa on phagocytes and activates phogocytotic responses. In addition to phogocytosis, CRP also can induce production of hydrogen peroxide and inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1, IL-6 and TNF‑ alpha by monocytes. With these functions, human CRP is an important serum protein for anti-bacterial pathogen and clearance of damaged and apoptotic cells. However, in mouse, CRP is expressed at very low level and is not an acute phase reactant. Serum amyloid P component (SAP), another pentraxin, is the major acute phase serum protein in mice. It has been shown that high levels of CRP in humans is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.
- Gotschlich, E.C. and G.M. Edelman (1965) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 54:558.
- Volanakis, J.E. (2001) Molecular Immunology 38:189.
- Bharadwaj, D. et al. (1999) J. Experimental Medicine 190:585.
- Ballou S.P. and G. Lozanski (1992) Cytokine 4:361.
- Danesh, J. et al. (2004) N. Engl. J. Med. 350:1387.
No product specific FAQs exist for this product, however you mayView all Antibody FAQs
Supplemental Cell Selection Products
Supplemental ELISA Products
Reviews for Human C-Reactive Protein/CRP Biotinylated Antibody
There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review Human C-Reactive Protein/CRP Biotinylated Antibody and earn rewards!
Have you used Human C-Reactive Protein/CRP Biotinylated Antibody?
Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.
$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image
$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image