Detects human ENPP-1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 3% cross-reactivity with recombinant human ENPP-2 and recombinant mouse ENPP-2 is observed after removal of cross-reactivity with human ENPP-2.
Polyclonal Sheep IgG
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human ENPP-2-1-2 Asp49-Trp144 (ENPP-2), Val191-Leu591 (ENPP-1), Asn532-Ile863 (ENPP-2). Cross-reactivity with human ENPP-2 was removed from the final product. Accession # Q13822 (ENPP-2) P22413 (ENPP-1)
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Human ENPP‑1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, human liver tissue, human kidney tissue, and human thyroid tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Sheep Anti-Human ENPP‑1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF6136) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Sheep IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF016). A specific band was detected for ENPP‑1 at approximately 130-150 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that hydrolyzes nucleotides and nucleotide derivatives with the formation of nucleotide-5’-monophosphates. It is inserted into the plasma membrane by an N‑terminal transmembrane domain. Human ENPP-1 has a small N-terminal cytoplasmic domain and a large C-terminal region containing two somatomedin B-like domains, a catalytic domain and a nuclease-like domain in the extracellular space (1). Defects in the ENPP-1 gene cause arterial calcification and bone mineralization abnormalities (2). ENPP-1 polymorphism or overexpression is also associated with obesity, type II diabetes and insulin resistance, which makes modulation of ENPP-1 activity one of the targets to treat insulin resistance and related diseases (1).
Goldfine, I.D. et al. (2010) Endocrine Reviews. 29:62.
Hessle, L. et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 99:9445.
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.