Detection of Helios in Human PBMCs by Flow Cytometry. Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stained with Mouse Anti-Human CD4 APC‑conjugated Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # FAB3791A) and either (A) Mouse Anti-Human Helios Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB73092) or (B) Mouse IgG1 Isotype Control (Catalog # MAB002) followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B). To facilitate intracellular staining, cells were fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Helios, also known as IKZF2, is a 70 kDa DNA-binding transcription regulator in the Ikaros family that contains four N-terminal C2H2-type zinc finger domains (aa 112-219) and two C-terminal zinc finger domains (aa 471-523). Helios is expressed in developing hematopoietic and epithelial tissues and in adult T cells and thymic-derived regulatory T cells (Treg). It forms homodimers and also heterodimers with other Ikaros family proteins Ikaros, Pegasus, Eos, and Aiolos. Alternate splicing of human Helios generates a short isoform that lacks three of the the N-terminal zinc finger domains. This isoform is overexpressed in T cell leukemias where it can still dimerize with Ikaros proteins but functions as a dominant negative regulator. Within aa 1-97, human and mouse Helios share 96% aa sequence identity.
DNA-binding Protein Helios
Entrez Gene IDs:
22807 (Human); 22779 (Mouse)
HELIOS; IKAROS family zinc finger 2 (Helios); Ikaros family zinc finger protein 2; IKZF2; MGC34330; subfamily 1A, 2 (Helios); zinc finger DNA binding protein Helios; zinc finger protein Helios; ZNF1A2; ZNFN1A2
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