Detection of Integrin alpha 2/ CD49b in MG63 Human Cell Line by Flow Cytometry.
MG63 human osteosarcoma cell line was stained with Rat Anti-Human Integrin alpha 2/CD49b Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB12332, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB006, open histogram), followed by Allophycocyanin-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG F(ab')2 Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0113).
Integrin alpha 2/CD49b in MG‑63 Human Cell Line.
Integrin alpha 2/ CD49b was detected in immersion fixed MG‑63 human osteosarcoma cell line using Rat Anti-Human Integrin alpha 2/ CD49b Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB12332) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow; Catalog # NL013) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Cells on Coverslips.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Integrin alpha 2/CD49b
Integrin alpha 2 is one of twelve integrin family alpha subunits that share the beta 1 subunit (1‑3). Integrin alpha 2 beta 1 is the non-covalent heterodimer of 160 kDa alpha 2 (CD49b) and 130 kDa beta 1 (CD29) type I transmembrane glycoprotein subunits and is one of six very late antigens on activated T cells, designated VLA2 (3). The alpha 2 extracellular domain (ECD) contains an I (inserted) domain which includes the ligand binding site (2, 3). The beta 1 ECD contains a vWFA domain, which participates in binding. Each subunit then has a transmembrane sequence and a short cytoplasmic tail. The dimer is folded when it is least active. Divalent cations and intracellular (inside-out) signaling convert it to its most active, extended and open conformation (1, 2). The 1102 amino acid (aa) human alpha 2 extracellular domain (ECD) shares 83‑89% aa sequence identity with mouse, rat, canine, bovine and equine alpha 2. The I domain-containing beta 1 integrins ( alpha 1 beta 1, alpha 2 beta 1, alpha 10 beta 1 and alpha 11 beta 1) all bind collagens, with alpha 2 beta 1 preferring collagens I‑III (4, 5). Platelet alpha 2 beta 1, also called GPIa, cooperates with another adhesion protein, GPVI, to coordinate platelet collagen binding and activation (3, 6, 7). Other alpha 2 beta 1 ligands include laminin, decorin, E-cadherin, and collagen-like regions of collectin molecules such as C1q (4). Adhesion is synergized by crosstalk with syndecan-1 or HGF R/c-Met, and antagonized by crosstalk with Integrin alpha 1 beta 1 (8‑10). In addition to expression on selected hematopoietic cells, alpha 2 beta 1 is present on a wide variety of non-hematopoietic cells (4). Mice deficient in the alpha 2 subunit have defects in innate immune responses, wound mast cell infiltration and angiogenesis, and platelet responses to collagen (6, 11, 12). In innate immunity, alpha 2 beta 1 binding to C1q initiates the complement cascade and costimulates mast cell activation, triggering neutrophil influx (4, 12).
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