Periostin/OSF‑2 in Human Osteocytes.
Periostin/OSF-2 was detected in immersion fixed human osteocytes using Rat Anti-Human/Mouse Periostin/OSF-2 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB3548) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained red and counterstained with DAPI (blue).
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Mouse periostin, also known as OSF-2 (osteoblast-specific factor 2) is a 170 kDa, secreted, homodimeric protein that belongs to the periostin family of the FAS1 superfamily of molecules (1-4). It is a TGF-beta inducible molecule that serves as both an adhesion molecule and tumor suppressor (2, 5, 6, 7). It is synthesized as a 838 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 23 aa signal sequence and an 815 aa mature region (2, 8). It is unknown if the molecule has any significant glycosylation (2). Based on human OSF-2, the homodimer is not disulfide-linked (3). The molecule consists of two distinct regions. The N-terminus contains an 55 aa EMI domain, while theC-terminus contains four, 130 aa fasciculin type 1 (or FAS1) domains. The EMI domain is cysteine-rich and shows a highly basic alpha -helix (9). Each FAS1 repeat exhibits a novel 7-stranded beta -wedge with a multiple alpha -helix fold (1, 8). Multiple alternate splice forms are known to exist C-terminal (aa 672-812) to the four-fold FAS1 repeats. These mature molecules are 760, 761, 787, and 788 aa in length and show block deletions of 54 aa, 27 aa and/or 28 aa (10). The significance of the alternate splice forms is not clear. They do, however, appear to be temporally regulated (6). OSF-2 is known to bind to alpha v beta 3 and alpha v beta 5 integrins (3). It is synthesized by smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, and osteoblasts (2, 5, 7). Mature mouse OSF-2 is 98%, 92%, and 91% aa identical to rat, canine, and human OSF-2, respectively.
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