Human Progranulin/PGRN Antibody AF2420: R&D Systems

Human Progranulin/PGRN Antibody

(9 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Progranulin/PGRN in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 30% cross‑reactivity with recombinant mouse Progranulin is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Progranulin/PGRN
    Thr18-Leu593
    Accession # P28799
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human Progranulin/PGRN by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human Progranulin/PGRN Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2420) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF019). A specific band was detected for Progranulin/PGRN at approximately 80 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Immunohistochemistry
Progranulin in Human Breast Cancer Tissue. Progranulin was detected in paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Goat Anti-Human Progranulin Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2420) at 1.7 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Progranulin/PGRN

Progranulin, also known as acrogranin, PC cell-derived growth factor (PCDGF) and epithelin/granulin precursor, is a ubiquitously expressed, 88 kDa, secreted glycoprotein (1‑3). Structurally, it does not belong to any of the well-established growth factor families (4). Human Progranulin is 593 amino acids (aa) in length and contains a 17 aa signal sequence and 5 potential sites for N-linked glycosylation (Swiss Prot # P28799). It has a highly repetitive organization, containing seven tandem copies of a 55-57 aa consensus motif that contains 12 conserved cysteine residues: VXCX5-6CX5CCX8CCX6CCXDX2HCCPX4CX5-6CX2 (1). There is one alternate splice form for human Progranulin. This has a deletion of aa corresponding to aa 377-531 of the standard form. Progranulin is secreted as a full length form (2, 4), and may undergo proteolysis leading to the release of numerous peptides made from the seven tandem repeats, called the granulins (5-7). Human Progranulin shares 75% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Progranulin. Progranulin is involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation, as well as differentiation, development, and pathological processes (4). It has been isolated as a differentially expressed gene during mesothelial differentiation (8), macrophage development (9), the development of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis (10), sexual differentiation of the brain (11), and has also been shown to be a mediator of cartilage proliferation and of wound response and tissue repair (4, 12 13). High levels of Progranulin expression have been found to be associated with several human cancers and are believed to contribute to tumorigenesis in breast cancer, clear cell renal carcinoma, invasive ovarian carcinoma, glioblastoma, adipocyte teratoma, and multiple myeloma (4-5, 12, 14-19). In addition, mutations in the Progranulin gene are a cause of frontotemporal dementia, and increased expression of Progranulin is seen in activated microglia in many neurodegenerative diseases including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, motor neuron disease and Alzheimer's disease (20). Mutations in Progranulin causing neurodegenerative disease indicate that Progranulin is important for neuronal survival (20).

  • References:
    1. Plowman, G.D. et al. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267:13073.
    2. Zhou, J. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:10863.
    3. Liu, Y. et al. (2007) BMC Cancer 7:22.
    4. Xu, K. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:11347.
    5. Davidson, B. et al. (2004) Cancer 100:2139.
    6. Zanocco-Marani, T. et al. (1999) Cancer Res. 59:5331.
    7. Lu, R. and G. Serrero (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97:3993.
    8. Sun, X. et al. (2004) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 30:510.
    9. Barreda, D.R. et al. (2004) Dev. Comp. Immunol. 28:727.
    10. Justen, H.P. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell Biol. Res. Commun. 3:165.
    11. Suzuki, M. and M. Nishiahara (2002) Mol. Genet. Metab. 75:31.
    12. He, Z. et al. (2003) Nat. Med. 9:225.
    13. Zhu, J. et al. (2002) Cell 111:867.
    14. He, Z. and A. Bateman (2003) J. Mol. Med. 81:600.
    15. Bateman, A. et al. (1990) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 173:1161.
    16. Gonzalez, E.M. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:38113.
    17. Jones, M.B. et al. (2003) Gynecol. Oncol. 88:S136.
    18. Wang, W. et al. (2003) Clin. Cancer Res. 9:2221.
    19. Zhang, H. and G. Serrero (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95:14202.
    20. Baker, M. et al. (2006) Nature 442:916.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    2896 (Human); 14824 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    Acrogranin; GEP; GP88; GRN; PCDGF; PEPI; PGRN; Proepithelin; Progranulin
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

9 Citations: Showing 1 - 9
Filter your results:

Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Lysosomal processing of progranulin
    Authors: X Zhou, DH Paushter, T Feng, L Sun, T Reinheckel, F Hu
    Mol Neurodegener, 2017;12(1):62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  2. The lysosomal protein cathepsin L is a progranulin protease
    Authors: CW Lee, JN Stankowski, J Chew, CN Cook, YW Lam, S Almeida, Y Carlomagno, KF Lau, M Prudencio, FB Gao, M Bogyo, DW Dickson, L Petrucelli
    Mol Neurodegener, 2017;12(1):55.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  3. Evidence of the innate antiviral and neuroprotective properties of progranulin.
    Authors: Suh H, Lo Y, Choi N, Letendre S, Lee S
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(5):e98184.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  4. Regulation of progranulin expression in human microglia and proteolysis of progranulin by matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12).
    Authors: Suh HS, Choi N, Tarassishin L, Lee SC
    PLoS ONE, 2012;7(4):e35115.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  5. Pathogenic cysteine mutations affect progranulin function and production of mature granulins.
    Authors: Wang J, Van Damme P, Cruchaga C, Gitcho MA, Vidal JM, Seijo-Martinez M, Wang L, Wu JY, Robberecht W, Goate A
    J. Neurochem., 2010;112(5):1305-15.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
  6. Progranulin modulates zebrafish motoneuron development in vivo and rescues truncation defects associated with knockdown of Survival motor neuron 1.
    Authors: Chitramuthu BP, Baranowski DC, Kay DG
    Mol Neurodegener, 2010;5(0):41.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Tissue Homogenates
    Application: WB
  7. Progranulin expression correlates with dense-core amyloid plaque burden in Alzheimer disease mouse models.
    Authors: Pereson S, Wils H, Kleinberger G, McGowan E, Vandewoestyne M, Van Broeck B, Joris G, Cuijt I, Deforce D, Hutton M, Van Broeckhoven C, Kumar-Singh S
    J. Pathol., 2009;219(2):173-81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Paraffin-embedded
  8. HDDD2 is a familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions caused by a missense mutation in the signal peptide of progranulin.
    Authors: Mukherjee O, Pastor P, Cairns NJ, Chakraverty S, Kauwe JS, Shears S, Behrens MI, Budde J, Hinrichs AL, Norton J, Levitch D, Taylor-Reinwald L, Gitcho M, Tu PH, Tenenholz Grinberg L, Liscic RM, Armendariz J, Morris JC, Goate AM
    Ann. Neurol., 2006;60(3):314-22.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC
  9. Oxidoreductase activity is necessary for N-glycosylation of cysteine-proximal acceptor sites in glycoproteins.
    Authors: Cherepanova N, Shrimal S, Gilmore R
    J Cell Biol, 0;206(4):525-39.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysates
    Application: WB
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS008 13
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Immunohistochemistry Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

CTS015 10
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

CTS013 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Mounting Medium

CTS011 4
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent Sampler (50 mL each)

CTS016
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

CTS014
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

NorthernLights Guard Mounting Media

NL996
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

VCTS023
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

VCTS021
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

VCTS022
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 8
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Have you used Human Progranulin/PGRN Antibody?

Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.

Order Details

Contact Information

Calculators

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷
R&D Systems Guarantee

Monoclonal
Antibody
Panels For
Screening

Learn More
Monoclonal Antibodies

Feedback

Customer Information