Human TAFA2/FAM19A2 Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human TAFA2/FAM19A2 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TAFA3 and rhTAFA4 is observed, and less than 2% cross-reactivity with rhTAFA5 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Sheep IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TAFA2/FAM19A2
    Ala31-His131
    Accession # Q8N3H0
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize the the enhancemment of neurite outgrowth of cortical neurons from E16-E18 rat embryos induced by TAFA-2. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 5 µg/mL in the presence of 10 µg/mL Recombinant Human TAFA-2.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunohistochemistry
TAFA2/FAM19A2 in Human Brain. TAFA2/FAM19A2 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human brain (cortex) using Human TAFA2/FAM19A2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF4179) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS019) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to neuronal processes. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: TAFA2/FAM19A2

TAFA2 (also FAM19A2) is a secreted, 11 kDa member of the FAM19/TAFA family of chemokine-like proteins (1). It is synthesized as a 131 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 30 aa signal sequence and a 101 aa mature chain. Like other members of the FAM19/TAFA family, with the exception of TAFA5, mature TAFA1 contains 10 regularly spaced cysteine residues that follow the pattern CX7CCX13CXCX14CX11CX4CX5CX10C, where C represents a conserved cysteine residue and X represents any noncysteine amino acid (1). Human TAFA2 is 97% aa identical to mouse TAFA2 (1). TAFA2 expression can be detected in the central nervous system (CNS), colon, heart, lung, spleen, kidney, and thymus, but its expression in the CNS is 50- to 1000-fold higher than in other tissues (1). Within the CNS, TAFA2 expression is highest in the occipital and frontal cortex (3- to 10-fold more abundantly expressed than in other cortical regions) and medulla (1). The biological functions of TAFA family members remain to be determined, but there are a few tentative hypotheses. First, TAFAs may modulate immune responses in the CNS by functioning as brain-specific chemokines, and may act with other chemokines to optimize the recruitment and activity of immune cells in the CNS (1). Second, TAFAs may represent a novel class of neurokines that act as regulators of immune nervous cells (1 - 2). Finally, TAFAs may control axonal sprouting following brain injury (1).

  • References:
    1. Tang, Y.T. et al. (2004) Genomics 83:727.
    2. Benveniste, E. (1998) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 9:259.
  • Long Name:
    Family with Sequence Similarity 19, Member A2
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    338811 (Human); 268354 (Mouse)
  • Alternate Names:
    Chemokine-like protein TAFA-2; DKFZp761E1217; DKFZp781P0552; FAM19A2; family with sequence similarity 19 (chemokine (C-C motif)-like), member A2; MGC42403; TAFA2; TAFA-2
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Anti-Sheep HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS019 1
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Immunohistochemistry Reagents
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

CTS015 10
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

CTS013 4
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Mounting Medium

CTS011 4
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent Sampler (50 mL each)

CTS016
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Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

CTS014
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NorthernLights Guard Mounting Media

NL996
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Universal

VCTS023
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic

VCTS021
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VisUCyte Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Acidic

VCTS022
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Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Sheep IgG Control

Ctrl 5-001-A 9
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Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Sheep IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF016 14  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL010 3
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL011 5
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL012 2
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF016 2
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Sheep IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0126  
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Sheep IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0127  
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Sheep IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer Antibody

IHC VC006  
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0125 1
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Donkey Anti-Sheep IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0128
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